1. Main facts and figures

  • in 2015/16, there were 540,689 pupils in key stage 4, and ethnicity was known for 534,918 pupils (99%) of them

  • 79% were White, 10% were Asian, 5% were Black, 4% were Mixed, 1.5% came from the Other ethnic group and 0.4% were Chinese

  • 40% of pupils in state-funded mainstream schools entered the EBacc in 2015/16

  • 63% of Chinese pupils entered the EBacc, the highest percentage of any ethnic group

  • 5% of Gypsy/Roma pupils entered the EBacc, the lowest percentage of any ethnic group

  • across all ethnic groups, girls were more likely to enter the EBacc than boys

  • across all ethnic groups, pupils eligible for free school meals (FSM) were less likely to enter the EBacc than those not eligible

Things you need to know

Please be aware that some of the statistics quoted here for some ethnic groups are based on very small numbers of pupils (for example, only 130 Chinese children were eligible for free school meals in 2015/16) and are highly variable over time.

Attainment is lower for children from a Traveller of Irish heritage background – however, there were only 122 pupils from this background in key stage 4 in 2015/16. This was a much smaller number than for other ethnic groups (for example, there were 20,434 Pakistani pupils in key stage 4). Therefore, data comparisons between Traveller of Irish Heritage pupils and other ethnic groups may be unreliable.

The ethnicity of 1.1% of pupils (5,771) is not known. This includes pupils whose ethnicity was not surveyed, pupils who refused to be surveyed, and pupils whose ethnicity could not be determined.

The Department of Education (DfE) has excluded, or ‘suppressed’, very small numbers (for example, values of 1 or 2, a percentage based on 1 or 2 pupils who achieved, or 0, 1 or 2 pupils who did not achieve a particular level).

This is because, where the size of the ethnic group population is small enough that an individual’s identity could be revealed, information is suppressed to preserve confidentiality. This is consistent with DfE’s statistical policy statement on confidentiality (PDF).

Data for some Muslim and Sikh schools was not included in the statistics for faith schools, because the small numbers of pupils make it impossible to draw meaningful conclusions about their attainment. Data for faith schools is also only provided for pupils in state-funded mainstream schools.

Schools can ask for a pupil to be removed from their performance results if the pupil:

  • arrived recently from overseas their first language isn’t English
  • was admitted following a permanent exclusion from another school
  • is not at the end of key stage 4
  • has left England to live abroad
  • has died

Pupils removed from a school’s performance results may still be included in the national figures.

Any unapproved qualifications, such as unregulated international GCSEs, are not included in this data. Therefore, this data does not represent all qualifications taken by pupils, but only those that are approved by the English Baccalaureate (EBacc) and count towards the secondary school performance tables. The figures vary between ‘all schools’ and ‘state schools’ mainly due to the impact of unregulated international GCSEs taken in independent schools.

In the published ‘statistical first release’ (SFR) for EBacc entry, the Department of Education (DfE) has ‘suppressed’ very small numbers (for example, values of 1 or 2, a percentage based on 1 or 2 pupils who achieved, or 0, 1 or 2 pupils who did not achieve a particular level).

What the data measures

This data measures the number of pupils entering the English Baccalaureate (EBacc) by ethnic group. It also shows each ethnic group’s share of all EBacc entry, by percentage.

The data covers the academic year 2015/16 (September 2015 to July 2016).

Key stage 4 covers school years 10 and 11, when children are aged 14 to 16.

The EBacc is a school performance measure. It allows people to see how many pupils get a grade C or above in the core academic subjects (English, Maths, Science, a language, and History or Geography) at key stage 4 in any government-funded school. It was first introduced into the performance tables in the 2009 academic year.

The ethnic categories used in this data

This data uses categories from the Department for Education’s school census, which is broadly based on the 2001 national Census, with 3 exceptions:

  • Traveller of Irish Heritage and Gypsy/Roma children have been separated into 2 categories
  • Sri Lankan has been added to the Asian/Asian British group but is not reported separately
  • Chinese pupils have been assigned a separate category

These changes were made after consultations with local authorities and lobby groups.

The categories in the school census are as follows:

White:

  • White British
  • White Irish
  • Traveller of Irish Heritage
  • Gypsy/Roma
  • Other White

Mixed/Multiple ethnic groups:

  • White and Black Caribbean
  • White and Black African
  • White and Asian
  • Other Mixed background

Asian/Asian British:

  • Indian
  • Pakistani
  • Bangladeshi
  • Sri Lankan
  • Other Asian background

Black/African/Caribbean/Black British:

  • Black African
  • Black Caribbean
  • Other Black background
  • Chinese
  • Other ethnic group

Information is provided for both detailed and broad ethnic groups where possible and when the data is available.

The 6 broad categories used are as follows:

  • Asian/Asian British
  • Black/African/Caribbean/Black British
  • Chinese
  • Mixed/Multiple ethnic groups
  • White
  • Other ethnic group

However, local authority data is only provided for 5 broad ethnic groups. Information about the specific ethnic categories is excluded to preserve confidentiality and ensure individuals cannot be identified. Information about the Other ethnic group is not given because DfE does not publish data for this group at the local authority level.

The 5 broad categories are as follows:

  • Asian/Asian British
  • Black/African/Caribbean/Black British
  • Chinese
  • Mixed/Multiple ethnic groups
  • White

2. By ethnicity

Percentage of pupils entering EBacc by ethnicity
Ethnicity % Pupils
All 40 540,689
Asian 47 51,218
Bangladeshi 46 8,319
Indian 56 14,046
Pakistani 39 20,434
Asian other 53 8,419
Black 43 27,924
Black African 47 17,349
Black Caribbean 36 7,216
Black other 40 3,359
Chinese 63 2,026
Mixed 42 22,868
Mixed White/Asian 50 5,089
Mixed White/Black African 42 2,687
Mixed White/Black Caribbean 33 7,160
Mixed other 46 7,932
White 38 422,763
White British 38 395,316
White Irish 50 1,774
White Irish Traveller 12 122
White Gypsy/Roma 5 1,107
White other 45 24,444
Other 49 8,119
Unknown 34 5,771

Download table data (CSV) Source data (CSV)

Summary

The data shows that:

  • in 2015/16, 40% of all pupils entered the EBacc, making this the national average

  • 63% of Chinese pupils entered the EBacc – the highest percentage of any group

  • Gypsy/Roma pupils had the lowest percentage entering the EBacc (5%), followed by pupils from a Traveller of Irish heritage background (12%)

