English Baccalaureate entry

Published

1. Main facts and figures

  • 38.4% of pupils in state-funded schools were entered for the English Baccalaureate (EBacc) in 2017/18
  • Chinese pupils were the most likely to be entered for the EBacc (63.6%)
  • Gypsy/Roma pupils were the least likely to be entered (8.9%)
  • across all ethnic groups, girls were more likely to be entered for the EBacc than boys
  • across all ethnic groups, pupils eligible for free school meals were less likely to be entered than those not eligible
Things you need to know

In 2017/18, there were 523,626 pupils in state-funded schools at the end of key stage 4.

Of the pupils for whom ethnicity was known:

  • 77% were White
  • 11% were Asian
  • 6% were Black
  • 5% had Mixed ethnicity
  • 0.4% were Chinese
  • 1.7% were from the Other ethnic group

The ethnicity of 1.4% of pupils (7,166) was not known. This includes pupils who were not available or who refused to be surveyed.

It’s important to be careful when comparing these statistics, as some of them are based on very small numbers of pupils and can be highly variable.

The smallest groups in 2017/18 were:

  • 107 pupils from the Chinese ethnic group who were eligible for free school meals
  • 111 children from a Traveller of Irish heritage background

Data comparisons between these groups and other ethnic groups may be unreliable. For comparison, there were 22,840 pupils in the Pakistani ethnic group.

Schools can ask for a pupil to be removed from their performance results. For example, if they’ve recently arrived from overseas and English is not their first language.

This data only includes qualifications that are approved by the English Baccalaureate.

Differences in the figures between state schools and all schools (including independent schools) is mainly due to the unregulated international GCSEs taken in independent schools. Local authorities who have not reported any data will not appear in the accompanying data files.

Statistics provided for local authorities may be quite different to those from last year. See the methodology section for further information.

Local authority data doesn’t include figures for pupils in the ‘Other’ ethnic group. Instead, these pupils are included in the ‘All’ category, which also includes pupils for whom ethnicity wasn’t known.

What the data measures

This data measures the number of pupils in government-funded schools entering the English Baccalaureate (EBacc) by ethnic group.

The EBacc is made up of 5 GCSEs:

  • English
  • Maths
  • Science
  • a language
  • either History or Geography

The data covers the academic year 2017/18 (September 2017 to July 2018).

The ethnic categories used in this data

This data uses categories from the Department for Education’s school census, which is broadly based on the 2001 national Census, with 3 exceptions:

  • Traveller of Irish Heritage and Gypsy/Roma children have been separated into 2 categories
  • Sri Lankan is included in the Asian/Asian British group but is not reported separately
  • Chinese pupils have been assigned a separate category from Asian

These changes were made after consulting local authorities and lobby groups.

Data is reported for 6 broad and 16 specific ethnic groups. These are:

Asian/Asian British:

  • Indian
  • Pakistani
  • Bangladeshi
  • Other Asian background

Black/African/Caribbean/Black British:

  • Black African
  • Black Caribbean
  • Other Black background

Mixed/Multiple ethnic groups:

  • White and Black Caribbean
  • White and Black African
  • White and Asian
  • Other Mixed background

White:

  • White British
  • White Irish
  • Traveller of Irish Heritage
  • Gypsy/Roma
  • Other White

Chinese

Other ethnic group

Some data is shown only for 5 or 6 broad ethnic groups.

The 6 broad groups are:

  • Asian/Asian British
  • Black/African/Caribbean/Black British
  • Chinese
  • Mixed/Multiple ethnic groups
  • White
  • Other ethnic group

The Other ethnic group isn’t included in data analysed by local authority area, basis for school admission, school type, special educational needs, and religion of school because DfE does not publish this data.

2. By ethnicity

Percentage of pupils entering the English Baccalaureate by ethnicity
Ethnicity % Pupils
All 38.4 523,626
Asian 48.5 55,737
Bangladeshi 46.2 9,384
Indian 57.0 14,575
Pakistani 41.8 22,840
Asian other 54.1 8,938
Black 45.0 28,949
Black African 49.1 18,358
Black Caribbean 36.1 6,933
Black other 41.0 3,658
Chinese 63.6 1,875
Mixed 41.8 24,646
Mixed White/Asian 48.4 5,537
Mixed White/Black African 42.7 2,936
Mixed White/Black Caribbean 30.5 7,093
Mixed other 46.4 9,080
White 36.0 396,680
White British 35.1 367,680
White Irish 46.1 1,646
Gypsy/Roma 8.9 1,107
Irish Traveller 9.9 111
White other 49.3 26,136
Other 50.0 8,573
Unknown 31.2 7,166

Download table data for ‘By ethnicity’ (CSV) Source data for ‘By ethnicity’ (CSV)

Summary of English Baccalaureate entry By ethnicity Summary

This data shows that:

  • in 2017/18, 38.4% of pupils in state-funded schools were entered for the English Baccalaureate (EBacc), which is made up of 5 GCSEs: English, Maths, Science, a language, and either History or Geography
  • out of the 6 broad ethnic groups, pupils from the Chinese ethnic group were the most likely to be entered for the EBacc (63.6%)
  • White pupils were the least likely to be entered for the EBacc (36.0%)
  • out of the 18 specific ethnic groups, the pupils who were most likely to be entered for the EBacc were in the Chinese (63.6%) and Indian (57.0%) ethnic groups
  • the pupils who were least like to be entered for the EBacc were those in the Gypsy/Roma (8.9%) and Traveller of Irish Heritage (9.9%) specific ethnic groups

