1. Main facts and figures

  • overall, 75% of pupils finishing year 2 in 2016/17 met the expected standard in mathematics and 21% of pupils met the higher standard (making these figures the national averages)
  • Chinese pupils were most likely to meet the expected standard and Gypsy/Roma pupils were least likely to do so, at 91% and 30% respectively
  • Chinese pupils were most likely to meet the higher standard and Gypsy/Roma pupils were least likely to do so, at 46% and 2% respectively
  • overall, a higher percentage of girls than boys met the expected standard, but a higher percentage of boys than girls met the higher standard
  • within every ethnic group, pupils eligible for free school meals (FSM) were less likely to meet the expected standard than those who were not eligible
Things you need to know

In 2016/17, there were 653,945 pupils at the end of year 2, and ethnicity was known for 646,520 (99%) of them.

Of those whose ethnicity was known, 75% were White, 11% were Asian, 6% were Black, 6% were Mixed, 2% were from the Other ethnic group and 0.5% were Chinese.

The 2015/16 key stage 1 assessments were the first to assess the new, more challenging national curriculum. The expected standard was raised to be higher than the old level 2. As a result, figures for 2015/16 and 2016/17 are not comparable to those for earlier years.

Teacher assessments for year 2 pupils studying the national curriculum are collected and reported by the Department for Education (DfE), but test results for those pupils are not collected.

School level data is not published for key stage 1. Results for the Isles of Scilly and the City of London, which have only one school each, have been excluded from local authority breakdowns.

The Department for Education (DfE) has also excluded, or ‘suppressed’, very small numbers (for example, values of 1 or 2, a percentage based on 1 or 2 pupils who achieved, or 0, 1 or 2 pupils who did not achieve a particular standard).

This is because, where the size of the ethnic group population is small enough that an individual’s identity could be revealed, information is suppressed to preserve confidentiality. This is consistent with DfE’s statistical policy statement on confidentiality (PDF).

Pupil numbers for key stage 1 vary between measures of attainment for different subjects. This is because pupils who don't have a valid teacher assessment for a particular subject are excluded from the total. For more about valid teacher assessments, see the Methodology section.

What the data measures

This data measures the mathematics attainment of children at the end of key stage 1 (year 2) when pupils are aged 6 to 7.

The data covers the academic year 2016/17 (September 2016 to July 2017). Data for the academic year 2015/16 is available in the download file.

The standards for this measure are divided into 2 categories:

  • expected standard
  • higher standard

To reach the expected standard, pupils must have been assessed by a teacher as 'working at the expected standard' or 'working at a greater depth within the expected standard'.

To reach the higher standard, pupils must have have been assessed by a teacher as 'working at a greater depth within the expected standard'.

The ethnic categories used in this data

This data uses categories from the Department for Education’s school census, which is broadly based on the 2001 national Census, with 3 exceptions:

  • Traveller of Irish Heritage and Gypsy/Roma children have been separated into 2 categories
  • Sri Lankan has been added to the Asian/Asian British group but is not reported separately
  • Chinese pupils have been assigned a separate category

These changes were made after consultations with local authorities and lobby groups.

The categories in the school census are as follows:

White:

  • White British
  • White Irish
  • Traveller of Irish Heritage
  • Gypsy/Roma
  • Other White

Mixed/Multiple ethnic groups:

  • White and Black Caribbean
  • White and Black African
  • White and Asian
  • Other Mixed background

Asian/Asian British:

  • Indian
  • Pakistani
  • Bangladeshi
  • Sri Lankan
  • Other Asian background

Black/African/Caribbean/Black British:

  • Black African
  • Black Caribbean
  • Other Black background

Chinese

Other ethnic group

Information is provided for both detailed and broad ethnic groups where possible and when the data is available.

The 6 broad categories used are as follows:

  • Asian/Asian British
  • Black/African/Caribbean/Black British
  • Chinese
  • Mixed/Multiple ethnic groups
  • White
  • Other ethnic group

However, local authority data is only provided for 5 broad ethnic groups. Information about the specific ethnic categories is excluded to preserve confidentiality and ensure individuals cannot be identified. Information about the Other ethnic group is not given because DfE does not publish data for this group at the local authority level.