  • other groups below the national average were Mixed White and Black Caribbean, Black Caribbean, White British, and Pakistani pupils

3. By ethnicity and eligibility for free school meals

Percentage of pupils entering EBacc by ethnicity and eligibility for free school meals (FSM)
FSM Non-FSM
Ethnicity % Pupils % Pupils
All 23 72,528 42 468,161
Asian 36 9,018 50 42,200
Bangladeshi 42 2,461 48 5,858
Indian 41 1,042 57 13,004
Pakistani 31 4,536 41 15,898
Asian other 41 979 55 7,440
Black 35 6,544 46 21,380
Black African 39 4,086 49 13,263
Black Caribbean 26 1,689 39 5,527
Black other 31 769 42 2,590
Chinese 55 130 63 1,896
Mixed 27 4,240 46 18,628
Mixed White/Asian 28 732 54 4,357
Mixed White/Black African 32 529 45 2,158
Mixed White/Black Caribbean 21 1,620 37 5,540
Mixed other 32 1,359 49 6,573
White 18 49,595 41 373,168
White British 17 46,438 41 348,878
White Irish 24 213 53 1,561
White Irish Traveller 10 73 16 49
White Gypsy/Roma 5 330 5 777
White other 36 2,541 47 21,903
Other 42 2,024 51 6,095
Unknown 21 977 37 4,794

Download table data (CSV) Source data (CSV)

Summary

Eligibility for free school meals (FSM) is used as an indicator of deprivation by the Department for Education. For more about who qualifies for FSM, see the Methodology section.

The data shows that:

  • In 2015/16, there were 72,528 pupils in key stage 4 who were eligible for free school meals (13%)

  • the breakdown of pupils eligible for FSM was: 11% of White pupils, 19% of Mixed ethnic pupils, 18% of Asian pupils, 23% of Black pupils, 4% of Chinese pupils, and 25% of pupils from any other ethnic background

  • overall, the percentage of pupils entering the EBacc was lower for those eligible for FSM than for all other pupils: 23% of FSM-eligible pupils did so compared with 42% of those not eligible

  • Chinese pupils had the highest percentage of FSM-eligible pupils entering the EBacc (at 55%), and Gypsy/Roma pupils had the lowest (at 5%)

  • Irish pupils saw the largest difference between the groups, at 29 percentage points, with 24% of FSM-eligible pupils entering compared to 53% of all other Irish pupils