3. By ethnicity and eligibility for free school meals

Percentage of pupils entering the English Baccalaureate by ethnicity and eligibility for free school meals
Free school meals No free school meals
Ethnicity Free school meals % Free school meals Pupils No free school meals % No free school meals Pupils
All 23.6 66,365 40.5 457,261
Asian 38.5 8,610 50.3 47,127
Bangladeshi 41.1 2,256 47.8 7,128
Indian 42.0 957 58.0 13,618
Pakistani 35.0 4,364 43.4 18,476
Asian other 44.1 1,033 55.4 7,905
Black 37.2 5,912 46.9 23,037
Black African 42.4 3,639 50.7 14,719
Black Caribbean 26.3 1,531 38.9 5,402
Black other 34.2 742 42.7 2,916
Chinese 48.6 107 64.5 1,768
Mixed 26.1 4,396 45.3 20,250
Mixed White/Asian 28.2 709 51.3 4,828
Mixed White/Black African 29.7 558 45.7 2,378
Mixed White/Black Caribbean 19.2 1,614 33.9 5,479
Mixed other 31.1 1,515 49.5 7,565
White 17.6 44,327 38.3 352,353
White British 16.4 41,457 37.5 326,223
White Irish 22.9 188 49.0 1,458
Gypsy/Roma 6.4 344 10.0 763
Irish Traveller 6.0 67 15.9 44
White other 41.8 2,271 50.0 23,865
Other 45.2 1,980 51.5 6,593
Unknown 20.3 1,033 33.0 6,133

Download table data for ‘By ethnicity and eligibility for free school meals’ (CSV) Source data for ‘By ethnicity and eligibility for free school meals’ (CSV)

Summary of English Baccalaureate entry By ethnicity and eligibility for free school meals Summary

Eligibility for free school meals (FSM) is used as an indicator of deprivation by the Department for Education.

The data shows that:

  • the percentage of pupils entered for the English Baccalaureate (EBacc) was lower for those eligible for FSM (23.6%) than for all other pupils (40.5%)
  • out of pupils eligible for FSM, those from the Chinese ethnic group were most likely to be entered for the EBacc (at 48.6%), and Traveller of Irish Heritage pupils were the least likely (at 6.0%)
  • the biggest gap between FSM-eligible and non-eligible pupils was found in the White Irish ethnic group, where 22.9% of FSM-eligible pupils and 49.0% of non-eligible pupils were entered for the EBacc