The 5 broad categories are as follows:

  • Asian/Asian British
  • Black/African/Caribbean/Black British
  • Chinese
  • Mixed/Multiple ethnic groups
  • White

2. By ethnicity

Percentage of pupils meeting the expected and higher standards in mathematics by ethnicity
Ethnicity Expected standard Higher standard
All 75 21
Asian 77 23
Bangladeshi 76 20
Indian 85 32
Pakistani 72 17
Asian other 79 27
Black 73 18
Black African 75 20
Black Caribbean 68 14
Black other 70 16
Chinese 91 46
Mixed 76 21
Mixed White/Asian 80 27
Mixed White/Black African 75 19
Mixed White/Black Caribbean 70 15
Mixed other 77 23
White 75 20
White British 76 20
White Irish 75 23
White Irish Traveller 35 5
White Gypsy/Roma 30 2
White other 75 20
Other 72 18

Download table data (CSV) Source data (CSV)

Summary

This data shows that:

  • overall, 75% of pupils met the expected standard in mathematics and 21% met the higher standard, making these the national averages in 2016/17
  • 91% of Chinese pupils met the expected standard and 46% met the higher standard (the highest percentages of any ethnic group)
  • 30% of Gypsy/Roma pupils met the expected standard and 2% met the higher standard (the lowest percentages of any ethnic group)
  • 76% of White British pupils met the expected standard and 20% met the higher standard

3. By ethnicity and eligibility for free school meals

Percentage of pupils meeting the expected standard in mathematics by ethnicity and eligibility for free school meals
Ethnicity FSM Non-FSM
% %
All 60 78
Asian 67 79
Bangladeshi 69 77
Indian 73 85
Pakistani 64 73
Asian other 69 81
Black 67 75
Black African 69 77
Black Caribbean 60 71
Black other 65 72
Chinese 85 91
Mixed 63 79
Mixed White/Asian 64 83
Mixed White/Black African 67 78
Mixed White/Black Caribbean 61 74
Mixed other 64 80
White 58 78
White British 58 78
White Irish 45 80
White Irish Traveller 30 40
White Gypsy/Roma 29 30
White other 63 75
Other 65 73

Download table data (CSV) Source data (CSV)

Summary

Eligibility for free school meals (FSM) is used as an indicator of deprivation by the Department for Education. For more about who qualifies for FSM, see the Methodology section.

The data shows that:

  • in 2016/17 there were 92,319 pupils eligible for free school meals in year 2 (14% of all pupils)
  • overall, 60% of pupils eligible for FSM met the expected standard in mathematics, compared with 78% of those not eligible (a gap of 18 percentage points)
  • in every ethnic group, FSM-eligible pupils were less likely to meet the expected standard than those not eligible
  • 58% of FSM-eligible White British pupils met the expected standard, compared with 78% of those not eligible (a gap of 20 percentage points)
  • 85% of FSM-eligible Chinese pupils met the expected standard (the highest percentage of any ethnic group)
  • the largest gap in attainment between FSM-eligible pupils and those not eligible was found in the White Irish group, where 45% and 80% met the expected standard respectively (a gap of 35 percentage points)