4. By ethnicity and area

Percentage of pupils entering the EBacc by ethnicity and area
Local authority All White Mixed Asian Black Chinese
% % % % % %
England 39.8 38.3 42.4 47.7 43.4 63.7
County Durham 41.7 41.5 61.9 75.8 50.0 withheld to protect confidentiality
Darlington 38.2 37.8 46.7 42.9 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality
Gateshead 40.5 39.7 50.0 60.0 35.7 withheld to protect confidentiality
Hartlepool 36.1 35.6 50.0 64.3 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality
Middlesbrough 20.2 20.3 24.5 21.5 26.7 N/A*
Newcastle upon Tyne 36.1 34.2 52.3 44.6 35.0 69.2
North Tyneside 37.8 37.0 51.4 44.7 72.7 66.7
Northumberland 32.2 32.0 33.3 50.0 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality
Redcar and Cleveland 29.2 28.8 45.0 42.9 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality
South Tyneside 34.7 34.0 35.3 49.1 withheld to protect confidentiality N/A*
Stockton-on-Tees 40.2 39.8 44.0 42.5 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality
Sunderland 36.9 36.0 55.6 56.7 62.5 100.0
Blackburn with Darwen 35.1 25.5 32.8 47.5 20.0 withheld to protect confidentiality
Blackpool 18.5 18.3 16.7 31.6 33.3 withheld to protect confidentiality
Bolton 32.7 26.1 30.7 57.6 37.9 57.1
Bury 48.3 48.3 48.5 48.4 50.0 withheld to protect confidentiality
Cheshire East 38.5 38.7 35.5 38.7 withheld to protect confidentiality 60.0
Cheshire West and Chester 47.1 47.2 50.0 37.8 41.7 62.5
Cumbria 36.6 36.5 43.4 38.7 46.2 66.7
Halton 57.5 57.2 68.0 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality N/A*
Knowsley 23.6 23.1 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality
Lancashire 33.4 33.1 33.9 35.7 31.6 40.6
Liverpool 40.0 40.2 26.6 60.6 42.3 64.4
Manchester 35.5 32.7 29.7 44.3 32.4 51.2
Oldham 24.8 26.8 17.8 22.0 14.9 42.9
Rochdale 26.3 21.7 33.7 36.5 36.5 withheld to protect confidentiality
Salford 45.6 45.0 46.3 55.3 47.4 withheld to protect confidentiality
Sefton 42.6 43.4 36.7 52.2 60.0 withheld to protect confidentiality
St. Helens 36.5 37.4 withheld to protect confidentiality 50.0 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality
Stockport 46.1 45.6 47.6 56.5 38.1 50.0
Tameside 31.0 30.7 28.4 34.8 28.6 41.7
Trafford 46.7 46.4 50.0 45.6 36.0 71.4
Warrington 37.5 37.1 34.3 53.1 42.9 50.0
Wigan 33.6 33.3 36.4 30.0 68.8 withheld to protect confidentiality
Wirral 49.7 49.1 52.2 67.2 withheld to protect confidentiality 78.6
Barnsley 28.6 28.5 40.0 withheld to protect confidentiality 33.3 N/A*
Bradford 32.2 31.3 31.7 33.6 30.9 withheld to protect confidentiality
Calderdale 35.1 35.5 29.0 34.7 40.0 withheld to protect confidentiality
Doncaster 27.4 27.2 29.5 28.6 42.9 60.0
East Riding of Yorkshire 36.9 36.6 28.3 58.3 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality
Kingston upon Hull, City of 40.3 41.5 40.9 64.7 43.5 withheld to protect confidentiality
Kirklees 36.1 35.9 29.8 39.0 25.9 60.0
Leeds 40.8 40.9 40.9 43.1 36.8 50.0
North East Lincolnshire 35.1 35.3 31.6 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality
North Lincolnshire 32.8 32.5 36.8 37.1 36.4 100.0
North Yorkshire 41.1 40.9 42.7 44.1 44.4 61.5
Rotherham 31.2 31.5 37.9 20.8 50.0 withheld to protect confidentiality
Sheffield 39.4 39.0 40.4 39.1 37.7 61.1
Wakefield 33.0 32.8 34.4 39.7 21.1 withheld to protect confidentiality
York 56.3 55.9 66.7 72.7 66.7 66.7
Derby 32.8 30.5 36.1 43.6 22.4 50.0
Derbyshire 31.0 30.8 28.0 38.7 withheld to protect confidentiality 35.7
Leicester 32.2 19.1 28.6 42.6 31.0 withheld to protect confidentiality
Leicestershire 31.5 29.7 35.8 50.5 20.9 54.5
Lincolnshire 43.6 43.0 55.2 withheld to protect confidentiality 44.1 75.8
Northamptonshire 40.5 39.7 39.4 49.1 44.7 70.0
Nottingham 32.2 27.6 37.2 42.0 31.0 withheld to protect confidentiality
Nottinghamshire 40.8 40.1 39.6 56.1 55.1 68.0
Rutland 32.7 32.4 55.6 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality N/A*
Birmingham 41.9 40.0 41.2 43.8 38.8 66.7
Coventry 39.5 35.8 39.2 49.4 46.4 66.7
Dudley 33.1 33.1 27.9 33.9 42.9 withheld to protect confidentiality
Herefordshire, County of 43.1 42.9 52.0 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality
Sandwell 22.3 18.7 21.1 30.0 21.0 withheld to protect confidentiality
Shropshire 38.3 38.3 39.6 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 50.0
Solihull 44.8 44.5 39.2 53.6 44.4 50.0
Staffordshire 34.7 34.7 33.9 35.4 32.4 50.0
Stoke-on-Trent 27.9 26.9 21.7 32.6 37.5 55.6
Telford and Wrekin 46.2 45.9 47.1 49.6 38.9 66.7
Walsall 35.7 33.0 33.5 45.4 37.4 100.0
Warwickshire 42.2 41.4 46.0 54.4 32.0 62.5
Wolverhampton 25.7 22.4 20.2 40.2 19.5 withheld to protect confidentiality
Worcestershire 39.3 39.8 40.2 26.8 20.0 withheld to protect confidentiality
Bedford 31.4 32.9 27.3 26.7 27.5 withheld to protect confidentiality
Cambridgeshire 41.3 40.2 50.0 54.7 35.7 76.7
Central Bedfordshire 36.1 35.0 37.9 58.7 61.4 50.0
Essex 38.0 36.3 47.1 70.9 54.7 62.7
Hertfordshire 46.0 44.7 46.2 55.9 50.6 74.6
Luton 33.4 24.2 25.0 43.2 35.0 withheld to protect confidentiality
Norfolk 35.6 35.4 34.8 51.1 42.6 48.0
Peterborough 37.7 35.8 41.9 42.5 50.7 62.5
Southend-on-Sea 41.6 37.1 44.0 70.4 62.4 68.2
Suffolk 30.2 29.8 33.1 46.1 24.5 withheld to protect confidentiality
Thurrock 41.8 39.6 50.8 55.4 51.2 55.6
Camden 45.9 49.4 42.3 45.2 39.7 withheld to protect confidentiality
City of London N/A* N/A* N/A* N/A* N/A* N/A*
Hackney 52.5 53.3 51.3 61.4 48.7 66.7
Hammersmith and Fulham 64.6 67.9 69.2 65.5 55.3 50.0
Haringey 39.1 40.9 42.7 48.0 30.4 25.0
Islington 44.5 40.3 36.7 49.4 47.3 withheld to protect confidentiality
Kensington and Chelsea 52.4 54.5 54.0 61.5 43.2 withheld to protect confidentiality
Lambeth 50.6 50.3 45.2 59.5 50.9 66.7
Lewisham 42.4 42.1 46.9 57.4 38.0 56.8
Newham 51.5 36.1 49.7 58.5 48.3 45.5
Southwark 57.9 55.2 56.1 66.1 58.2 73.5
Tower Hamlets 46.1 29.4 27.9 52.7 43.6 50.0
Wandsworth 58.4 56.4 55.3 70.0 52.8 78.6
Westminster 48.6 55.9 48.5 45.2 43.5 61.1
Barking and Dagenham 35.2 33.0 24.8 40.7 38.7 withheld to protect confidentiality
Barnet 60.1 56.8 62.5 75.2 54.8 78.3
Bexley 43.5 37.2 42.9 60.9 58.8 72.5
Brent 54.6 48.7 52.5 63.1 44.3 withheld to protect confidentiality
Bromley 50.9 51.7 53.7 66.5 45.2 72.2
Croydon 44.6 44.7 46.7 55.2 43.5 76.2
Ealing 55.4 61.4 59.0 48.5 49.1 100.0
Enfield 54.8 54.0 56.2 70.0 50.1 80.0
Greenwich 47.3 40.6 50.5 60.9 52.2 66.7
Harrow 54.0 47.9 55.8 57.2 53.2 72.7
Havering 48.6 46.8 50.4 62.4 55.5 54.5
Hillingdon 42.2 34.6 40.8 57.5 41.6 41.7
Hounslow 57.2 54.9 65.2 67.7 53.5 withheld to protect confidentiality
Kingston upon Thames 60.7 55.7 64.3 74.6 45.2 69.6
Merton 42.2 44.3 40.0 48.6 31.1 withheld to protect confidentiality
Redbridge 43.0 35.3 37.8 51.3 32.0 70.0
Richmond upon Thames 56.9 56.9 63.7 56.3 47.9 66.7
Sutton 55.8 44.4 61.7 82.1 63.7 80.5
Waltham Forest 39.3 38.8 37.0 46.1 32.3 31.8
Bracknell Forest 37.8 36.9 51.0 24.4 53.8 withheld to protect confidentiality
Brighton and Hove 39.1 38.0 47.5 41.5 46.3 100.0
Buckinghamshire 44.3 44.7 40.7 43.6 34.1 66.7
East Sussex 34.6 34.4 38.6 45.0 35.5 55.6
Hampshire 41.2 40.9 43.4 52.6 43.5 62.9
Isle of Wight 28.4 28.2 44.4 25.0 N/A* withheld to protect confidentiality
Kent 43.3 41.7 54.7 62.9 53.8 67.2
Medway 37.1 35.3 39.2 58.0 44.0 72.7
Milton Keynes 44.3 41.0 46.0 54.9 54.4 46.7
Oxfordshire 37.9 37.6 38.2 42.9 31.7 42.3
Portsmouth 37.9 36.6 42.6 46.3 45.5 withheld to protect confidentiality
Reading 37.3 37.3 23.5 43.9 23.3 withheld to protect confidentiality
Slough 41.6 38.6 36.6 45.6 27.0 withheld to protect confidentiality
Southampton 40.3 38.4 35.8 55.7 42.9 withheld to protect confidentiality
Surrey 46.0 45.3 48.2 51.7 48.9 75.0
West Berkshire 48.0 48.7 46.7 54.0 32.0 66.7
West Sussex 41.0 40.5 46.5 50.6 34.2 50.0
Windsor and Maidenhead 44.1 43.3 51.5 46.6 34.5 62.5
Wokingham 53.3 53.2 48.3 57.2 46.7 withheld to protect confidentiality
Bath and North East Somerset 52.3 52.9 37.8 54.2 37.5 withheld to protect confidentiality
Bournemouth 42.9 41.1 53.4 67.5 41.2 withheld to protect confidentiality
Bristol, City of 32.0 31.5 34.0 36.8 24.1 33.3
Cornwall 32.8 32.7 38.4 33.3 33.3 withheld to protect confidentiality
Devon 42.7 42.6 38.9 61.5 50.0 76.9
Dorset 46.4 46.5 46.3 34.8 33.3 45.5
Gloucestershire 34.8 34.1 37.4 60.3 17.5 65.2
Isles of Scilly withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality N/A* N/A* N/A* N/A*
North Somerset 31.6 31.0 47.0 40.6 20.0 withheld to protect confidentiality
Plymouth 39.8 38.9 48.8 72.0 50.0 61.5
Poole withheld to protect confidentiality 39.1 40.4 61.3 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality
Somerset 35.5 35.5 38.0 44.0 28.6 54.5
South Gloucestershire 32.7 32.8 28.4 40.3 25.6 withheld to protect confidentiality
Swindon 32.8 30.9 30.0 47.7 35.7 40.0
Torbay 32.0 withheld to protect confidentiality 42.5 50.0 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality
Wiltshire 41.5 41.2 52.2 42.9 39.5 withheld to protect confidentiality