4. By ethnicity and area

Percentage of pupils entering the English Baccalaureate by ethnicity and area
All Asian Black Chinese Mixed White
Geography All % All Pupils Asian % Asian Pupils Black % Black Pupils Chinese % Chinese Pupils Mixed % Mixed Pupils White % White Pupils
All - England 38.5 521,202 48.8 55,183 45.2 28,609 64.0 1,856 42.0 24,531 36.1 395,716
Barking and Dagenham 37.8 2,199 36.7 449 43.9 619 100.0 2 32.3 127 34.6 921
Barnet 60.9 3,810 78.0 532 47.5 497 81.8 44 61.4 409 59.7 1,914
Barnsley 27.4 2,011 25.0 8 14.3 14 N/A* 0 42.9 35 27.2 1,940
Bath and North East Somerset 51.7 2,074 69.6 23 54.2 24 80.0 5 51.1 94 52.7 1,868
Bedford 31.9 1,832 27.1 269 33.0 91 0.0 1 21.7 152 33.7 1,281
Bexley 42.6 3,032 63.8 232 59.4 620 69.7 33 36.1 194 34.9 1,901
Birmingham 40.0 12,166 44.0 5,017 37.2 1,489 83.3 42 36.6 864 36.4 3,992
Blackburn with Darwen 35.7 1,830 55.7 838 30.8 13 66.7 3 42.2 45 16.8 913
Blackpool 15.1 1,136 22.7 22 20.0 5 0.0 3 4.3 23 15.1 1,078
Bolton 33.1 3,251 55.0 698 37.0 146 60.0 5 36.7 109 25.6 2,238
Bournemouth 44.6 1,512 63.4 41 71.4 7 71.4 14 51.4 74 43.0 1,328
Bracknell Forest 34.3 1,043 45.8 59 28.6 21 0.0 1 46.3 41 32.8 911
Bradford 37.8 5,941 43.5 2,727 33.7 104 66.7 3 29.9 244 33.3 2,715
Brent 63.5 2,858 67.8 897 57.2 675 100.0 3 61.8 178 61.5 494
Brighton and Hove 36.4 2,169 49.1 57 50.0 58 61.5 13 41.9 191 34.0 1,775
Bristol, City of 37.2 3,109 47.5 261 44.9 345 46.2 13 39.5 248 33.9 2,167
Bromley 53.7 3,214 72.3 166 56.5 306 66.7 33 50.2 269 54.1 2,270
Buckinghamshire 39.5 5,665 39.4 1,021 35.3 187 55.6 18 42.2 327 39.4 4,015
Bury 50.6 2,113 62.9 307 60.9 46 75.0 8 49.5 97 47.4 1,618
Calderdale 31.2 2,410 30.2 384 53.8 26 50.0 4 42.5 73 30.6 1,909
Cambridgeshire 37.4 5,491 47.1 157 37.7 61 75.0 24 49.8 227 36.5 4,858
Camden 49.3 1,533 42.3 274 46.1 358 36.4 11 45.3 181 53.7 546
Central Bedfordshire 33.4 2,579 38.0 50 41.1 56 55.6 9 31.6 114 33.1 2,301
Cheshire East 31.9 3,537 42.6 61 50.0 12 62.5 8 32.9 85 31.6 3,328
Cheshire West and Chester 44.3 3,298 56.7 30 58.3 12 70.0 10 44.1 59 44.0 3,161
City of London N/A* 0 N/A* 0 N/A* 0 N/A* 0 N/A* 0 N/A* 0
Cornwall 30.6 5,117 43.8 16 20.0 5 16.7 6 36.6 82 30.5 4,940
County Durham 33.8 4,614 43.8 32 45.5 11 66.7 6 46.9 49 34.0 4,434
Coventry 38.9 3,377 52.4 687 51.0 335 50.0 6 37.0 192 32.5 2,105
Croydon 45.5 3,452 46.8 472 44.8 998 69.2 13 49.9 499 46.1 1,268
Cumbria 33.8 4,689 53.3 30 33.3 15 46.7 15 42.4 59 33.7 4,407
Darlington 44.6 1,097 43.8 32 60.0 5 50.0 4 56.3 32 43.9 1,008
Derby 41.0 2,747 59.8 487 35.4 96 58.3 12 32.2 174 37.5 1,925
Derbyshire 32.1 7,069 42.9 70 63.0 27 41.7 12 33.9 171 31.9 6,739
Devon 37.5 6,559 69.6 23 40.0 5 61.5 13 33.9 109 37.5 6,179
Doncaster 19.0 2,903 27.4 95 18.5 27 40.0 5 20.6 68 18.5 2,677
Dorset 41.6 3,989 60.7 28 28.6 7 41.7 12 58.2 79 41.1 3,827
Dudley 34.9 3,283 39.1 302 35.4 82 100.0 4 42.5 181 33.6 2,643
Ealing 54.3 2,853 42.7 824 45.6 563 81.8 11 64.4 222 65.4 837
East Riding of Yorkshire 31.7 3,151 71.4 7 33.3 3 0.0 3 32.8 58 31.7 3,032
East Sussex 29.1 4,665 60.0 80 36.0 25 66.7 12 31.1 183 28.4 4,274
Enfield 52.7 3,414 73.2 299 46.8 852 100.0 17 52.1 336 50.1 1,619
Essex 32.9 14,040 59.5 380 45.7 440 63.4 41 37.7 546 31.2 12,382
Gateshead 38.4 1,885 65.9 44 42.9 21 100.0 5 60.0 20 36.9 1,729
Gloucestershire 34.7 6,006 54.5 176 38.0 71 66.7 15 38.5 231 33.7 5,417
Greenwich 50.9 2,269 55.8 197 55.8 747 62.5 16 51.1 227 45.5 1,011
Hackney 55.6 2,058 56.2 258 55.7 758 77.8 9 50.0 172 55.8 713