4. By ethnicity and area

Percentage of pupils meeting the expected standard for mathematics by ethnicity and area
Local authority All Asian Black Chinese Mixed White
% % % % % %
Barking and Dagenham 77 84 77 100 74 74
Barnet 77 81 68 92 77 80
Barnsley 74 withheld to protect confidentiality 71 withheld to protect confidentiality 68 74
Bath and North East Somerset 75 68 75 withheld to protect confidentiality 81 75
Bedford 71 69 66 100 65 73
Bexley 82 88 87 withheld to protect confidentiality 79 80
Birmingham 71 74 71 93 72 70
Blackburn with Darwen 74 77 58 withheld to protect confidentiality 78 73
Blackpool 75 79 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 82 74
Bolton 73 77 61 withheld to protect confidentiality 77 74
Bournemouth 77 79 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 84 76
Bracknell Forest 76 84 70 withheld to protect confidentiality 77 76
Bradford 72 74 72 withheld to protect confidentiality 69 72
Brent 75 76 74 withheld to protect confidentiality 77 78
Brighton and Hove 75 66 74 withheld to protect confidentiality 72 76
Bristol, City of 73 70 63 withheld to protect confidentiality 72 76
Bromley 80 83 78 88 78 80
Buckinghamshire 76 72 65 100 75 78
Bury 72 65 68 withheld to protect confidentiality 65 74
Calderdale 70 61 65 withheld to protect confidentiality 68 73
Cambridgeshire 73 74 58 93 76 73
Camden 75 71 71 withheld to protect confidentiality 77 78
Central Bedfordshire 77 86 80 100 81 77
Cheshire East 75 88 73 100 72 75
Cheshire West and Chester 73 75 60 60 79 73
City of London withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality
Cornwall 72 75 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 74 72
County Durham 78 73 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 76 78
Coventry 72 79 70 withheld to protect confidentiality 71 71
Croydon 76 81 73 withheld to protect confidentiality 75 77
Cumbria 73 69 withheld to protect confidentiality 69 72 73
Darlington 76 67 73 100 85 76
Derby 72 72 74 85 69 72
Derbyshire 75 79 71 83 75 75
Devon 75 85 71 80 79 75
Doncaster 74 73 71 withheld to protect confidentiality 74 74
Dorset 74 79 75 withheld to protect confidentiality 74 74
Dudley 72 70 66 79 69 73
Ealing 75 77 67 withheld to protect confidentiality 78 79
East Riding of Yorkshire 76 88 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 79 76
East Sussex 76 77 61 withheld to protect confidentiality 78 77
Enfield 74 84 73 withheld to protect confidentiality 75 72
Essex 76 86 78 93 78 76
Gateshead 76 82 64 withheld to protect confidentiality 83 76
Gloucestershire 74 78 68 withheld to protect confidentiality 76 74
Greenwich 81 89 82 withheld to protect confidentiality 84 79
Hackney 81 83 77 83 85 84
Halton 65 withheld to protect confidentiality N/A* withheld to protect confidentiality 66 66
Hammersmith and Fulham 79 85 74 100 79 84
Hampshire 79 84 75 87 84 79
Haringey 79 84 75 88 82 80
Harrow 78 85 62 100 82 73
Hartlepool 75 75 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 withheld to protect confidentiality 75
Havering 77 80 78 withheld to protect confidentiality 80 77
Herefordshire, County of 77 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 82 77
Hertfordshire 77 83 72 96 77 77
Hillingdon 78 84 73 withheld to protect confidentiality 80 75
Hounslow 81 86 73 withheld to protect confidentiality 83 81
Isle of Wight 68 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 66 68
Isles of Scilly withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality
Islington 77 77 74 100 76 79
Kensington and Chelsea 82 65 78 100 81 86
Kent 78 83 84 withheld to protect confidentiality 81 78
Kingston upon Hull, City of 72 73 51 withheld to protect confidentiality 73 72
Kingston upon Thames 80 84 71 withheld to protect confidentiality 75 80
Kirklees 71 69 63 69 68 73
Knowsley 71 81 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 62 71
Lambeth 79 85 76 100 80 82
Lancashire 75 73 56 85 73 76
Leeds 68 69 60 withheld to protect confidentiality 65 69
Leicester 72 79 69 58 74 66
Leicestershire 75 81 69 100 72 74
Lewisham 78 79 74 89 77 82
Lincolnshire 73 91 72 87 73 73
Liverpool 66 62 62 90 67 67
Luton 71 72 71 withheld to protect confidentiality 71 71
Manchester 72 71 74 91 73 72
Medway 79 86 85 withheld to protect confidentiality 83 77
Merton 78 82 76 79 77 78
Middlesbrough 70 70 69 withheld to protect confidentiality 63 71
Milton Keynes 76 86 73 withheld to protect confidentiality 78 75
Newcastle upon Tyne 75 72 77 85 78 76
Newham 80 81 78 withheld to protect confidentiality 82 78
Norfolk 73 78 58 withheld to protect confidentiality 68 73
North East Lincolnshire 74 83 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 81 73
North Lincolnshire 78 88 58 100 85 77
North Somerset 78 77 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 79 78
North Tyneside 79 66 61 withheld to protect confidentiality 84 79
North Yorkshire 74 78 81 withheld to protect confidentiality 74 74
Northamptonshire 75 78 70 91 76 75
Northumberland 79 87 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 83 79
Nottingham 71 74 71 withheld to protect confidentiality 72 70
Nottinghamshire 74 74 71 80 77 74
Oldham 69 66 63 100 79 72
Oxfordshire 75 71 74 withheld to protect confidentiality 73 75
Peterborough 70 68 70 withheld to protect confidentiality 74 71
Plymouth 72 79 69 withheld to protect confidentiality 74 72
Poole 80 89 100 100 71 80
Portsmouth 73 73 71 withheld to protect confidentiality 81 74
Reading 75 80 70 100 76 74
Redbridge 79 83 72 90 74 76
Redcar and Cleveland 78 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality N/A* 82 78
Richmond upon Thames 82 85 67 84 80 82
Rochdale 72 71 71 100 77 72
Rotherham 75 75 78 80 73 75
Rutland 78 100 44 N/A* 100 79
Salford 75 85 76 withheld to protect confidentiality 81 74
Sandwell 71 75 70 withheld to protect confidentiality 71 70
Sefton 74 81 73 withheld to protect confidentiality 71 75
Sheffield 76 74 74 withheld to protect confidentiality 76 76
Shropshire 72 82 70 100 77 72
Slough 78 83 77 withheld to protect confidentiality 72 74
Solihull 77 81 77 withheld to protect confidentiality 75 77
Somerset 77 78 74 withheld to protect confidentiality 78 77
South Gloucestershire 80 83 66 withheld to protect confidentiality 78 80
South Tyneside 78 88 60 withheld to protect confidentiality 76 78
Southampton 75 81 73 84 74 75
Southend-on-Sea 77 83 77 withheld to protect confidentiality 77 77
Southwark 78 77 76 79 80 80
St. Helens 71 64 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 79 71
Staffordshire 78 80 75 withheld to protect confidentiality 79 78
Stockport 76 74 74 74 77 76
Stockton-on-Tees 77 77 85 withheld to protect confidentiality 74 77
Stoke-on-Trent 71 76 65 80 72 71
Suffolk 74 82 68 withheld to protect confidentiality 73 74
Sunderland 78 75 89 withheld to protect confidentiality 75 78
Surrey 78 80 73 80 80 78
Sutton 79 88 77 withheld to protect confidentiality 76 77
Swindon 77 77 79 withheld to protect confidentiality 78 77
Tameside 72 72 70 76 68 72
Telford and Wrekin 77 80 73 withheld to protect confidentiality 81 77
Thurrock 77 81 84 100 81 75
Torbay 75 71 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 80 75
Tower Hamlets 77 79 74 withheld to protect confidentiality 76 75
Trafford 79 78 69 withheld to protect confidentiality 78 81
Wakefield 73 75 56 withheld to protect confidentiality 80 73
Walsall 73 78 75 withheld to protect confidentiality 73 72
Waltham Forest 81 84 77 withheld to protect confidentiality 81 81
Wandsworth 81 83 71 78 80 85
Warrington 78 85 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 84 78
Warwickshire 76 81 75 100 78 76
West Berkshire 75 90 81 100 76 74
West Sussex 70 68 62 withheld to protect confidentiality 70 71
Westminster 78 73 78 withheld to protect confidentiality 79 82
Wigan 75 82 74 withheld to protect confidentiality 81 75
Wiltshire 72 74 68 73 68 73
Windsor and Maidenhead 79 79 67 100 80 79
Wirral 72 71 100 withheld to protect confidentiality 76 72
Wokingham 81 87 68 100 74 81
Wolverhampton 74 78 76 withheld to protect confidentiality 75 73
Worcestershire 76 69 56 withheld to protect confidentiality 72 77
York 77 77 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 78 76

Download table data (CSV) Source data (CSV)

Summary

Except for the information for White pupils, the statistics quoted for attainment by ethnicity and local authority are based on small numbers of pupils and are highly variable over time.

This data shows that:

  • in 2016/17, 100% of Asian pupils met the expected standard in mathematics in Rutland in the East Midlands, compared with 61% in Calderdale in Yorkshire and the Humber (a gap of 39 percentage points)
  • 100% of Black pupils met the expected standard in Wirral in the North West and Poole in the South West, compared with 44% in Rutland in the East Midlands (a gap of 56 percentage points)
  • 100% of Chinese pupils met the expected standard in 28 out of the 65 local authorities for which data for Chinese pupils is available, compared with 58% in Leicester in the East Midlands (a gap of 42 percentage points)
  • 100% of pupils with Mixed ethnicity met the expected standard in Rutland in the East Midlands, compared with 62% in Knowsley in the North West (a gap of 38 percentage points)
  • 86% of White pupils met the expected standard in Kensington and Chelsea in London, compared with 66% in Halton in the North West and Leicester in the East Midlands (a gap of 20 percentage points)

5. By ethnicity and gender

Percentage of pupils meeting the expected and higher standards in mathematics by ethnicity and gender
Boys Girls
Ethnicity Expected standard Higher standard Expected standard Higher standard
All 74 22 76 19
Asian 76 25 79 22
Bangladeshi 74 22 77 19
Indian 84 33 86 31
Pakistani 70 18 73 15
Asian other 78 28 81 26
Black 71 19 76 18
Black African 73 21 77 19
Black Caribbean 66 14 71 13
Black other 68 16 72 16
Chinese 90 49 91 43
Mixed 74 23 78 20
Mixed White/Asian 79 29 82 25
Mixed White/Black African 73 21 78 18
Mixed White/Black Caribbean 69 17 72 13
Mixed other 75 24 79 21
White 74 22 76 18
White British 74 22 77 18
White Irish 75 26 74 20
White Irish Traveller 32 5 37 5
White Gypsy/Roma 29 3 31 2
White other 74 23 75 18
Other 72 19 72 16

Download table data (CSV) Source data (CSV)

Summary

This data shows that:

  • overall, 76% of girls and 74% of boys met the expected standard in mathematics in 2016/17; 22% of boys and 19% of girls met the higher standard
  • girls were more likely to meet the expected standard than boys in all ethnic groups except for White Irish pupils and pupils from Any Other ethnic background
  • boys were more likely to meet the higher standard than girls in all ethnic groups except for Traveller of Irish Heritage and Any Other Black background pupils, where they were equally likely to meet it
  • among White British pupils, 77% of girls and 74% of boys met the expected standard, while 22% of boys and 18% of girls met the higher standard
  • Chinese girls were most likely to meet the expected standard, at 91%, and Chinese boys were most likely to meet the higher standard, at 49%
  • Gypsy/Roma boys were least likely to meet the expected standard, at 29%, and Gypsy/Roma girls were least likely to meet the higher standard, at 2%
  • the biggest gap between girls and boys in the expected standard was in the White Irish Traveller, Black Caribbean, and Mixed White and Black African ethnic groups (at 5 percentage points)
  • the biggest gap between boys and girls in the higher standard was in the White Irish and Chinese ethnic groups (at 6 percentage points)

6. By ethnicity, gender, and eligibility for free school meals

Percentage of pupils meeting the expected standard for mathematics by ethnicity, gender, and eligibility for free school meals
Boys Girls
Ethnicity FSM Non-FSM FSM Non-FSM
All 59 77 61 79
Asian 67 77 67 80
Bangladeshi 68 75 71 79
Indian 73 84 72 87
Pakistani 64 71 64 75
Asian other 69 79 69 83
Black 64 73 70 77
Black African 66 75 72 79
Black Caribbean 55 69 65 74
Black other 63 70 66 74
Chinese 82 91 89 91
Mixed 61 78 66 81
Mixed White/Asian 60 82 67 84
Mixed White/Black African 64 76 70 80
Mixed White/Black Caribbean 59 73 63 75
Mixed other 61 78 67 82
White 56 77 59 79
White British 57 77 59 79
White Irish 45 79 45 80
White Irish Traveller 29 36 30 45
White Gypsy/Roma 26 30 33 30
White other 62 75 63 76
Other 67 73 64 74

Download table data (CSV) Source data (CSV)

Summary

Eligibility for free school meals (FSM) is used as an indicator of deprivation by the Department for Education. For more about who qualifies for FSM, see the Methodology section.

The data shows that:

  • in 2016/17 there were 92,319 pupils eligible for FSM in year 2 (14% of all pupils)
  • overall, 61% of FSM-eligible girls met the expected standard in mathematics compared with 59% of FSM-eligible boys
  • among White British FSM-eligible pupils, 59% of girls met the expected standard, compared with 57% of boys
  • 89% of FSM-eligible Chinese girls met the expected standard (the highest percentage of any group of FSM-eligible pupils)
  • 26% of FSM-eligible Gypsy/Roma boys met the expected standard (the lowest percentage of any group of FSM-eligible pupils)
  • the largest gap in attainment between FSM-eligible boys and girls was found among Black Caribbean pupils, where 55% and 65% met the expected standard respectively (a gap of 10 percentage points)

7. By ethnicity, area and gender

Percentage of pupils meeting the expected standard for mathematics by ethnicity, area and gender
All Asian Black Chinese Mixed White
Local authority Boys Girls Boys Girls Boys Girls Boys Girls Boys Girls Boys Girls
Barking and Dagenham 76 78 85 83 76 78 100 100 71 78 73 76
Barnet 76 78 77 86 64 73 90 withheld to protect confidentiality 73 82 80 79
Barnsley 72 76 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality N/A* 66 71 72 76
Bath and North East Somerset 75 76 60 77 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 100 withheld to protect confidentiality 79 83 75 75
Bedford 70 72 67 71 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 66 64 72 75
Bexley 80 84 90 86 84 90 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 76 81 78 82
Birmingham 70 73 73 75 69 73 94 91 70 75 69 71
Blackburn with Darwen 73 76 77 77 55 withheld to protect confidentiality N/A* withheld to protect confidentiality 77 78 71 75
Blackpool 72 77 74 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 86 77 72 77
Bolton 72 74 77 77 59 63 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 76 78 72 75
Bournemouth 76 77 72 85 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 100 100 83 85 75 77
Bracknell Forest 75 77 78 89 64 76 N/A* 100 83 70 75 76
Bradford 70 75 72 77 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 65 74 70 74
Brent 73 77 74 79 71 77 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 78 77
Brighton and Hove 75 75 57 76 75 74 100 withheld to protect confidentiality 70 73 76 75
Bristol, City of 74 73 69 71 64 61 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 70 74 76 75
Bromley 79 80 84 82 75 82 88 88 79 77 80 80
Buckinghamshire 77 76 71 73 66 64 100 100 74 76 78 77
Bury 73 71 67 62 75 63 100 withheld to protect confidentiality 62 69 75 74
Calderdale 71 70 65 56 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 66 71 73 73
Cambridgeshire 73 74 73 75 58 59 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 76 76 73 74
Camden 74 75 70 73 70 72 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 79 74 78 79
Central Bedfordshire 75 79 92 82 71 87 100 100 82 81 75 78
Cheshire East 74 76 withheld to protect confidentiality 83 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 100 100 65 78 74 76
Cheshire West and Chester 71 75 64 84 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 58 63 73 84 71 75
City of London withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality
Cornwall 71 73 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality N/A* withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 71 77 71 73
County Durham 76 79 70 77 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 67 84 76 79
Coventry 70 74 78 80 68 73 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 68 74 69 73
Croydon 74 78 78 84 69 76 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 72 78 76 78
Cumbria 72 74 70 68 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 71 73 72 74
Darlington 73 80 60 76 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 72 80
Derby 71 72 74 70 74 75 withheld to protect confidentiality 77 70 67 71 74
Derbyshire 73 78 71 86 64 79 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 68 82 74 77
Devon 74 76 86 85 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 78 79 74 76
Doncaster 72 77 63 85 67 75 100 withheld to protect confidentiality 67 82 73 76
Dorset 73 76 71 86 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 71 78 73 76
Dudley 70 74 69 73 65 67 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 70 69 71 75
Ealing 74 76 78 77 65 69 100 withheld to protect confidentiality 78 78 78 81
East Riding of Yorkshire 74 78 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality N/A* withheld to protect confidentiality 71 86 74 77
East Sussex 75 78 77 76 68 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 withheld to protect confidentiality 77 79 75 78
Enfield 73 74 82 86 70 76 100 withheld to protect confidentiality 72 78 74 71
Essex 75 77 89 84 78 77 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 76 81 75 77
Gateshead 75 77 79 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 100 withheld to protect confidentiality 81 84 75 77
Gloucestershire 73 75 75 80 71 66 100 withheld to protect confidentiality 73 78 73 75
Greenwich 79 84 88 89 79 86 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 81 87 78 80
Hackney 80 83 84 81 74 80 71 100 80 89 83 85
Halton 64 66 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality N/A* N/A* withheld to protect confidentiality N/A* 63 withheld to protect confidentiality 65 66
Hammersmith and Fulham 76 83 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 69 81 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 75 83 82 86
Hampshire 78 80 86 82 73 79 80 withheld to protect confidentiality 82 86 78 80
Haringey 77 81 84 84 71 79 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 82 82 78 82
Harrow 77 80 84 87 57 66 100 100 80 84 73 74
Hartlepool 72 77 69 80 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 72 77
Havering 77 77 79 81 75 80 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 78 83 77 76
Herefordshire, County of 75 79 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality N/A* 71 90 76 78
Hertfordshire 76 79 81 85 67 77 93 100 75 79 76 78
Hillingdon 77 79 82 86 70 75 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 80 79 74 77
Hounslow 79 84 82 89 70 77 100 withheld to protect confidentiality 84 82 79 84
Isle of Wight 66 71 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 52 78 66 71
Isles of Scilly withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality
Islington 76 78 73 84 72 75 100 100 73 79 80 78
Kensington and Chelsea 84 80 75 57 81 73 100 N/A* 84 78 87 85
Kent 77 80 80 87 82 87 100 withheld to protect confidentiality 76 85 76 80
Kingston upon Hull, City of 70 74 71 75 52 50 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 69 79 71 74
Kingston upon Thames 80 80 83 85 76 68 100 withheld to protect confidentiality 71 78 80 80
Kirklees 70 72 67 70 56 69 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 68 69 72 73
Knowsley 69 72 67 100 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 57 67 70 72
Lambeth 77 81 82 88 73 78 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 77 82 81 83
Lancashire 74 77 69 77 65 50 100 77 75 72 75 77
Leeds 67 69 67 71 60 61 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 64 67 68 70
Leicester 71 73 79 78 68 70 56 withheld to protect confidentiality 73 76 65 68
Leicestershire 74 75 80 83 54 83 100 100 70 75 74 75
Lewisham 77 78 75 84 74 73 withheld to protect confidentiality 81 75 79 81 82
Lincolnshire 72 74 92 90 79 67 80 100 73 74 72 74
Liverpool 65 68 59 67 59 65 85 94 66 68 66 68
Luton 70 73 70 73 68 75 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 66 79 71 71
Manchester 69 74 69 73 71 78 90 91 72 74 69 75
Medway 76 81 75 95 84 87 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 82 84 75 80
Merton 78 79 80 85 74 78 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 78 75 78 77
Middlesbrough 69 70 65 75 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 59 68 72 69
Milton Keynes 75 78 82 90 71 76 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 75 80 74 75
Newcastle upon Tyne 74 76 69 75 74 80 83 withheld to protect confidentiality 78 77 75 76
Newham 78 81 80 83 76 80 100 withheld to protect confidentiality 80 84 76 80
Norfolk 73 73 80 75 55 62 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 65 70 73 73
North East Lincolnshire 74 73 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 88 77 73 73
North Lincolnshire 76 79 86 90 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 75 79
North Somerset 76 79 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 78 81 76 79
North Tyneside 76 81 60 73 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 100 withheld to protect confidentiality 79 88 77 81
North Yorkshire 74 75 81 77 withheld to protect confidentiality 80 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 70 79 74 74
Northamptonshire 74 76 73 83 67 74 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 75 77 74 76
Northumberland 78 79 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 N/A* withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 81 84 79 79
Nottingham 69 72 71 76 71 72 100 withheld to protect confidentiality 71 73 68 72
Nottinghamshire 72 75 73 75 71 70 80 79 75 80 72 75
Oldham 68 71 66 66 61 64 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 79 79 70 74
Oxfordshire 74 75 72 70 75 74 100 withheld to protect confidentiality 72 73 75 76
Peterborough 68 72 65 72 68 72 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 70 77 70 72
Plymouth 70 74 74 84 57 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 70 77 71 74
Poole 80 81 77 100 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 72 70 80 80
Portsmouth 71 76 72 75 68 74 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 80 83 70 77
Reading 75 76 80 81 66 74 100 100 73 79 74 73
Redbridge 76 81 81 86 73 72 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 70 79 74 77
Redcar and Cleveland 76 81 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality N/A* N/A* N/A* withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 76 81
Richmond upon Thames 83 80 85 84 75 61 withheld to protect confidentiality 86 84 76 84 81
Rochdale 70 74 69 74 68 73 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 72 83 71 73
Rotherham 73 76 77 74 76 78 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 73 73 73 77
Rutland 82 75 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality N/A* N/A* withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 82 76
Salford 74 76 86 84 73 78 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 79 83 73 76
Sandwell 69 74 72 78 67 75 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 68 74 68 72
Sefton 73 76 76 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 100 71 70 73 76
Sheffield 75 77 73 74 73 76 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 76 75 75 77
Shropshire 71 73 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 77 77 71 73
Slough 75 80 80 85 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 75 69 71 76
Solihull 77 77 81 82 72 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 75 76 76 77
Somerset 74 79 79 78 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 72 85 75 79
South Gloucestershire 78 82 85 80 76 59 100 withheld to protect confidentiality 70 86 78 83
South Tyneside 76 80 84 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 75 76 76 79
Southampton 74 77 81 80 69 80 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 68 80 73 76
Southend-on-Sea 75 79 73 91 77 77 100 withheld to protect confidentiality 83 71 74 80
Southwark 76 79 73 81 73 79 77 82 78 82 81 80
St. Helens 70 73 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 100 75 84 70 73
Staffordshire 77 79 79 80 68 83 100 withheld to protect confidentiality 81 77 77 79
Stockport 74 78 72 76 73 75 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 70 85 74 78
Stockton-on-Tees 76 79 75 79 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 68 82 76 79
Stoke-on-Trent 69 73 74 78 64 65 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 65 78 69 73
Suffolk 73 74 77 86 72 65 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 71 74 73 74
Sunderland 76 80 73 76 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 80 72 76 80
Surrey 77 78 79 82 68 77 82 77 79 81 77 78
Sutton 78 79 86 89 80 73 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 79 74 76 78
Swindon 76 78 76 78 83 76 100 withheld to protect confidentiality 76 79 76 79
Tameside 70 74 70 74 72 68 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 61 75 70 74
Telford and Wrekin 74 80 76 85 68 80 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 75 87 74 80
Thurrock 75 79 84 78 76 92 100 100 77 85 74 76
Torbay 76 75 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality N/A* withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 77 84 76 74
Tower Hamlets 76 79 77 80 72 76 100 withheld to protect confidentiality 77 74 75 76
Trafford 78 80 79 77 69 69 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 75 82 79 82
Wakefield 71 74 77 72 52 61 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 82 79 71 74
Walsall 71 75 76 80 74 76 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 67 80 70 73
Waltham Forest 79 82 85 83 74 81 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 81 81 79 84
Wandsworth 80 82 83 84 70 72 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 81 80 85 85
Warrington 79 78 84 86 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 94 74 79 78
Warwickshire 75 77 79 84 81 67 100 100 78 77 75 77
West Berkshire 74 75 88 91 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 74 78 74 74
West Sussex 70 71 67 70 63 61 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 73 67 70 71
Westminster 76 80 73 73 74 83 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 75 82 81 83
Wigan 75 76 77 88 67 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 100 87 76 74 76
Wiltshire 72 73 80 69 64 72 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 67 69 72 74
Windsor and Maidenhead 78 81 81 78 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 75 83 77 81
Wirral 72 72 60 81 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 70 82 72 72
Wokingham 82 80 88 87 64 73 100 100 72 77 83 80
Wolverhampton 73 76 77 78 73 80 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 76 74 72 75
Worcestershire 76 76 71 68 53 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 withheld to protect confidentiality 72 71 77 76
York 75 78 78 75 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 72 85 75 78

Download table data (CSV) Source data (CSV)

Summary

Except for the information for White pupils, the statistics quoted for attainment by ethnicity and local authority are based on small numbers of pupils and are highly variable over time.

The data for the expected standard shows that:

  • overall in 2016/17, a higher percentage of girls than boys met the expected standard in mathematics 132 out of the 150 local authorities for which data is available
  • for Asian pupils, the largest attainment gap was in Knowsley in the North West, where 100% of girls met the expected standard, compared with 67% of boys
  • for Black pupils, the biggest attainment gap was in Leicestershire in the East Midlands, where 83% of girls met the expected standard, compared with 54% of boys
  • for pupils of Mixed ethnicity, the biggest attainment gap was in Isle of Wight in the South East, where 78% of girls met the expected standard, compared with 52% of boys
  • for White pupils, the biggest attainment gap was in Darlington in the North East, where 80% of girls met the expected standard, compared with 72% of boys

8. Methodology

The key stage 1 dataset is compiled using information matched together from 2 data sources:

  • key stage 1 teacher assessment results
  • school census records

Key stage 1 results received from local authorities are combined with pupil characteristics from the school census. Records are matched using identifiers such as surname, forename, date of birth, unique pupil number, gender and postcode. This successfully matches around 98% of results.

Key stage 1 assessment results are not published at school level. The coverage of the local authority and regional statistics is for state-funded mainstream schools only in England. This includes schools and academies but excludes hospital schools, pupil referral units and alternative provision.

The information is collected from 16,369 schools (approximately 654,000 pupils).

Pupils are included in the figures for free school meals (FSM) if their families have claimed eligibility for FSM at the time of the annual spring school census. This FSM definition includes all who were eligible to receive FSM, not only those who actually received FSM. Pupils not eligible for FSM or unclassified pupils are described as ‘non-FSM’ or ‘all other pupils’.

Parents are able to claim FSM if they receive a qualifying benefit.

FSM is used as an indicator of disadvantage, but when drawing conclusions, it should be remembered that not all eligible parents apply for FSM. Families who don’t quite reach the eligibility threshold for FSM may still be suffering deprivation.

Any pupils who do not have a valid key stage 1 outcome for a subject are excluded from the calculations for that subject and do not appear in the number of eligible pupils or in the outcome percentages. For reading, writing and mathematics, the valid outcomes are:

  • below the pre-key stage standard
  • foundations for the expected standard
  • working towards the expected standard
  • working at the expected standard
  • working at greater depth within the expected standard
  • absent
  • disapplied

For science, the valid outcomes are:

  • has not met the expected standard
  • working at the expected standard
  • absent
  • disapplied

Pupils with an outcome of ‘absent’ or ‘disapplied’ are included to ensure complete coverage of the cohort.

Suppression rules and disclosure control

Values of 1 or 2 or a percentage based on 1 or 2 pupils who achieved, or did not achieve, a particular standard are suppressed. Some additional figures may be suppressed to prevent the possibility of a suppressed figure being revealed. This suppression is consistent with DfE’s statistical policy statement on confidentiality (PDF) .

Figures for the Isles of Scilly and City of London are suppressed in DfE’s key stage 2 provisional Statistical First Release as these local authorities have a single school and DfE do not publish school-level information in the performance tables at the time of the provisional release. These figures are unsuppressed in the revised release as school-level figures are already published in the performance tables.

Regional eligible pupil figures are rounded to the nearest 10 so that it is not possible to derive figures for these local authorities by summing the figures for the other local authorities in the region.

In the school-level data, any figures relating to a cohort of 5 pupils or fewer are suppressed. This applies to sub-groups of pupils as well as the whole cohort. For example, if there were five boys and three girls in a school, DfE would not publish attainment for boys or girls separately but would publish attainment for all pupils as this is based on 8 pupils. The Code of Practice for Official Statistics requires DfE to take reasonable steps to ensure that their published or disseminated statistics protect confidentiality.

For more information about DfE’s disclosure control procedures for its statistical releases please see DfE’s statistical policy statement on confidentiality (PDF).

Rounding

Percentages given in charts, tables and downloads are rounded to the nearest whole number. For this reason some figures may not exactly match those published by the Department for Education.

Related publications

Schools, pupils and their characteristics: June 2017

Quality and methodology information

9. Data sources

Source

Type of data

Administrative data

Type of statistic

National Statistics

Publisher

Department for Education

Publication frequency

Yearly

Purpose of data source

This data provides results for the 2017 phonics screening checks and key stage 1 national curriculum assessments for pupils in schools in England. The results are used to monitor pupils’ attainment and progress in reading, writing, science and mathematics.

10. Download the data

Expected and higher standard in Mathematics for children aged 6 to 7 (key stage 1) - national - Spreadsheet (csv) 59 KB

This file contains the following variables: Measure, Ethnicity, Ethnicity_Type, Time, Time_Type, Geography (England), Geography_Code, Gender, FSM, Value, Value_Type, Denominator

Expected standard in Mathematics for children aged 6 to 7 (key stage 1) - local authority - Spreadsheet (csv) 575 KB

This file contains the following variables: Measure, Ethnicity, Ethnicity_Type, Time, Time_Type, Region, Local_Authority, Local_Authority_Code, Gender, Value, Value_Type, Denominator