Download table data (CSV) Source data (CSV)

Summary

The data shows that:

  • Hammersmith and Fulham had the highest overall percentage of pupils entering the EBacc (65%), with 69% of Mixed pupils, 68% of White pupils, 66% of Asian pupils, 55% of Black pupils and 50% of Chinese pupils doing so

  • Blackpool had the lowest overall percentage of pupils entering (19%), with 17% of Mixed pupils, 18% of White pupils, 32% of Asian pupils, and 33% of Black pupils doing so – the number of Chinese pupils entering the EBacc in Blackpool was very small, so information about them was withheld to protect confidentiality

  • the local authority where Asian students were most likely to enter the EBacc was Sutton, where 82% entered; they were least likely to enter in Rotherham, where 21% did so

  • the local authority where Black pupils were least likely to enter was North Tyneside, where 73% entered the EBacc; they were least likely to enter in Oldham, where 15% did so

  • White and Mixed pupils were most likely to enter in Hammersmith and Fulham, where 68% and 69% respectively did so, and least likely in Blackpool, where 18% and 17% respectively did so

  • in 5 local authorities, 100% of Chinese pupils entered the EBacc: Ealing, Sunderland, Brighton and Hove, North Lincolnshire and Walsall

  • Chinese pupils were least likely to enter in Haringey, where 25% did so

5. By ethnicity and gender

Percentage of pupils entering EBacc by ethnicity and gender
All Boys Girls
Ethnicity % Pupils % Pupils % Pupils
All 40 540,689 34 275,606 45 265,083
Asian 47 51,218 41 26,559 54 24,659
Bangladeshi 46 8,319 41 4,239 52 4,080
Indian 56 14,046 50 7,321 63 6,725
Pakistani 39 20,434 32 10,559 46 9,875
Asian other 53 8,419 47 4,440 61 3,979
Black 43 27,924 36 13,911 50 14,013
Black African 47 17,349 40 8,669 54 8,680
Black Caribbean 36 7,216 28 3,548 44 3,668
Black other 40 3,359 32 1,694 47 1,665
Chinese 63 2,026 56 1,033 70 993
Mixed 42 22,868 37 11,535 47 11,333
Mixed White/Asian 50 5,089 44 2,542 56 2,547
Mixed White/Black African 42 2,687 37 1,354 47 1,333
Mixed White/Black Caribbean 33 7,160 28 3,614 38 3,546
Mixed other 46 7,932 42 4,025 51 3,907
White 38 422,763 33 215,354 43 207,409
White British 38 395,316 33 201,407 43 193,909
White Irish 50 1,774 44 883 55 891
White Irish Traveller 12 122 8 67 18 55
White Gypsy/Roma 5 1,107 4 534 6 573
White other 45 24,444 41 12,463 51 11,981
Other 49 8,119 43 4,242 55 3,877
Unknown 34 5,771 29 2,972 40 2,799

Download table data (CSV) Source data (CSV)

Summary

The data shows that:

  • across all ethnic groups, the percentage of pupils entering the EBacc was higher for girls (45%) than for boys (34%)

  • in the broad ethnic groups, Chinese girls had the highest percentage of pupils entering the EBacc (70%), while White boys had the lowest (33%)

  • in the specific ethnic groups, White Gypsy/Roma boys had the lowest percentage entering the Ebacc (4%)

  • Black Caribbean pupils showed the biggest difference between boys and girls, at 16 percentage points: 44% of girls entered the Ebacc, while 28% of boys did so

  • Gypsy/Roma pupils showed the smallest percentage difference between girls and boys for pupils entering the EBacc: 6% of girls entered, while 4% of boys did so