Halton 45.8 1,333 50.0 4 N/A* 0 0.0 1 80.6 31 44.8 1,281
Hammersmith and Fulham 64.6 1,291 57.9 114 57.1 315 58.3 12 68.3 126 72.3 567
Hampshire 35.3 12,497 50.8 319 43.9 123 54.1 37 45.5 323 34.2 11,536
Haringey 44.2 2,190 49.4 158 33.2 566 55.6 9 44.6 222 48.6 1,021
Harrow 59.9 2,044 65.5 912 57.6 311 50.0 8 62.9 167 49.7 507
Hartlepool 26.9 1,016 60.0 25 50.0 4 100.0 1 17.6 17 26.1 966
Havering 49.1 2,774 60.3 146 47.0 366 85.7 7 49.0 143 48.4 2,025
Herefordshire, County of 40.3 1,644 85.7 7 0.0 3 50.0 2 51.4 37 39.9 1,580
Hertfordshire 46.7 12,372 61.6 947 49.6 532 58.5 65 50.9 797 44.7 9,820
Hillingdon 45.7 3,064 62.1 715 39.1 345 75.0 4 44.8 339 36.5 1,410
Hounslow 62.2 2,666 72.3 805 61.6 346 100.0 3 60.8 237 56.4 915
Isle of Wight 23.7 1,070 20.0 5 50.0 2 N/A* 0 46.7 15 23.4 1,042
Isles of Scilly 53.3 15 N/A* 0 N/A* 0 N/A* 0 0.0 1 53.8 13
Islington 40.1 1,404 30.2 179 38.9 406 66.7 9 39.8 181 41.7 484
Kensington and Chelsea 24.8 718 29.3 41 24.0 121 50.0 2 22.7 119 28.1 260
Kent 40.7 15,516 59.2 581 53.4 393 75.4 57 49.2 716 38.9 13,479
Kingston upon Hull, City of 48.4 2,307 58.8 34 61.1 36 100.0 2 58.2 55 50.1 2,036
Kingston upon Thames 62.8 1,515 79.9 384 50.0 76 83.3 12 58.2 134 56.1 841
Kirklees 41.6 4,488 50.3 1,235 26.3 80 73.3 15 29.9 254 39.2 2,861
Knowsley 31.1 929 25.0 4 0.0 2 0.0 1 41.7 12 31.2 900
Lambeth 53.5 2,114 56.3 96 52.5 1,012 75.0 16 49.2 258 57.8 540
Lancashire 29.7 11,631 34.2 1,347 26.8 41 66.7 36 32.9 258 28.9 9,797
Leeds 37.3 7,598 47.0 956 49.4 476 73.7 38 41.2 369 35.7 5,344
Leicester 30.7 3,511 40.6 1,719 34.5 365 14.3 7 21.4 229 16.0 1,108
Leicestershire 34.6 6,837 54.3 547 44.9 78 58.3 12 37.3 260 32.4 5,877
Lewisham 43.7 2,104 44.8 125 40.6 902 36.0 25 44.4 297 46.8 596
Lincludingolnshire 40.9 7,255 85.0 80 67.7 31 68.0 25 53.1 162 40.0 6,878
Liverpool 34.2 4,461 57.8 128 31.5 181 50.0 44 33.8 228 33.4 3,748
Luton 30.2 2,567 38.7 1,177 24.5 282 75.0 8 26.2 183 21.0 863
Manchester 33.5 4,734 42.9 1,068 35.5 815 46.7 45 34.4 375 27.0 2,081
Medway 40.7 2,899 59.0 156 54.0 124 71.4 7 41.9 136 38.8 2,424
Merton 49.3 1,404 56.5 232 45.6 261 60.0 10 40.3 149 49.5 677
Middlesbrough 22.4 1,337 29.4 177 38.9 18 0.0 2 20.5 44 21.4 1,021
Milton Keynes 44.9 2,774 55.8 240 54.3 376 54.5 11 42.2 192 41.6 1,892
Newcastle upon Tyne 41.1 2,438 56.3 268 56.0 91 68.8 16 71.4 77 36.7 1,906
Newham 64.9 3,745 71.4 1,710 65.5 890 66.7 9 60.5 210 48.1 657
Norfolk 33.8 7,486 54.3 94 40.9 88 61.1 18 38.1 181 33.3 6,995
North East Lincludingolnshire 32.9 1,558 40.0 15 33.3 3 50.0 2 47.8 23 35.6 1,360
North Lincludingolnshire 30.2 1,680 31.4 70 30.0 10 33.3 3 36.0 25 30.2 1,526
North Somerset 32.0 2,085 25.0 32 26.7 15 75.0 4 42.6 54 31.8 1,970
North Tyneside 37.3 1,879 52.9 34 44.4 9 0.0 5 46.7 30 36.9 1,782
North Yorkshire 39.8 5,971 53.2 111 58.3 24 80.0 5 50.9 110 39.2 5,654
Northamptonshire 38.3 7,323 47.2 343 35.9 334 57.1 28 36.0 333 37.8 6,196
Northumberland 29.7 3,056 51.2 41 16.7 6 0.0 3 35.9 39 29.6 2,933
Nottingham 29.3 2,539 44.5 467 31.2 285 45.5 11 26.7 240 23.0 1,441
Nottinghamshire 36.1 7,494 51.6 213 41.1 90 62.5 24 35.0 277 35.4 6,792
Oldham 23.5 2,957 14.7 894 45.9 85 57.1 7 25.2 107 26.7 1,781
Oxfordshire 34.0 5,886 25.9 293 27.8 126 72.0 25 31.5 324 35.2 4,944
Peterborough 35.3 2,305 37.5 365 43.8 80 85.7 7 36.2 130 34.0 1,679
Plymouth 40.4 2,480 70.0 20 53.3 15 53.8 13 29.8 47 39.9 2,339
Poole 39.7 1,306 50.0 38 25.0 4 57.1 7 49.1 53 39.1 1,188
Portsmouth 45.0 1,686 54.2 96 44.4 45 80.0 5 36.1 61 44.1 1,437