6. By ethnicity, gender and eligibility for free school meals

Percentage of pupils entering EBacc by ethnicity, gender and eligibility for free school meals
Non-FSM Boys Non-FSM Girls FSM Boys FSM Girls
Ethnicity % Pupils % Pupils % Pupils % Pupils
All 37 238,526 48 229,635 19 37,080 27 35,448
Asian 43 21,835 56 20,365 31 4,724 42 4,294
Bangladeshi 41 2,972 55 2,886 39 1,267 45 1,194
Indian 51 6,782 64 6,222 34 539 48 503
Pakistani 35 8,163 48 7,735 24 2,396 38 2,140
Asian other 48 3,918 63 3,522 38 522 46 457
Black 38 10,594 53 10,786 28 3,317 42 3,227
Black African 42 6,594 56 6,669 32 2,075 47 2,011
Black Caribbean 31 2,710 47 2,817 20 838 32 851
Black other 34 1,290 50 1,300 24 404 38 365
Chinese 57 966 70 930 45 67 67 63
Mixed 41 9,414 51 9,214 22 2,121 31 2,119
Mixed White/Asian 48 2,180 59 2,177 22 362 33 370
Mixed White/Black African 40 1,079 50 1,079 26 275 39 254
Mixed White/Black Caribbean 31 2,798 42 2,742 16 816 25 804
Mixed other 44 3,357 54 3,216 28 668 35 691
White 36 190,070 46 183,098 15 25,284 21 24,311
White British 35 177,753 46 171,125 14 23,654 20 22,784
White Irish 47 768 59 793 25 115 24 98
White Irish Traveller 12 26 22 23 withheld to protect confidentiality 41 withheld to protect confidentiality 32
White Gypsy/Roma 5 377 6 400 withheld to protect confidentiality 157 withheld to protect confidentiality 173
White other 42 11,146 52 10,757 32 1,317 39 1,224
Other 46 3,182 57 2,913 37 1,060 48 964
Unknown 31 2,465 43 2,329 16 507 26 470

Download table data (CSV) Source data (CSV)

Summary

Eligibility for free school meals (FSM) is used as an indicator of deprivation by the Department for Education. For more about who qualifies for FSM, see the Methodology section.

The data shows that:

  • a larger percentage of girls eligible for FSM entered the EBacc (27%) than FSM-eligible boys (19%) across all ethnic groups except Irish

  • 14% of FSM-eligible White British boys entered the Ebacc, compared with 35% of non-eligible White British boys, a difference of 21 percentage points

  • the biggest difference between FSM-eligible boys and non-eligible boys entering the EBacc was for Mixed White and Asian pupils – 22% of FSM-eligible boys entered the Ebacc, compared with 48% of all other boys, a difference of 26 percentage points

  • 20% of FSM-eligible White British girls entered the Ebacc, compared with 46% of non-eligible White British girls, a difference of 26 percentage points

  • the biggest difference between FSM-eligible girls and non-eligible girls entering the EBacc was for White Irish pupils

  • Chinese pupils eligible for FSM showed the biggest difference, at 22 percentage points, between boys and girls entering the EBacc: 67% of girls entered, while 45% of boys did so

7. By ethnicity, gender and area

Percentage of pupils entering the EBacc by ethnicity, gender and area
All Asian Black Chinese Mixed White
Local authority All Boys Girls All Boys Girls All Boys Girls All Boys Girls All Boys Girls All Boys Girls
All - England 40 35 45 48 42 54 43 36 51 64 57 71 42 37 48 38 33 44
Barking and Dagenham 35 28 42 41 30 52 39 29 47 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 25 21 28 33 29 38
Barnet 60 57 63 75 76 74 55 50 59 78 71 84 63 61 64 57 53 61
Barnsley 29 25 33 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 33 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality N/A* N/A* N/A* 40 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 29 25 33
Bath and North East Somerset 52 50 55 54 58 50 38 36 40 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 38 37 39 53 50 56
Bedford 31 26 37 27 19 35 28 19 36 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 27 23 31 33 28 39
Bexley 44 38 49 61 52 71 59 46 72 73 68 78 43 38 49 37 34 41
Birmingham 42 36 49 44 37 51 39 27 50 67 48 83 41 40 43 40 35 46
Blackburn with Darwen 35 30 41 48 38 58 20 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality N/A* 33 23 42 26 23 28
Blackpool 19 14 23 32 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 33 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 17 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 18 14 23
Bolton 33 28 39 58 47 70 38 32 43 57 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 31 15 48 26 23 30
Bournemouth 43 39 47 68 69 64 41 50 36 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 53 48 61 41 37 45
Bracknell Forest 38 32 44 24 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 54 46 62 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 51 56 46 37 31 43
Bradford 32 25 39 34 26 42 31 21 41 withheld to protect confidentiality N/A* withheld to protect confidentiality 32 26 37 31 25 38
Brent 55 49 61 63 57 69 44 40 49 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 53 42 65 49 41 57
Brighton and Hove 39 36 42 42 41 42 46 41 53 100 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 48 45 51 38 35 41
Bristol, City of 32 26 38 37 24 51 24 17 30 33 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 34 27 42 32 26 37
Bromley 51 42 59 67 60 73 45 33 55 72 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 54 52 55 52 42 61
Buckinghamshire 44 40 48 44 39 49 34 27 41 67 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 41 38 44 45 41 49
Bury 48 46 51 48 48 48 50 35 69 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 49 45 52 48 46 51
Calderdale 35 30 41 35 30 39 40 25 63 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 29 19 37 36 30 41
Cambridgeshire 41 36 47 55 47 64 36 28 46 77 59 100 50 40 62 40 35 45
Camden 46 39 51 45 42 48 40 35 43 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 42 28 52 49 42 55
Central Bedfordshire 36 30 42 59 46 73 61 52 70 50 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 38 32 44 35 30 40
Cheshire East 39 30 47 39 35 42 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 60 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 36 19 53 39 30 47
Cheshire West and Chester 47 42 52 38 33 42 42 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 63 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 50 45 56 47 42 52
City of London N/A* N/A* N/A* N/A* N/A* N/A* N/A* N/A* N/A* N/A* N/A* N/A* N/A* N/A* N/A* N/A* N/A* N/A*
Cornwall 33 28 38 33 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 33 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 38 36 41 33 27 38
County Durham 42 37 47 76 82 69 50 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 62 63 62 42 36 47
Coventry 40 33 46 49 41 58 46 41 51 67 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 39 30 49 36 31 42
Croydon 45 35 54 55 48 63 44 34 54 76 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 47 39 52 45 34 54
Cumbria 37 32 42 39 29 47 46 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 67 100 50 43 32 52 37 32 41
Darlington 38 34 43 43 38 46 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality N/A* withheld to protect confidentiality N/A* withheld to protect confidentiality 47 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 38 34 42
Derby 33 28 38 44 38 49 22 15 28 50 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 36 30 42 31 26 35
Derbyshire 31 26 36 39 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 36 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 28 21 35 31 25 36
Devon 43 38 47 62 57 67 50 43 57 77 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 39 37 41 43 38 47
Doncaster 27 22 33 29 26 31 43 41 44 60 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 30 17 42 27 22 33
Dorset 46 43 50 35 29 41 33 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 46 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 46 48 43 47 43 50
Dudley 33 29 38 34 25 44 43 36 50 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 28 26 30 33 29 37
Ealing 55 50 61 49 42 56 49 44 54 100 N/A* 100 59 53 64 61 56 67
East Riding of Yorkshire 37 30 44 58 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 28 25 33 37 29 44
East Sussex 35 30 39 45 40 52 36 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 56 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 39 32 45 34 31 38
Enfield 55 49 61 70 65 76 50 46 54 80 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 56 48 66 54 48 60
Essex 38 33 43 71 62 81 55 47 62 63 60 65 47 44 50 36 31 42
Gateshead 41 36 46 60 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 36 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 50 46 56 40 35 45
Gloucestershire 35 31 39 60 57 65 18 11 26 65 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 37 32 42 34 30 39
Greenwich 47 43 52 61 63 59 52 47 58 67 62 73 51 43 57 41 36 45
Hackney 53 48 56 61 60 63 49 38 57 67 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 51 49 53 53 52 55
Halton 58 53 62 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality N/A* withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality N/A* N/A* N/A* 68 77 58 57 52 62
Hammersmith and Fulham 65 62 67 66 60 72 55 53 58 50 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 69 62 77 68 69 67
Hampshire 41 36 47 53 47 60 44 34 55 63 62 67 43 38 50 41 36 47
Haringey 39 32 46 48 41 54 30 23 38 25 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 43 34 52 41 36 47
Harrow 54 45 63 57 48 68 53 44 62 73 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 56 47 63 48 41 54
Hartlepool 36 31 42 64 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality N/A* 50 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 36 30 41
Havering 49 46 51 62 57 67 56 50 62 55 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 50 51 50 47 45 49
Herefordshire, County of 43 35 52 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 52 56 44 43 35 52
Hertfordshire 46 42 50 56 56 55 51 44 57 75 80 70 46 41 52 45 40 49
Hillingdon 42 37 48 58 52 64 42 36 48 42 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 41 38 44 35 30 39
Hounslow 57 54 60 68 64 72 54 52 55 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 65 64 66 55 54 56
Isle of Wight 28 23 35 25 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality N/A* N/A* N/A* withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 44 33 67 28 22 34
Isles of Scilly withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality N/A* N/A* N/A* N/A* N/A* N/A* N/A* N/A* N/A* N/A* N/A* N/A* withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality
Islington 45 42 48 49 41 58 47 47 48 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 37 36 39 40 38 43
Kensington and Chelsea 52 51 55 62 67 59 43 41 47 withheld to protect confidentiality N/A* withheld to protect confidentiality 54 53 55 55 53 57
Kent 43 38 49 63 60 66 54 46 61 67 73 61 55 53 57 42 36 48
Kingston upon Hull, City of 40 40 41 65 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 44 50 39 withheld to protect confidentiality N/A* withheld to protect confidentiality 41 32 56 42 40 43
Kingston upon Thames 61 60 61 75 75 74 45 42 50 70 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 64 66 64 56 54 57
Kirklees 36 30 43 39 32 46 26 14 37 60 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 30 23 37 36 30 42
Knowsley 24 20 28 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality N/A* withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 23 19 28
Lambeth 51 44 57 60 53 68 51 43 59 67 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 45 43 49 50 45 56
Lancashire 33 29 38 36 29 43 32 38 24 41 25 56 34 25 42 33 29 38
Leeds 41 35 47 43 36 51 37 33 41 50 50 50 41 40 42 41 35 47
Leicester 32 28 37 43 36 49 31 26 36 withheld to protect confidentiality N/A* withheld to protect confidentiality 29 26 31 19 16 22
Leicestershire 32 27 37 51 42 61 21 15 29 55 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 36 28 45 30 25 34
Lewisham 42 35 51 57 53 62 38 30 47 57 57 57 47 39 56 42 35 51
Lincolnshire 44 39 48 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 44 33 56 76 79 71 55 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 43 38 48