Reading 38.5 1,076 51.7 211 20.7 87 90.0 20 36.3 91 34.6 621
Redbridge 43.8 3,508 52.8 1,858 31.4 507 83.3 24 35.1 231 32.4 797
Redcar and Cleveland 22.7 1,517 15.4 26 50.0 2 33.3 3 37.5 16 22.5 1,459
Richmond upon Thames 54.5 1,479 63.1 111 40.3 62 66.7 6 53.8 145 54.4 1,110
Rochdale 20.6 2,231 26.3 617 22.7 66 25.0 8 25.7 74 17.5 1,430
Rotherham 23.8 3,141 12.5 272 35.7 28 62.5 8 22.1 68 24.8 2,739
Rutland 27.2 459 75.0 4 25.0 4 N/A* 0 50.0 10 26.4 439
Salford 32.4 2,082 57.1 42 46.7 90 40.0 5 38.4 99 30.1 1,786
Sandwell 20.8 3,634 23.7 1,066 18.9 318 25.0 4 18.7 241 19.9 1,896
Sefton 33.8 2,855 36.4 33 57.1 14 66.7 6 38.3 60 34.1 2,662
Sheffield 35.7 4,993 46.2 550 40.0 230 63.2 19 31.0 294 33.1 3,683
Shropshire 37.1 2,850 32.1 28 50.0 8 45.5 11 34.5 58 37.2 2,695
Slough 41.5 1,679 43.4 891 38.8 139 50.0 6 46.6 133 37.1 429
Solihull 37.7 2,917 50.8 319 31.8 88 71.4 7 30.7 218 36.3 2,204
Somerset 31.9 4,606 23.8 42 30.0 10 66.7 9 32.1 84 31.9 4,421
South Gloucestershire 29.8 2,498 37.3 75 17.9 39 60.0 5 33.3 99 29.6 2,251
South Tyneside 26.1 1,462 51.7 58 42.9 7 0.0 1 60.0 25 24.7 1,324
Southampton 33.9 1,893 32.5 203 35.4 48 83.3 6 34.0 103 33.8 1,511
Southend-on-Sea 43.8 2,019 64.5 200 63.9 133 69.2 13 34.9 83 39.8 1,565
Southwark 61.7 2,386 68.1 138 56.0 1,064 86.7 30 65.8 260 62.9 645
St. Helens 37.8 1,732 42.9 14 33.3 6 66.7 3 41.4 29 38.6 1,634
Staffordshire 33.9 8,288 36.9 287 37.2 43 68.4 19 31.4 229 33.6 7,642
Stockport 40.6 2,571 50.3 151 37.0 27 62.5 16 43.5 108 39.7 2,239
Stockton-on-Tees 38.9 1,929 50.4 117 46.7 15 40.0 5 39.0 41 38.1 1,739
Stoke-on-Trent 27.2 2,168 31.8 355 28.8 66 60.0 5 35.0 80 25.7 1,636
Suffolk 31.0 6,775 39.7 116 27.3 55 66.7 6 31.2 263 30.8 6,206
Sunderland 41.9 2,608 74.0 96 64.3 14 50.0 4 45.5 33 40.4 2,446
Surrey 45.6 9,841 52.5 604 43.1 195 54.8 31 49.7 495 44.7 8,356
Sutton 54.8 2,719 75.9 636 55.4 224 80.0 40 56.7 238 44.7 1,519
Swindon 32.1 2,029 27.7 238 35.0 40 100.0 2 32.6 92 32.3 1,605
Tameside 31.3 2,512 23.2 302 31.0 42 57.1 7 26.1 88 32.8 2,053
Telford and Wrekin 44.9 1,934 55.1 127 58.8 51 90.9 11 37.5 80 43.8 1,654
Thurrock 41.4 1,634 67.6 71 50.0 162 66.7 12 41.4 70 39.2 1,271
Torbay 28.2 1,409 61.1 18 0.0 3 85.7 7 45.5 33 28.5 1,267
Tower Hamlets 46.4 2,721 54.5 1,865 31.8 302 25.0 4 29.7 111 26.4 299
Trafford 52.7 2,850 56.8 377 48.4 95 75.6 41 50.8 185 51.6 2,079
Wakefield 28.2 3,406 37.6 125 37.0 46 50.0 10 38.0 79 27.2 3,123
Walsall 35.0 3,233 48.6 716 40.0 160 50.0 4 30.0 180 30.4 2,142
Waltham Forest 48.3 2,484 49.7 743 45.2 546 69.2 13 48.1 237 49.3 840
Wandsworth 58.4 1,707 66.8 334 51.8 475 85.7 7 66.5 224 54.3 565
Warrington 33.4 2,365 56.9 51 21.4 14 60.0 10 38.2 68 32.8 2,184
Warwickshire 38.2 5,466 62.1 293 41.5 41 55.6 18 44.4 205 36.5 4,809
West Berkshire 46.4 1,741 45.8 48 37.9 29 66.7 3 45.6 68 47.2 1,562
West Sussex 36.7 7,578 46.4 330 32.2 115 45.5 22 34.3 286 36.4 6,736
Westminster 50.8 1,495 47.7 216 40.8 353 73.3 15 45.1 133 62.0 371
Wigan 24.2 3,221 51.7 29 31.3 32 25.0 8 12.7 55 24.0 3,070
Wiltshire 32.7 4,631 39.3 56 35.6 45 58.3 12 40.5 121 32.9 4,241
Windsor and Maidenhead 49.0 1,489 52.1 192 61.3 31 80.0 5 52.9 121 47.6 1,090
Wirral 49.5 3,237 72.9 59 33.3 6 75.0 16 61.2 85 48.7 3,035
Wokingham 51.4 1,636 58.4 185 50.9 57 57.1 14 47.2 89 50.6 1,253
Wolverhampton 27.2 2,612 45.3 578 26.3 266 42.9 7 20.8 269 21.4 1,454
Worcestershire 41.6 5,273 31.1 196 41.7 24 61.5 13 43.7 167 42.2 4,830
York 51.5 1,620 46.4 28 36.4 11 66.7 3 50.0 40 51.5 1,521

Download table data for ‘By ethnicity and area’ (CSV) Source data for ‘By ethnicity and area’ (CSV)

Summary of English Baccalaureate entry By ethnicity and area Summary

The summary below only includes figures that are based on high enough pupil numbers to make reliable generalisations.

The data shows that:

  • out of all local authorities, Newham had the highest percentage of pupils being entered for the English Baccalaureate (EBacc) at 64.9% and Blackpool had the lowest percentage of pupils at 15.1%

5. By ethnicity and gender

Percentage of pupils being entered for the English Baccalaureate by ethnicity and gender
All Boys Girls
Ethnicity All % All Pupils Boys % Boys Pupils Girls % Girls Pupils
All 38.4 523,626 32.8 266,906 44.2 256,720
Asian 48.5 55,737 42.0 28,532 55.3 27,205
Bangladeshi 46.2 9,384 41.9 4,620 50.3 4,764
Indian 57.0 14,575 50.7 7,452 63.6 7,123
Pakistani 41.8 22,840 34.1 11,636 49.8 11,204
Asian other 54.1 8,938 47.6 4,824 61.7 4,114
Black 45.0 28,949 37.8 14,334 52.0 14,615
Black African 49.1 18,358 42.2 9,143 55.9 9,215
Black Caribbean 36.1 6,933 28.0 3,355 43.8 3,578
Black other 41.0 3,658 33.5 1,836 48.6 1,822
Chinese 63.6 1,875 58.6 903 68.2 972
Mixed 41.8 24,646 36.3 12,447 47.5 12,199
Mixed White/Asian 48.4 5,537 43.2 2,793 53.6 2,744
Mixed White/Black African 42.7 2,936 35.6 1,474 49.8 1,462
Mixed White/Black Caribbean 30.5 7,093 25.0 3,550 36.1 3,543
Mixed other 46.4 9,080 41.0 4,630 52.1 4,450
White 36.0 396,680 30.6 202,483 41.6 194,197
White British 35.1 367,680 29.7 187,806 40.8 179,874
White Irish 46.1 1,646 42.3 832 49.9 814
Gypsy/Roma 8.9 1,107 5.8 517 11.5 590
Irish Traveller 9.9 111 3.6 55 16.1 56
White other 49.3 26,136 44.2 13,273 54.6 12,863
Other 50.0 8,573 45.0 4,462 55.5 4,111
Unknown 31.2 7,166 27.2 3,745 35.6 3,421

Download table data for ‘By ethnicity and gender’ (CSV) Source data for ‘By ethnicity and gender’ (CSV)

Summary of English Baccalaureate entry By ethnicity and gender Summary

The data shows that:

  • the percentage of pupils being entered for the English Baccalaureate (EBacc) was higher for girls (44.2%) than for boys (32.8%)
  • in every ethnic group, a higher percentage of girls than boys was entered for the EBacc
  • out of the 6 broad ethnic groups, girls from the Chinese ethnic group had the highest percentage of pupils being entered for the EBacc (at 68.2%) and White boys had the lowest (at 30.6%)
  • out of the 18 specific ethnic groups, Irish Traveller boys had the lowest percentage being entered for the EBacc (at 3.6%)
  • the biggest gap between girls and boys was in the Black Caribbean ethnic group, where 43.8% of girls and 28.0% of boys were entered for the EBacc

6. By ethnicity, gender and eligibility for free school meals

Percentage of pupils entering the English Baccalaureate by ethnicity, gender and eligibility for free school meals
Boys: free school meals Boys: no free school meals Girls: free school meals Girls: no free school meals
Ethnicity Boys: free school meals % Boys: free school meals Pupils Boys: no free school meals % Boys: no free school meals Pupils Girls: free school meals % Girls: free school meals Pupils Girls: no free school meals % Girls: no free school meals Pupils
All 19.0 33,697 34.8 233,209 28.3 32,668 46.5 224,052
Asian 31.8 4,331 43.8 24,201 45.3 4,279 57.2 22,926
Bangladeshi 37.0 1,093 43.5 3,527 45.1 1,163 52.0 3,601
Indian 36.5 457 51.6 6,995 47.0 500 64.9 6,623
Pakistani 27.3 2,225 35.7 9,411 43.1 2,139 51.3 9,065
Asian other 35.8 556 49.2 4,268 53.9 477 62.7 3,637
Black 29.2 2,880 39.9 11,454 44.8 3,032 53.9 11,583
Black African 34.1 1,774 44.2 7,369 50.3 1,865 57.3 7,350
Black Caribbean 18.5 734 30.6 2,621 33.5 797 46.8 2,781
Black other 27.2 372 35.1 1,464 41.4 370 50.4 1,452
Chinese 40.9 44 59.5 859 54.0 63 69.2 909
Mixed 21.1 2,213 39.6 10,234 31.2 2,183 51.1 10,016
Mixed White/Asian 23.2 357 46.1 2,436 33.2 352 56.6 2,392
Mixed White/Black African 23.4 286 38.6 1,188 36.4 272 52.9 1,190
Mixed White/Black Caribbean 15.0 811 27.9 2,739 23.4 803 39.9 2,740
Mixed other 25.6 759 44.0 3,871 36.6 756 55.3 3,694
White 14.1 22,720 32.7 179,763 21.4 21,607 44.2 172,590
White British 12.9 21,285 31.9 166,521 20.1 20,172 43.4 159,702
White Irish 24.7 93 44.5 739 21.1 95 53.7 719
Gypsy/Roma 2.9 170 7.2 347 9.8 174 12.3 416
Irish Traveller 3.1 32 4.3 23 8.6 35 28.6 21
White other 37.0 1,140 44.8 12,133 46.7 1,131 55.3 11,732
Other 40.7 1,000 46.2 3,462 49.8 980 57.3 3,131
Unknown 16.9 509 28.8 3,236 23.7 524 37.8 2,897

Download table data for ‘By ethnicity, gender and eligibility for free school meals’ (CSV) Source data for ‘By ethnicity, gender and eligibility for free school meals’ (CSV)

Summary of English Baccalaureate entry By ethnicity, gender and eligibility for free school meals Summary

Eligibility for free school meals (FSM) is used as an indicator of deprivation by the Department for Education.

The data shows that:

  • among pupils eligible for free school meals, girls (28.3%) were more likely than boys (19.0%) to be entered for the English Baccalaureate (EBacc)
  • FSM-eligible girls were more likely to be entered for the EBacc than FSM-eligible boys in every ethnic group except White Irish
  • among White British boys, 12.9% of FSM-eligible pupils were entered for the EBacc, compared with 31.9% of those who weren’t eligible
  • among White British girls, 20.1% of FSM-eligible pupils were entered for the EBacc, compared with 43.4% of those who weren’t eligible
  • the biggest gap between FSM-eligible boys and non-eligible boys was found in the Mixed White and Asian ethnic group, where 23.2% of FSM-eligible boys and 46.1% of non-eligible boys were entered for the EBacc
  • the biggest gap between FSM-eligible girls and non-eligible girls was found in the White Irish ethnic group, where 21.1 of FSM-eligible girls and 53.7% of non-eligible girls were entered for the EBacc

7. By ethnicity, gender and area

Percentage of pupils entering the English Baccalaureate by ethnicity, gender and area
All Asian Black Chinese Mixed White
Geography All All All Boys All Girls Asian All Asian Boys Asian Girls Black All Black Boys Black Girls Chinese All Chinese Boys Chinese Girls Mixed All Mixed Boys Mixed Girls White All White Boys White Girls
All - England 38.5 32.9 44.3 48.8 42.4 55.6 45.2 38.0 52.3 64.0 59.2 68.4 42.0 36.4 47.7 36.1 30.7 41.7
Barking and Dagenham 37.8 29.8 46.1 36.7 27.1 46.4 43.9 32.9 55.7 100.0 N/A* 100.0 32.3 28.1 35.7 34.6 28.6 41.2
Barnet 60.9 57.6 64.5 78.0 80.9 75.0 47.5 43.3 52.1 81.8 65.0 95.8 61.4 60.6 62.2 59.7 54.9 64.7
Barnsley 27.4 20.0 34.9 25.0 0.0 50.0 14.3 0.0 33.3 N/A* N/A* N/A* 42.9 43.8 42.1 27.2 19.9 34.6
Bath and North East Somerset 51.7 38.0 65.2 69.6 60.0 76.9 54.2 41.7 66.7 80.0 50.0 100.0 51.1 37.8 63.3 52.7 38.8 66.4
Bedford 31.9 26.4 38.1 27.1 18.9 36.5 33.0 28.6 38.1 0.0 0.0 N/A* 21.7 13.8 32.3 33.7 29.2 38.5
Bexley 42.6 37.3 47.8 63.8 57.1 70.8 59.4 49.1 68.2 69.7 66.7 72.2 36.1 28.7 43.0 34.9 31.9 38.0
Birmingham 40.0 32.5 47.8 44.0 35.8 52.2 37.2 26.9 48.3 83.3 81.8 85.0 36.6 31.1 42.1 36.4 30.5 42.7
Blackburn with Darwen 35.7 33.5 38.1 55.7 52.4 59.3 30.8 25.0 40.0 66.7 N/A* 66.7 42.2 33.3 50.0 16.8 15.9 17.7
Blackpool 15.1 11.4 19.3 22.7 16.7 30.0 20.0 0.0 50.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 4.3 0.0 8.3 15.1 11.6 19.2
Bolton 33.1 24.7 42.1 55.0 41.6 69.6 37.0 34.2 39.7 60.0 N/A* 60.0 36.7 33.3 40.0 25.6 18.3 33.6
Bournemouth 44.6 37.8 51.5 63.4 52.2 77.8 71.4 100.0 50.0 71.4 50.0 87.5 51.4 46.3 57.6 43.0 36.2 49.8
Bracknell Forest 34.3 29.1 39.6 45.8 58.1 32.1 28.6 22.2 33.3 0.0 N/A* 0.0 46.3 50.0 41.2 32.8 25.8 39.8
Bradford 37.8 31.9 43.8 43.5 36.3 50.6 33.7 33.3 34.0 66.7 100.0 50.0 29.9 24.6 36.0 33.3 28.5 38.5
Brent 63.5 58.1 69.3 67.8 61.9 74.2 57.2 50.0 63.8 100.0 100.0 N/A* 61.8 53.6 71.6 61.5 55.2 69.0
Brighton and Hove 36.4 34.2 38.6 49.1 46.4 51.7 50.0 46.2 53.1 61.5 66.7 57.1 41.9 35.1 48.9 34.0 31.8 36.2
Bristol, City of 37.2 28.4 45.6 47.5 36.1 59.4 44.9 35.9 53.7 46.2 0.0 66.7 39.5 28.5 50.4 33.9 25.8 41.5
Bromley 53.7 45.2 62.3 72.3 77.3 68.1 56.5 40.6 68.8 66.7 61.5 70.0 50.2 44.4 55.2 54.1 45.7 63.0
Buckinghamshire 39.5 34.0 45.3 39.4 31.7 47.6 35.3 26.4 43.8 55.6 57.1 54.5 42.2 39.9 44.7 39.4 34.5 44.6
Bury 50.6 46.2 55.3 62.9 58.2 67.5 60.9 62.1 58.8 75.0 75.0 75.0 49.5 45.3 54.5 47.4 42.5 52.6
Calderdale 31.2 27.4 35.1 30.2 24.5 36.4 53.8 36.4 66.7 50.0 66.7 0.0 42.5 47.5 36.4 30.6 26.7 34.5
Cambridgeshire 37.4 32.4 42.7 47.1 40.5 53.0 37.7 38.7 36.7 75.0 75.0 75.0 49.8 45.8 54.1 36.5 31.4 41.9
Camden 49.3 44.8 52.6 42.3 39.7 44.8 46.1 40.7 49.8 36.4 40.0 33.3 45.3 51.5 41.6 53.7 45.6 59.4
Central Bedfordshire 33.4 28.1 38.9 38.0 23.1 54.2 41.1 30.4 48.5 55.6 0.0 100.0 31.6 24.1 38.3 33.1 28.5 37.9
Cheshire East 31.9 24.9 39.2 42.6 32.3 53.3 50.0 16.7 83.3 62.5 50.0 75.0 32.9 28.0 40.0 31.6 24.6 38.7
Cheshire West and Chester 44.3 38.3 50.6 56.7 57.9 54.5 58.3 50.0 66.7 70.0 50.0 100.0 44.1 34.5 53.3 44.0 38.2 50.2
City of London N/A* N/A* N/A* N/A* N/A* N/A* N/A* N/A* N/A* N/A* N/A* N/A* N/A* N/A* N/A* N/A* N/A* N/A*
Cornwall 30.6 24.7 36.6 43.8 33.3 57.1 20.0 0.0 33.3 16.7 0.0 25.0 36.6 28.9 45.9 30.5 24.7 36.4
County Durham 33.8 28.2 39.7 43.8 39.1 55.6 45.5 37.5 66.7 66.7 75.0 50.0 46.9 38.1 53.6 34.0 28.3 39.9
Coventry 38.9 30.8 47.3 52.4 41.6 63.7 51.0 42.4 60.1 50.0 50.0 50.0 37.0 31.0 43.5 32.5 25.2 40.0
Croydon 45.5 38.9 51.7 46.8 41.2 52.6 44.8 36.4 52.6 69.2 50.0 85.7 49.9 45.9 53.4 46.1 39.6 51.8
Cumbria 33.8 28.1 39.7 53.3 42.9 62.5 33.3 38.5 0.0 46.7 44.4 50.0 42.4 33.3 50.0 33.7 27.7 39.9
Darlington 44.6 41.5 48.0 43.8 45.5 42.9 60.0 0.0 100.0 50.0 100.0 33.3 56.3 61.5 52.6 43.9 40.5 47.9
Derby 41.0 36.0 46.4 59.8 59.0 60.5 35.4 23.9 46.0 58.3 37.5 100.0 32.2 27.3 40.6 37.5 32.5 43.0
Derbyshire 32.1 25.7 38.7 42.9 36.6 51.7 63.0 68.8 54.5 41.7 50.0 33.3 33.9 27.9 40.0 31.9 25.3 38.5
Devon 37.5 31.2 44.5 69.6 62.5 73.3 40.0 0.0 66.7 61.5 80.0 50.0 33.9 28.8 40.0 37.5 31.1 44.7
Doncaster 19.0 16.6 21.7 27.4 29.6 24.4 18.5 14.3 23.1 40.0 50.0 33.3 20.6 17.1 25.9 18.5 15.6 21.4
Dorset 41.6 39.2 44.2 60.7 68.8 50.0 28.6 25.0 33.3 41.7 33.3 44.4 58.2 57.7 59.3 41.1 38.5 44.0
Dudley 34.9 28.5 41.8 39.1 31.8 46.1 35.4 37.5 32.4 100.0 100.0 100.0 42.5 38.5 47.1 33.6 26.9 40.7
Ealing 54.3 48.3 60.1 42.7 38.2 46.9 45.6 36.0 55.1 81.8 87.5 66.7 64.4 52.8 75.0 65.4 60.7 70.0
East Riding of Yorkshire 31.7 23.8 39.7 71.4 60.0 100.0 33.3 33.3 N/A* 0.0 0.0 N/A* 32.8 21.9 46.2 31.7 23.8 39.6
East Sussex 29.1 22.7 35.9 60.0 53.3 64.0 36.0 46.7 20.0 66.7 100.0 55.6 31.1 21.3 38.8 28.4 22.2 35.2
Enfield 52.7 47.4 58.2 73.2 66.2 81.0 46.8 40.3 53.6 100.0 100.0 100.0 52.1 44.3 60.6 50.1 46.4 54.0
Essex 32.9 27.4 38.6 59.5 52.8 68.1 45.7 33.2 56.3 63.4 55.0 71.4 37.7 30.2 45.4 31.2 26.2 36.5
Gateshead 38.4 33.4 43.6 65.9 67.7 61.5 42.9 36.4 50.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 60.0 57.1 61.5 36.9 31.5 42.5
Gloucestershire 34.7 30.9 38.7 54.5 45.4 65.8 38.0 42.9 33.3 66.7 50.0 85.7 38.5 36.3 40.7 33.7 29.9 37.7
Greenwich 50.9 49.7 52.2 55.8 58.5 52.7 55.8 55.3 56.3 62.5 70.0 50.0 51.1 42.9 60.2 45.5 44.1 46.9
Hackney 55.6 53.3 57.5 56.2 59.0 53.7 55.7 48.6 60.8 77.8 50.0 100.0 50.0 49.4 50.6 55.8 55.2 56.3
Halton 45.8 42.5 49.1 50.0 50.0 50.0 N/A* N/A* N/A* 0.0 N/A* 0.0 80.6 83.3 76.9 44.8 41.4 48.3
Hammersmith and Fulham 64.6 60.7 68.5 57.9 52.4 64.7 57.1 58.9 55.5 58.3 57.1 60.0 68.3 59.6 75.4 72.3 65.6 79.1
Hampshire 35.3 30.9 39.9 50.8 44.8 57.8 43.9 38.1 50.0 54.1 55.6 52.6 45.5 39.6 51.2 34.2 30.0 38.7
Haringey 44.2 38.4 50.0 49.4 40.0 57.8 33.2 28.1 39.0 55.6 60.0 50.0 44.6 35.8 53.1 48.6 44.4 52.7
Harrow 59.9 52.6 66.9 65.5 57.5 73.7 57.6 47.1 65.9 50.0 25.0 75.0 62.9 55.3 70.7 49.7 45.2 53.8
Hartlepool 26.9 16.9 36.9 60.0 38.5 83.3 50.0 N/A* 50.0 100.0 N/A* 100.0 17.6 22.2 12.5 26.1 16.3 36.0
Havering 49.1 45.6 52.9 60.3 63.5 56.9 47.0 37.9 55.6 85.7 50.0 100.0 49.0 51.9 45.3 48.4 45.0 52.1
Herefordshire, County of 40.3 33.3 47.7 85.7 100.0 80.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 50.0 50.0 N/A* 51.4 53.8 50.0 39.9 33.3 47.2
Hertfordshire 46.7 42.0 51.6 61.6 58.6 65.0 49.6 42.5 56.5 58.5 50.0 64.9 50.9 47.9 54.1 44.7 39.8 49.7
Hillingdon 45.7 40.6 51.0