Liverpool 40 35 45 61 62 59 42 37 48 64 64 65 27 23 30 40 35 46
Luton 33 35 31 43 49 38 35 38 33 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 25 22 28 24 25 24
Manchester 36 28 44 44 30 59 32 24 42 51 29 79 30 25 34 33 28 38
Medway 37 35 39 58 57 60 44 30 54 73 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 39 29 46 35 34 36
Merton 42 37 48 49 42 56 31 26 37 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 40 36 44 44 38 51
Middlesbrough 20 15 25 22 16 26 27 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality N/A* N/A* N/A* 25 18 29 20 15 25
Milton Keynes 44 39 49 55 47 64 54 47 62 47 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 46 48 44 41 36 47
Newcastle upon Tyne 36 31 41 45 39 51 35 18 51 69 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 52 42 62 34 30 39
Newham 52 48 55 59 54 63 48 44 53 46 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 50 47 53 36 34 38
Norfolk 36 30 42 51 39 61 43 33 58 48 50 46 35 28 43 35 30 42
North East Lincolnshire 35 29 41 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality N/A* withheld to protect confidentiality 32 28 39 35 30 41
North Lincolnshire 33 28 38 37 19 51 36 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 100 100 N/A* 37 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 33 28 37
North Somerset 32 27 36 41 28 57 20 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 47 41 53 31 27 35
North Tyneside 38 33 43 45 33 50 73 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 67 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 51 53 50 37 32 42
North Yorkshire 41 35 48 44 33 59 44 40 50 62 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 43 40 46 41 35 48
Northamptonshire 41 36 45 49 45 53 45 34 56 70 70 70 39 30 49 40 36 44
Northumberland 32 27 38 50 44 59 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 33 43 27 32 26 38
Nottingham 32 26 39 42 36 48 31 23 39 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 100 37 30 45 28 22 34
Nottinghamshire 41 34 48 56 52 61 55 49 61 68 62 75 40 28 52 40 33 47
Oldham 25 20 30 22 16 28 15 14 16 43 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 18 24 14 27 22 32
Oxfordshire 38 30 46 43 33 55 32 22 45 42 29 58 38 33 44 38 30 46
Peterborough 38 31 45 43 34 52 51 43 61 63 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 42 33 52 36 29 43
Plymouth 40 32 48 72 75 69 50 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 62 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 49 39 56 39 31 47
Poole withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 61 53 75 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 40 46 35 39 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality
Portsmouth 38 37 39 46 51 43 46 53 38 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 100 43 48 38 37 35 38
Reading 37 35 40 44 37 49 23 18 28 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 24 26 22 37 37 38
Redbridge 43 38 48 51 45 59 32 25 38 70 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 38 31 44 35 32 39
Redcar and Cleveland 29 23 36 43 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality N/A* withheld to protect confidentiality 45 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 29 23 35
Richmond upon Thames 57 50 63 56 46 66 48 42 54 67 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 64 60 68 57 50 63
Rochdale 26 21 32 37 25 48 37 32 41 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality N/A* 34 33 34 22 18 26
Rotherham 31 24 38 21 10 31 50 35 67 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 100 38 33 44 32 25 38
Rutland 33 22 46 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality N/A* N/A* N/A* 56 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 32 22 45
Salford 46 40 51 55 43 71 47 49 46 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 46 44 49 45 39 51
Sandwell 22 18 27 30 23 38 21 16 26 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 21 13 32 19 16 22
Sefton 43 35 50 52 50 56 60 63 57 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 37 32 41 43 35 52
Sheffield 39 33 46 39 30 50 38 32 44 61 57 64 40 35 45 39 34 45
Shropshire 38 34 43 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 50 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 40 42 36 38 34 43
Slough 42 39 45 46 43 48 27 24 31 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 37 40 33 39 34 43
Solihull 45 38 53 54 42 68 44 29 58 50 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 39 36 43 45 38 51
Somerset 36 30 41 44 28 60 29 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 55 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 38 28 46 36 30 41
South Gloucestershire 33 30 36 40 31 56 26 17 43 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 28 24 34 33 31 35
South Tyneside 35 27 42 49 39 58 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality N/A* N/A* N/A* 35 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 34 27 41
Southampton 40 35 46 56 51 61 43 52 36 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 withheld to protect confidentiality 36 23 47 38 33 44
Southend-on-Sea 42 38 46 70 65 79 62 59 66 68 67 70 44 39 49 37 33 42
Southwark 58 51 65 66 56 74 58 48 67 74 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 56 51 62 55 51 59
St. Helens 37 32 41 50 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 37 32 43
Staffordshire 35 30 40 35 32 40 32 21 39 50 57 46 34 23 43 35 30 40
Stockport 46 42 51 57 47 68 38 29 57 50 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 48 41 57 46 42 49
Stockton-on-Tees 40 34 48 43 28 58 withheld to protect confidentiality 38 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 44 38 56 40 34 46
Stoke-on-Trent 28 23 33 33 26 40 38 31 46 56 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 22 19 24 27 23 31
Suffolk 30 27 34 46 43 49 25 12 36 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 33 33 33 30 26 34
Sunderland 37 26 48 57 32 71 63 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 100 N/A* 100 56 25 80 36 26 47
Surrey 46 40 52 52 46 58 49 41 60 75 72 79 48 43 53 45 40 51
Sutton 56 50 62 82 77 87 64 59 68 81 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 62 57 67 44 39 51
Swindon 33 29 37 48 43 53 36 38 33 40 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 30 28 32 31 27 35
Tameside 31 25 37 35 25 45 29 24 33 42 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 28 34 21 31 25 36
Telford and Wrekin 46 41 52 50 46 56 39 33 47 67 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 47 42 53 46 41 52
Thurrock 42 37 46 55 40 69 51 47 54 56 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 51 47 55 40 36 44
Torbay 32 31 33 50 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 43 50 36 withheld to protect confidentiality 32 withheld to protect confidentiality
Tower Hamlets 46 45 47 53 52 54 44 41 46 50 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 28 30 26 29 28 31
Trafford 47 42 51 46 37 56 36 28 44 71 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 50 44 56 46 43 50
Wakefield 33 26 40 40 26 52 21 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 34 26 41 33 27 40
Walsall 36 32 40 45 44 48 37 27 50 100 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 34 29 39 33 29 37
Waltham Forest 39 29 50 46 30 63 32 22 41 32 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 37 32 42 39 31 47
Wandsworth 58 50 68 70 64 78 53 41 66 79 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 55 44 68 56 49 64
Warrington 38 34 41 53 53 53 43 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 50 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 34 20 53 37 34 41
Warwickshire 42 37 48 54 45 62 32 14 45 63 40 100 46 47 45 41 36 47
West Berkshire 48 44 52 54 48 62 32 39 25 67 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 47 39 52 49 45 52
West Sussex 41 35 47 51 41 62 34 28 41 50 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 47 39 54 41 35 46
Westminster 49 37 59 45 39 53 44 32 58 61 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 49 36 60 56 39 68
Wigan 34 27 40 30 25 40 69 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 36 26 44 33 27 40
Wiltshire 42 38 45 43 46 39 40 27 56 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 100 52 53 52 41 37 45
Windsor and Maidenhead 44 37 52 47 28 66 35 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 63 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 52 56 47 43 37 50
Wirral 50 47 52 67 78 61 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 79 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 52 47 57 49 46 52
Wokingham 53 45 63 57 51 70 47 41 53 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 100 48 37 65 53 45 62
Wolverhampton 26 18 33 40 30 50 20 19 20 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 20 11 28 22 15 29
Worcestershire 39 35 43 27 15 39 20 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 40 36 46 40 36 44
York 56 52 61 73 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 67 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 67 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 67 53 81 56 52 60

Download table data (CSV) Source data (CSV)

Summary

The data shows that:

  • overall, a higher percentage of girls entered the EBacc than boys in every local authority except for Luton

  • the local authorities with the biggest gap between girls and boys in Ebacc entry were as follows: Westminster for White pupils (29 percentage points); Calderdale for Black pupils (38 percentage points); Sunderland for Asian pupils (39 percentage points); Warwickshire for Chinese pupils (60 percentage points); and Sunderland for Mixed race pupils (55 percentage points)

  • please be aware the statistics quoted here for EBacc entry by ethnic group, gender and local authority are based on small numbers of pupils and are highly variable over time

8. By ethnicity, gender and type of selection

Percentage of pupils entering the EBacc by ethnicity, gender and basis for school admission
All Asian Black Chinese Mixed White
Admissions basis All Boys Girls All Boys Girls All Boys Girls All Boys Girls All Boys Girls All Boys Girls
All state-funded mainstream schools 40 35 46 48 42 54 44 37 51 63 57 70 43 38 48 39 34 44
Non-selective schools in highly selective areas 28 24 33 30 24 36 38 28 47 46 48 44 30 26 34 28 23 32
Non-selective schools in other areas (inc. low selective areas) 39 34 45 46 39 53 43 36 50 59 51 67 42 36 47 38 33 43
Selective schools 83 82 85 85 82 89 84 80 88 86 84 89 86 85 86 83 82 84

Download table data (CSV) Source data (CSV)

Summary

This data groups schools by type into the following 3 categories, according to whether they select their pupils by ability:

  • selective schools
  • non-selective schools in highly selective areas (where 25% or more of state-funded secondary places are in state-funded selective schools)
  • all other non-selective schools (including schools in local authorities with some selection, as well as those with no selection)

The data shows that:

  • in 2015/16, there were 22,512 key stage 4 pupils (4%) in selective schools, 34,658 (7%) in non-selective schools in highly selective areas, and 472,525 (89%) in non-selective schools in other areas

  • a higher percentage of girls than boys entered the EBacc across almost all admissions types and ethnic groups

  • Chinese pupils in non-selective schools in highly selective areas were the exception: here, more Chinese boys than girls entered

  • Chinese and Asian girls in selective schools were most likely to enter the EBacc – 89% did so

  • White boys in non-selective schools in highly selective areas were less likely to enter the EBacc than either girls or boys from any other ethnic group – 23% did so

  • Black pupils in non-selective schools in highly selective areas showed the biggest difference between girls and boys for EBacc entry, at 19 percentage points

9. By ethnicity and type of school

Percentage of pupils entering the EBacc by ethnicity and type of school
All Asian Black Chinese Mixed White
School Type Pupils % Pupils % Pupils % Pupils % Pupils % Pupils %
All state-funded mainstream schools 530,580 40 50,515 48 27,407 44 2,008 63 22,465 43 414,528 39
Local authority maintained mainstream schools 191,701 39 21,499 44 11,496 42 591 59 8,130 40 145,402 37
Academies and free schools 337,452 42 28,983 51 15,874 45 1,416 65 14,288 45 268,711 40
Sponsored academies 85,080 30 7,419 40 6,173 41 277 54 3,759 36 64,925 27
Converter academies 247,551 46 20,958 55 9,482 48 1,127 68 10,292 49 200,260 45
Free schools 1,838 50 411 74 60 28 8 50 79 53 1,187 43
University technical colleges 1,864 12 125 9 130 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 108 withheld to protect confidentiality 1,412 13
Studio schools 1,119 5 70 6 29 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 50 withheld to protect confidentiality 927 4
Further education colleges with provision for 14- to 16-year-olds 885 3 N/A* N/A* N/A* N/A* N/A* N/A* N/A* N/A* N/A* N/A*
State-funded special schools 10,109 withheld to protect confidentiality 703 withheld to protect confidentiality 517 withheld to protect confidentiality 18 withheld to protect confidentiality 403 withheld to protect confidentiality 8,235 0
All state-funded schools 540,689 40 51,218 47 27,924 43 2,026 63 22,868 42 422,763 38

Download table data (CSV) Source data (CSV)

Summary

The data shows that:

  • 35% of pupils were in local authority maintained mainstream schools, 62% were in academies and free schools, 2% were in state-funded special schools and 0.2% in further education colleges in 2015/16

  • Chinese pupils were most likely to enter the EBacc, in both local authority-maintained mainstream schools, and academies or free schools; an average of 59% and 65% did so respectively at these types of school

  • White pupils were least likely to to enter the EBacc, in both local authority-maintained mainstream schools, and academies or free schools; an average of 37% and 40% did so respectively at these types of school

10. By ethnicity, gender and special education needs

Percentage of pupils entering the EBacc by ethnicity, gender and special education needs (SEN)
All Asian Black Chinese Mixed White
SEN All Boys Girls All Boys Girls All Boys Girls All Boys Girls All Boys Girls All Boys Girls
All SEN 12 10 15 16 13 19 17 13 22 21 18 25 15 13 18 11 9 14
No identified SEN 45 40 49 51 45 57 48 41 54 66 59 72 47 43 51 43 39 47
SEN Support 15 13 18 19 16 23 20 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 21 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 18 16 20 14 12 16
SEN with a statement or EHC plan 4 4 4 6 5 6 5 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 20 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 5 5 5 4 4 4

Download table data (CSV) Source data (CSV)

Summary

Pupils with special education needs (SEN) have learning difficulties or disabilities that make it harder for them to learn than most children of the same age.

Since 2015, pupils have been categorised as follows:

  • no identified SEN
  • SEN support: extra or different help is given from that provided as part of the school's usual curriculum, and the class teacher and SEN coordinator (SENCO) may receive advice or support from outside specialists
  • SEN statement or education, health and care (EHC) plan: a pupil is given a SEN statement or an EHC plan once a formal assessment has been made

‘All SEN pupils’ refers to the total number of pupils with either SEN support, a SEN statement or an EHC plan.

The data shows that:

  • in 2015/16, there were 78,682 pupils at the end of key stage 4 with SEN: 80% were White, 7% were Asian, 6% were Black, 4% were Mixed and 0.2% were Chinese

  • of the total 78,682 SEN students, 58,279 had SEN support and 20,403 had SEN with a statement or EHC plan

  • of all SEN pupils, Chinese pupils were the most likely to enter the EBacc (21%), while White pupils were the least likely (11%)

  • of all SEN pupils, the largest difference between boys and girls, at 9 percentage points, was found among Black pupils – 22% of girls entered the EBacc, compared with 13% of boys

11. By ethnicity, gender and religion of school

Percentage of pupils entering the EBacc by ethnicity, gender and religion of school
All Asian Black Chinese Mixed White
Religious character All Boys Girls All Boys Girls All Boys Girls All Boys Girls All Boys Girls All Boys Girls
All state-funded mainstream schools 40 35 46 48 42 54 44 37 51 63 57 70 43 38 48 39 34 44
Church of England schools 42 38 46 49 46 53 47 41 54 65 64 67 45 41 48 41 37 45
Jewish schools 51 54 49 60 55 65 69 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidenti