English Baccalaureate achievement

Published

1. Main facts and figures

  • pupils achieve the English Baccalaureate (EBacc), by getting a ‘strong pass’ in each of their GCSEs in English, Maths, Science, a language, and either history or geography
  • in 2017/18, out of all ethnic groups, Chinese pupils were the most likely to achieve the EBacc (46.4%)
  • pupils from the Traveller of Irish Heritage ethnic group were least likely to achieve the EBacc (0.0%)
  • across all ethnic groups, girls were more likely to achieve the EBacc than boys
  • across all ethnic groups, pupils eligible for free school meals were less likely to achieve the EBacc than those not eligible
Things you need to know

In 2017/18, there were 523,626 pupils in state-funded schools at the end of key stage 4.

Of the pupils for whom ethnicity was known:

  • 77% were White
  • 11% were Asian
  • 6% were Black
  • 5% had Mixed ethnicity
  • 0.4% were Chinese
  • 1.7% were from the Other ethnic group

The ethnicity of 1.4% of pupils (7,166) was not known. This includes pupils who were not available or who refused to be surveyed.

It’s important to be careful when comparing these statistics, as some of them are based on very small numbers of pupils and can be highly variable.

The smallest groups in 2017/18 were:

  • 107 pupils from the Chinese ethnic group who were eligible for free school meals
  • 111 children from a Traveller of Irish heritage background

Data comparisons between these groups and other ethnic groups may be unreliable. For comparison, there were 22,840 pupils in the Pakistani ethnic group.

Schools can ask for a pupil to be removed from their performance results. For example, if they’ve recently arrived from overseas and English is not their first language.

This data only includes qualifications that are approved by the English Baccalaureate.

Differences in the figures between state schools and all schools (including independent schools) is mainly due to the unregulated international GCSEs taken in independent schools. Local authorities who have not reported any data will not appear in the accompanying data files.

Statistics provided for local authorities may be quite different to those from last year. View the methodology section for further information.

Local authority data doesn’t include figures for pupils in the ‘Other’ ethnic group. Instead, these pupils are included in the ‘All’ category, which also includes pupils for whom ethnicity wasn’t known.

What the data measures

This data measures the number of pupils in government-funded schools achieving the English Baccalaureate (EBacc) by ethnic group.

To achieve the EBacc, pupils need to get a strong pass (grade 5 or above) in GCSE English, Maths, Science, a language, and either History or Geography.

The data covers the academic year 2017/18 (September 2017 to July 2018).

The ethnic categories used in this data

This data uses categories from the Department for Education’s school census, which is broadly based on the 2001 national Census, with 3 exceptions:

  • Traveller of Irish Heritage and Gypsy/Roma children have been separated into 2 categories
  • Sri Lankan is included in the Asian/Asian British group but is not reported separately
  • Chinese pupils have been assigned a separate category from Asian

These changes were made after consulting local authorities and lobby groups.

Data is reported for 6 broad and 16 specific ethnic groups. These are:

Asian/Asian British:

  • Indian
  • Pakistani
  • Bangladeshi
  • Other Asian background

Black/African/Caribbean/Black British:

  • Black African
  • Black Caribbean
  • Other Black background

Mixed/Multiple ethnic groups:

  • White and Black Caribbean
  • White and Black African
  • White and Asian
  • Other Mixed background

White:

  • White British
  • White Irish
  • Traveller of Irish Heritage
  • Gypsy/Roma
  • Other White

Chinese

Other ethnic group

Some data is shown only for 5 or 6 broad ethnic groups.

The 6 broad groups are:

  • Asian/Asian British
  • Black/African/Caribbean/Black British
  • Chinese
  • Mixed/Multiple ethnic groups
  • White
  • Other ethnic group

The Other ethnic group isn’t included in data analysed by local authority area, basis for school admission, school type, special educational needs, and religion of school because DfE does not publish this data.

2. By ethnicity

Percentage of pupils achieving the English Baccalaureate by ethnicity
Ethnicity % Pupils
All 16.7 523,626
Asian 22.6 55,737
Bangladeshi 19.0 9,384
Indian 32.5 14,575
Pakistani 15.3 22,840
Asian other 29.1 8,938
Black 15.1 28,949
Black African 17.9 18,358
Black Caribbean 9.1 6,933
Black other 12.2 3,658
Chinese 46.4 1,875
Mixed 18.8 24,646
Mixed White/Asian 26.7 5,537
Mixed White/Black African 16.5 2,936
Mixed White/Black Caribbean 10.2 7,093
Mixed other 21.4 9,080
White 15.7 396,680
White British 15.3 367,680
White Irish 25.6 1,646
Gypsy/Roma 0.6 1,107
Irish Traveller 0.0 111
White other 20.9 26,136
Other 21.3 8,573
Unknown 12.9 7,166

Download table data for ‘By ethnicity’ (CSV) Source data for ‘By ethnicity’ (CSV)

Summary of English Baccalaureate achievement By ethnicity Summary

  • 16.7% of all pupils achieved the English Baccalaureate, by getting a ‘strong pass’ in 5 GCSEs (English, Maths, Science, a language, and either history or geography)
  • out of all ethnic groups, pupils from the Chinese ethnic group were the most likely to achieve the EBacc, with 46.4% doing so
  • the percentage of pupils in the broad Asian (22.6%), Mixed (18.8%) and Other ethnic groups (21.3%) achieving the EBacc was also higher than the national average
  • White pupils and Black pupils were both below the national average for EBacc achievement, at 15.7% and 15.1%
  • among the detailed ethnic groups, Gypsy/Roma, Irish Traveller, Black Caribbean, Mixed White and Black Caribbean, Other Black ethnicity, Pakistani and White British pupils all achieved below the national average
  • 0% of Traveller of Irish Heritage pupils and 0.6% of Gypsy/Roma pupils achieved the EBacc – the lowest percentages of any group

3. By ethnicity and eligibility for free school meals

Percentage of pupils achieving the English Baccalaureate by ethnicity and eligibility for free school meals
Free school meals No free school meals
Ethnicity Free school meals % Free school meals Pupils No free school meals % No free school meals Pupils
All 6.1 66,365 18.2 457,261
Asian 12.0 8,610 24.6 47,127
Bangladeshi 13.6 2,256 20.7 7,128
Indian 15.9 957 33.7 13,618
Pakistani 9.4 4,364 16.6 18,476
Asian other 16.1 1,033 30.8 7,905
Black 10.3 5,912 16.4 23,037
Black African 12.9 3,639 19.2 14,719
Black Caribbean 4.7 1,531 10.4 5,402
Black other 8.9 742 13.1 2,916
Chinese 34.6 107 47.1 1,768
Mixed 7.4 4,396 21.3 20,250
Mixed White/Asian 10.0 709 29.2 4,828
Mixed White/Black African 7.9 558 18.5 2,378
Mixed White/Black Caribbean 4.0 1,614 12.1 5,479
Mixed other 9.7 1,515 23.7 7,565
White 3.8 44,327 17.2 352,353
White British 3.4 41,457 16.8 326,223
White Irish 8.5 188 27.8 1,458
Gypsy/Roma 0.3 344 0.8 763
Irish Traveller 0.0 67 0.0 44
White other 12.6 2,271 21.7 23,865
Other 15.6 1,980 23.0 6,593
Unknown 4.0 1,033 14.4 6,133

Download table data for ‘By ethnicity and eligibility for free school meals’ (CSV) Source data for ‘By ethnicity and eligibility for free school meals’ (CSV)

Summary of English Baccalaureate achievement By ethnicity and eligibility for free school meals Summary

Eligibility for free school meals (FSM) is used as an indicator of deprivation by the Department for Education.

The data shows that:

  • 6.1% of pupils eligible for FSM achieved the English Baccalaureate (EBacc), compared with 18.2% of pupils who were not eligible
  • the Chinese ethnic group had the highest percentage of FSM-eligible pupils achieving the EBacc, at 34.6%
  • White British FSM-eligible pupils were least likely to achieve the EBacc, with 3.4% doing so, compared with 16.8% of non-eligible White British pupils.
  • White Irish pupils and those from a Mixed White and Asian background saw the largest difference between FSM-eligible and non-FSM pupils, both at 19 percentage points

4. By ethnicity and area

Percentage of pupils achieving the English Baccalaureate by ethnicity and area
All Asian Black Chinese Mixed White
Geography All % All Pupils Asian % Asian Pupils Black % Black Pupils Chinese % Chinese Pupils Mixed % Mixed Pupils White % White Pupils
All - England 16.8 521,202 22.8 55,183 15.3 28,609 46.9 1,856 18.9 24,531 15.7 395,716
Barking and Dagenham 13.4 2,199 18.0 449 16.8 619 100.0 2 9.4 127 8.9 921
Barnet 37.3 3,810 60.9 532 19.5 497 68.2 44 38.4 409 35.3 1,914
Barnsley 8.9 2,011 25.0 8 ~0 14 N/A* 0 22.9 35 8.6 1,940
Bath and North East Somerset 19.7 2,074 34.8 23 16.7 24 60.0 5 20.2 94 19.8 1,868
Bedford 11.7 1,832 11.2 269 11.0 91 ~0 1 8.6 152 12.0 1,281
Bexley 23.3 3,032 42.7 232 29.8 620 51.5 33 20.1 194 18.8 1,901
Birmingham 16.7 12,166 17.3 5,017 12.5 1,489 66.7 42 17.1 864 17.0 3,992
Blackburn with Darwen 15.8 1,830 27.1 838 7.7 13 33.3 3 13.3 45 5.5 913
Blackpool 4.0 1,136 ~0 22 ~0 5 ~0 3 ~0 23 4.2 1,078
Bolton 14.6 3,251 23.9 698 21.2 146 60.0 5 12.8 109 11.3 2,238
Bournemouth 23.2 1,512 39.0 41 14.3 7 57.1 14 16.2 74 23.0 1,328
Bracknell Forest 16.2 1,043 23.7 59 14.3 21 ~0 1 19.5 41 15.7 911
Bradford 12.6 5,941 14.1 2,727 12.5 104 33.3 3 8.2 244 11.5 2,715
Brent 27.6 2,858 34.3 897 18.1 675 33.3 3 24.2 178 22.7 494
Brighton and Hove 17.2 2,169 19.3 57 13.8 58 38.5 13 19.9 191 16.7 1,775
Bristol, City of 13.4 3,109 16.5 261 7.0 345 23.1 13 12.9 248 14.1 2,167
Bromley 27.3 3,214 56.0 166 25.8 306 60.6 33 24.9 269 26.2 2,270
Buckinghamshire 26.4 5,665 25.1 1,021 26.2 187 44.4 18 28.4 327 26.5 4,015
Bury 16.7 2,113 19.2 307 8.7 46 37.5 8 12.4 97 16.4 1,618
Calderdale 16.5 2,410 15.6 384 11.5 26 50.0 4 21.9 73 16.4 1,909
Cambridgeshire 19.8 5,491 27.4 157 13.1 61 58.3 24 27.3 227 19.1 4,858
Camden 19.8 1,533 13.5 274 12.8 358 27.3 11 18.8 181 27.7 546
Central Bedfordshire 11.8 2,579 10.0 50 10.7 56 44.4 9 7.9 114 11.9 2,301
Cheshire East 15.9 3,537 16.4 61 16.7 12 37.5 8 12.9 85 15.8 3,328
Cheshire West and Chester 17.4 3,298 26.7 30 8.3 12 30.0 10 22.0 59 17.1 3,161
City of London N/A* 0 N/A* 0 N/A* 0 N/A* 0 N/A* 0 N/A* 0
Cornwall 11.9 5,117 12.5 16 20.0 5 ~0 6 19.5 82 11.7 4,940
County Durham 13.2 4,614 15.6 32 18.2 11 66.7 6 12.2 49 13.2 4,434
Coventry 12.3 3,377 19.1 687 10.1 335 33.3 6 9.9 192 10.6 2,105
Croydon 16.0 3,452 17.2 472 12.0 998 61.5 13 18.4 499 17.9 1,268
Cumbria 15.0 4,689 26.7 30 13.3 15 46.7 15 22.0 59 14.7 4,407
Darlington 16.0 1,097 15.6 32 20.0 5 ~0 4 18.8 32 15.7 1,008
Derby 15.5 2,747 19.3 487 15.6 96 25.0 12 14.4 174 14.7 1,925
Derbyshire 13.3 7,069 17.1 70 18.5 27 33.3 12 13.5 171 13.2 6,739
Devon 14.2 6,559 26.1 23 ~0 5 46.2 13 11.0 109 14.2 6,179
Doncaster 7.4 2,903 13.7 95 3.7 27 20.0 5 8.8 68 7.1 2,677
Dorset 16.4 3,989 35.7 28 28.6 7 33.3 12 22.8 79 16.2 3,827
Dudley 11.6 3,283 16.2 302 11.0 82 75.0 4 14.4 181 10.9 2,643
Ealing 27.5 2,853 23.1 824 16.3 563 81.8 11 35.1 222 36.4 837
East Riding of Yorkshire 14.8 3,151 57.1 7 ~0 3 ~0 3 17.2 58 14.7 3,032
East Sussex 12.9 4,665 32.5 80 12.0 25 41.7 12 14.2 183 12.5 4,274
Enfield 19.3 3,414 40.1 299 12.9 852 82.4 17 23.2 336 17.4 1,619
Essex 14.7 14,040 41.6 380 21.8 440 56.1 41 15.9 546 13.4 12,382
Gateshead 16.2 1,885 27.3 44 14.3 21 60.0 5 30.0 20 15.2 1,729
Gloucestershire 19.8 6,006 33.5 176 18.3 71 53.3 15 23.4 231 19.0 5,417
Greenwich 15.3 2,269 15.7 197 14.1 747 31.3 16 15.9 227 15.6 1,011
Hackney 22.3 2,058 25.2 258 17.5 758 33.3 9 22.7 172 25.7 713
Halton 14.5 1,333 25.0 4 N/A* 0 ~0 1 29.0 31 13.9 1,281
Hammersmith and Fulham 32.4 1,291 26.3 114 19.4 315 33.3 12 29.4 126 43.6 567
Hampshire 16.0 12,497 24.1 319 16.3 123 16.2 37 23.5 323 15.4 11,536
Haringey 19.3 2,190 22.8 158 8.8 566 55.6 9 23.9 222 22.6 1,021
Harrow 24.5 2,044 30.6 912 16.4 311 25.0 8 26.9 167 18.9 507
Hartlepool 9.1 1,016 24.0 25 25.0 4 ~0 1 17.6 17 8.5 966
Havering 19.2 2,774 27.4 146 20.2 366 57.1 7 15.4 143 18.8 2,025
Herefordshire, County of 14.9 1,644 57.1 7 ~0 3 50.0 2 16.2 37 14.7 1,580
Hertfordshire 25.0 12,372 39.8 947 18.6 532 50.8 65 26.9 797 23.6 9,820
Hillingdon 18.7 3,064 29.9 715 13.3 345 25.0 4 17.1 339 13.6 1,410
Hounslow 27.1 2,666 34.2 805 21.7 346 66.7 3 21.5 237 25.7 915
Isle of Wight 8.1 1,070 ~0 5 ~0 2 N/A* 0 ~0 15 8.3 1,042
Isles of Scilly 40.0 15 N/A* 0 N/A* 0 N/A* 0 ~0 1 38.5 13
Islington 17.4 1,404 19.6 179 11.6 406 55.6 9 17.7 181 19.8 484
Kensington and Chelsea 12.0 718 14.6 41 8.3 121 50.0 2 14.3 119 16.2 260
Kent 20.8 15,516 39.6 581 33.8 393 52.6 57 28.6 716 19.0 13,479
Kingston upon Hull, City of 11.4 2,307 8.8 34 13.9 36 100.0 2 23.6 55 11.5 2,036
Kingston upon Thames 40.5 1,515 58.6 384 22.4 76 75.0 12 29.1 134 34.8 841
Kirklees 14.2 4,488 15.1 1,235 5.0 80 60.0 15 9.1 254 14.5 2,861
Knowsley 7.3 929 ~0 4 ~0 2 ~0 1 ~0 12 7.6 900
Lambeth 17.5 2,114 19.8 96 14.8 1,012 50.0 16 15.1 258 23.3 540
Lancashire 13.9 11,631 16.9 1,347 12.2 41 58.3 36 14.7 258 13.3 9,797
Leeds 15.0 7,598 16.1 956 12.0 476 47.4 38 14.6 369 15.6 5,344
Leicester 12.7 3,511 17.9 1,719 11.2 365 14.3 7 10.0 229 5.6 1,108
Leicestershire 14.4 6,837 28.3 547 12.8 78 41.7 12 15.4 260 13.1 5,877
Lewisham 16.3 2,104 16.0 125 9.8 902 24.0 25 17.8 297 24.3 596
Lincludingolnshire 19.7 7,255 65.0 80 41.9 31 48.0 25 29.0 162 18.8 6,878
Liverpool 14.4 4,461 35.9 128 10.5 181 40.9 44 15.8 228 13.5 3,748
Luton 10.8 2,567 14.2 1,177 5.0 282 50.0 8 10.4 183 7.4 863
Manchester 12.7 4,734 17.8 1,068 11.2 815 31.1 45 12.0 375 10.4 2,081
Medway 15.1 2,899 28.2 156 21.8 124 42.9 7 20.6 136 13.7 2,424
Merton 23.9 1,404 27.2 232 15.3 261 40.0 10 12.8 149 28.4 677
Middlesbrough 9.0 1,337 16.9 177 27.8 18 ~0 2 11.4 44 7.1 1,021
Milton Keynes 14.4 2,774 19.2 240 10.4 376 45.5 11 12.0 192 14.5 1,892
Newcastle upon Tyne 16.7 2,438 25.7 268 16.5 91 50.0 16 31.2 77 14.5 1,906
Newham 22.9 3,745 27.5 1,710 18.8 890 44.4 9 23.8 210 16.0 657
Norfolk 12.8 7,486 31.9 94 12.5 88 33.3 18 16.0 181 12.5 6,995
North East Lincludingolnshire 13.3 1,558 20.0 15 33.3 3 50.0 2 13.0 23 14.6 1,360
North Lincludingolnshire 14.6 1,680 14.3 70 ~0 10 33.3 3 16.0 25 14.8 1,526
North Somerset 14.8 2,085 12.5 32 ~0 15 50.0 4 16.7 54 14.8 1,970
North Tyneside 16.9 1,879 20.6 34 11.1 9 ~0 5 40.0 30 16.6 1,782
North Yorkshire 19.6 5,971 34.2 111 29.2 24 40.0 5 23.6 110 19.3 5,654
Northamptonshire 14.4 7,323 21.3 343 10.5 334 28.6 28 13.2 333 14.2 6,196
Northumberland 12.7 3,056 22.0 41 16.7 6 ~0 3 10.3 39 12.7 2,933
Nottingham 8.8 2,539 12.6 467 7.7 285 9.1 11 8.3 240 7.6 1,441
Nottinghamshire 16.2 7,494 31.5 213 18.9 90 45.8 24 13.4 277 15.6 6,792
Oldham 9.0 2,957 4.1 894 15.3 85 57.1 7 8.4 107 11.3 1,781
Oxfordshire 17.0 5,886 10.6 293 9.5 126 60.0 25 17.9 324 17.6 4,944
Peterborough 12.1 2,305 14.5 365 13.8 80 42.9 7 13.8 130 11.1 1,679
Plymouth 14.3 2,480 45.0 20 20.0 15 38.5 13 17.0 47 13.6 2,339
Poole 22.8 1,306 26.3 38 ~0 4 28.6 7 26.4 53 22.7 1,188
Portsmouth 13.3 1,686 26.0 96 22.2 45 60.0 5 9.8 61 11.6 1,437
Reading 27.1 1,076 40.8 211 10.3 87 90.0 20 28.6 91 22.2 621
Redbridge 24.9 3,508 31.2 1,858 14.2 507 66.7 24 21.2 231 17.3 797
Redcar and Cleveland 11.9 1,517 7.7 26 50.0 2 33.3 3 31.3 16 11.7 1,459
Richmond upon Thames 31.1 1,479 37.8 111 12.9 62 33.3 6 25.5 145 32.4 1,110
Rochdale 6.8 2,231 9.6 617 9.1 66 12.5 8 6.8 74 5.5 1,430
Rotherham 10.7 3,141 8.5 272 17.9 28 50.0 8 8.8 68 10.8 2,739
Rutland 14.2 459 25.0 4 25.0 4 N/A* 0 30.0 10 13.7 439
Salford 10.7 2,082 26.2 42 13.3 90 20.0 5 14.1 99 10.0 1,786
Sandwell 6.4 3,634 8.6 1,066 3.5 318 25.0 4 6.6 241 5.6 1,896
Sefton 12.4 2,855 15.2 33 21.4 14 33.3 6 11.7 60 12.4 2,662
Sheffield 14.0 4,993 12.7 550 7.8 230 47.4 19 10.9 294 14.5 3,683
Shropshire 15.0 2,850 10.7 28 25.0 8 36.4 11 13.8 58 14.9 2,695
Slough 23.9 1,679 25.9 891 18.0 139 50.0 6 29.3 133 19.6 429
Solihull 16.1 2,917 19.1 319 11.4 88 42.9 7 8.7 218 16.4 2,204
Somerset 12.1 4,606 4.8 42 ~0 10 22.2 9 20.2 84 12.0 4,421
South Gloucestershire 13.8 2,498 21.3 75 10.3 39 60.0 5 19.2 99 13.3 2,251
South Tyneside 12.1 1,462 29.3 58 42.9 7 ~0 1 20.0 25 11.3 1,324
Southampton 13.4 1,893 14.8 203 14.6 48 50.0 6 17.5 103 12.7 1,511
Southend-on-Sea 28.3 2,019 52.0 200 52.6 133 69.2 13 22.9 83 23.5 1,565
Southwark 24.3 2,386 31.9 138 20.2 1,064 46.7 30 28.1 260 26.0 645
St. Helens 11.8 1,732 7.1 14 16.7 6 66.7 3 20.7 29 11.9 1,634
Staffordshire 11.9 8,288 12.5 287 14.0 43 52.6 19 7.4 229 11.9 7,642
Stockport 17.5 2,571 25.2 151 7.4 27 18.8 16 22.2 108 17.1 2,239
Stockton-on-Tees 15.3 1,929 26.5 117 6.7 15 20.0 5 22.0 41 14.5 1,739
Stoke-on-Trent 8.1 2,168 9.3 355 10.6 66 40.0 5 10.0 80 7.5 1,636
Suffolk 12.4 6,775 24.1 116 9.1 55 33.3 6 12.2 263 12.1 6,206
Sunderland 14.3 2,608 34.4 96 21.4 14 25.0 4 15.2 33 13.4 2,446
Surrey 22.1 9,841 26.2 604 11.8 195 41.9 31 24.0 495 21.7 8,356
Sutton 37.4 2,719 59.6 636 28.1 224 77.5 40 41.6 238 27.5 1,519
Swindon 11.1 2,029 13.9 238 10.0 40 ~0 2 8.7 92 10.9 1,605
Tameside 11.3 2,512 11.3 302 9.5 42 28.6 7 12.5 88 11.3 2,053
Telford and Wrekin 17.7 1,934 28.3 127 23.5 51 54.5 11 12.5 80 16.7 1,654
Thurrock 10.3 1,634 26.8 71 16.0 162 50.0 12 12.9 70 8.4 1,271
Torbay 19.6 1,409 44.4 18 ~0 3 71.4 7 36.4 33 19.7 1,267
Tower Hamlets 17.3 2,721 20.9 1,865 11.3 302 25.0 4 7.2 111 9.0 299
Trafford 33.9 2,850 39.8 377 29.5 95 70.7 41 28.1 185 32.6 2,079
Wakefield 9.9 3,406 11.2 125 17.4 46 30.0 10 17.7 79 9.4 3,123
Walsall 14.8 3,233 21.8 716 16.9 160 50.0 4 16.1 180 12.0 2,142
Waltham Forest 15.6 2,484 15.7 743 11.5 546 53.8 13 16.0 237 16.8 840
Wandsworth 27.1 1,707 27.5 334 17.7 475 71.4 7 33.5 224 30.8 565
Warrington 17.3 2,365 33.3 51 ~0 14 40.0 10 17.6 68 17.0 2,184
Warwickshire 20.3 5,466 40.3 293 22.0 41 44.4 18 23.4 205 19.1 4,809
West Berkshire 21.0 1,741 22.9 48 13.8 29 66.7 3 16.2 68 21.5 1,562
West Sussex 15.9 7,578 22.7 330 8.7 115 22.7 22 14.3 286 15.7 6,736
Westminster 26.5 1,495 20.8 216 16.7 353 66.7 15 29.3 133 38.8 371
Wigan 10.2 3,221 27.6 29 12.5 32 25.0 8 3.6 55 10.2 3,070
Wiltshire 16.2 4,631 26.8 56 11.1 45 41.7 12 23.1 121 16.2 4,241
Windsor and Maidenhead 24.1 1,489 18.2 192 25.8 31 60.0 5 30.6 121 24.7 1,090
Wirral 23.0 3,237 59.3 59 16.7 6 43.8 16 31.8 85 22.0 3,035
Wokingham 26.8 1,636 27.6 185 19.3 57 35.7 14 18.0 89 27.7 1,253
Wolverhampton 10.8 2,612 19.0 578 7.5 266 28.6 7 7.8 269 8.5 1,454
Worcestershire 15.5 5,273 16.3 196 20.8 24 46.2 13 16.8 167 15.4 4,830
York 21.2 1,620 25.0 28 18.2 11 33.3 3 25.0 40 21.0 1,521

Download table data for ‘By ethnicity and area’ (CSV) Source data for ‘By ethnicity and area’ (CSV)

Summary of English Baccalaureate achievement By ethnicity and area Summary

The summary below only includes figures that are based on high enough pupil numbers to make reliable generalisations.

The data shows that:

  • Kingston upon Thames had the highest percentage of pupils achieving the English Baccalaureate (40.5%), and Blackpool had the lowest (4.0%)

5. By ethnicity and gender

Percentage of pupils achieving the English Baccalaureate by ethnicity and gender
All Boys Girls
Ethnicity All % All Pupils Boys % Boys Pupils Girls % Girls Pupils
All 16.7 523,626 12.8 266,906 20.8 256,720
Asian 22.6 55,737 17.5 28,532 28.0 27,205
Bangladeshi 19.0 9,384 14.9 4,620 22.9 4,764
Indian 32.5 14,575 26.0 7,452 39.4 7,123
Pakistani 15.3 22,840 10.8 11,636 19.9 11,204
Asian other 29.1 8,938 23.0 4,824 36.3 4,114
Black 15.1 28,949 10.1 14,334 20.0 14,615
Black African 17.9 18,358 12.3 9,143 23.5 9,215
Black Caribbean 9.1 6,933 5.0 3,355 13.0 3,578
Black other 12.2 3,658 8.4 1,836 16.0 1,822
Chinese 46.4 1,875 40.0 903 52.4 972
Mixed 18.8 24,646 15.1 12,447 22.6 12,199
Mixed White/Asian 26.7 5,537 22.8 2,793 30.7 2,744
Mixed White/Black African 16.5 2,936 11.4 1,474 21.7 1,462
Mixed White/Black Caribbean 10.2 7,093 7.2 3,550 13.3 3,543
Mixed other 21.4 9,080 17.7 4,630 25.2 4,450
White 15.7 396,680 12.0 202,483 19.6 194,197
White British 15.3 367,680 11.6 187,806 19.2 179,874
White Irish 25.6 1,646 20.9 832 30.3 814
Gypsy/Roma 0.6 1,107 0.4 517 0.8 590
Irish Traveller 0.0 111 0.0 55 0.0 56
White other 20.9 26,136 16.9 13,273 25.1 12,863
Other 21.3 8,573 17.5 4,462 25.4 4,111
Unknown 12.9 7,166 10.3 3,745.00 15.8 3,421

Download table data for ‘By ethnicity and gender’ (CSV) Source data for ‘By ethnicity and gender’ (CSV)

Summary of English Baccalaureate achievement By ethnicity and gender Summary

The data shows that:

  • a higher percentage of girls achieved the English Baccalaureate (EBacc) than boys, at 20.8% compared with 12.8%
  • out of the 6 broad ethnic groups, girls and boys from the Chinese ethnic group were most likely to achieve the EBacc, at 52.4% and 40.0%
  • out of the 6 broad ethnic groups, Black boys were the least likely to achieve the EBacc at 10.1%
  • out of the 18 specific ethnic groups, after Gypsy/Roma pupils and those of Irish Traveller Heritage (where less than 1% of pupils achieved the EBacc), Black Caribbean boys were least likely to achieve the EBacc at 5.0%
  • pupils from the Indian and Other Asian ethnic groups had the biggest gap between boys and girls at 13 percentage points

6. By ethnicity, gender and eligibility for free school meals

Percentage of pupils achieving the English Baccalaureate by ethnicity, gender and eligibility for free school meals
Boys: free school meals Boys: no free school meals Girls: free school meals Girls: no free school meals
Ethnicity Boys: free school meals % Boys: free school meals Pupils Boys: no free school meals % Boys: no free school meals Pupils Girls: free school meals % Girls: free school meals Pupils Girls: no free school meals % Girls: no free school meals Pupils
All 4.3 33,697 14.0 233,209 8.0 32,668 22.6 224,052
Asian 8.1 4,331 19.2 24,201 16.1 4,279 30.3 22,926
Bangladeshi 10.0 1,093 16.4 3,527 17.0 1,163 24.9 3,601
Indian 11.4 457 26.9 6,995 20.0 500 40.9 6,623
Pakistani 6.0 2,225 11.9 9,411 13.0 2,139 21.5 9,065
Asian other 10.1 556 24.7 4,268 23.1 477 38.1 3,637
Black 6.4 2,880 11.1 11,454 13.9 3,032 21.6 11,583
Black African 8.0 1,774 13.4 7,369 17.5 1,865 25.0 7,350
Black Caribbean 2.3 734 5.8 2,621 6.9 797 14.7 2,781
Black other 6.7 372 8.9 1,464 11.1 370 17.3 1,452
Chinese 20.5 44 41.0 859 44.4 63 52.9 909
Mixed 5.6 2,213 17.2 10,234 9.3 2,183 25.4 10,016
Mixed White/Asian 7.8 357 25.0 2,436 12.2 352 33.4 2,392
Mixed White/Black African 5.6 286 12.8 1,188 10.3 272 24.3 1,190
Mixed White/Black Caribbean 2.2 811 8.7 2,739 5.7 803 15.5 2,740
Mixed other 8.2 759 19.5 3,871 11.2 756 28.0 3,694
White 2.7 22,720 13.1 179,763 5.0 21,607 21.4 172,590
White British 2.4 21,285 12.8 166,521 4.4 20,172 21.0 159,702
White Irish 6.5 93 22.7 739 10.5 95 33.0 719
Gypsy/Roma 0.0 170 0.6 347 0.6 174 1.0 416
Irish Traveller 0.0 32 0.0 23 0.0 35 0.0 21
White other 9.5 1,140 17.6 12,133 15.8 1,131 26.0 11,732
Other 13.4 1,000 18.7 3,462 17.9 980 27.8 3,131
Unknown 2.0 509 11.6 3,236 5.9 524 17.6 2,897

Download table data for ‘By ethnicity, gender and eligibility for free school meals’ (CSV) Source data for ‘By ethnicity, gender and eligibility for free school meals’ (CSV)

Summary of English Baccalaureate achievement By ethnicity, gender and eligibility for free school meals Summary

Eligibility for free school meals (FSM) is used as an indicator of deprivation by the Department for Education.

The data shows that:

  • 8.0% of girls who were eligible for free school meals (FSM) achieved the English Baccalaureate (EBacc), compared with 4.3% of FSM-eligible boys
  • among FSM-eligible pupils, girls from the Chinese ethnic group had the highest percentage achieving the EBacc, at 44.4%
  • boys from the White British (2.4%), Black Caribbean (2.3%), and Mixed White and Black Caribbean (2.2%) ethnic groups had the lowest percentage of FSM-eligible pupils achieving the EBacc (excluding Gypsy/Roma boys and those from an Irish Traveller background, where less than 1% of pupils achieved the EBacc)
  • among FSM-eligible pupils, the biggest gaps between girls and boys was in the Chinese ethnic group, at 24 percentage points
  • FSM-eligible White British pupils had the smallest gap between girls (4.4%) and boys (2.4%), at 2 percentage points

7. By ethnicity, gender and area

Percentage of pupils achieving the English Baccalaureate by ethnicity, gender and area
All Asian Black Chinese Mixed White
Geography All All All Boys All Girls Asian All Asian Boys Asian Girls Black All Black Boys Black Girls Chinese All Chinese Boys Chinese Girls Mixed All Mixed Boys Mixed Girls White All White Boys White Girls
All - England 16.8 12.8 20.9 22.8 17.7 28.2 15.3 10.3 20.2 46.9 40.6 52.7 18.9 15.2 22.6 15.7 12.0 19.6
Barking and Dagenham 13.4 8.6 18.4 18.0 10.2 25.9 16.8 11.9 22.0 100.0 N/A* 100.0 9.4 1.8 15.7 8.9 6.0 12.1
Barnet 37.3 31.9 43.2 60.9 61.8 60.0 19.5 11.9 28.0 68.2 50.0 83.3 38.4 33.2 43.8 35.3 27.9 43.2
Barnsley 8.9 5.6 12.3 25.0 ~0 50.0 ~0 ~0 ~0 N/A* N/A* N/A* 22.9 18.8 26.3 8.6 5.4 11.8
Bath and North East Somerset 19.7 10.9 28.3 34.8 10.0 53.8 16.7 16.7 16.7 60.0 ~0 100.0 20.2 15.6 24.5 19.8 10.9 28.5
Bedford 11.7 8.8 15.0 11.2 7.7 15.1 11.0 6.1 16.7 ~0 ~0 N/A* 8.6 4.6 13.8 12.0 9.7 14.5
Bexley 23.3 19.8 26.7 42.7 36.1 49.6 29.8 21.3 37.2 51.5 40.0 61.1 20.1 16.0 24.0 18.8 17.7 20.0
Birmingham 16.7 12.8 20.7 17.3 13.5 21.2 12.5 7.3 18.1 66.7 68.2 65.0 17.1 15.9 18.4 17.0 12.9 21.3
Blackburn with Darwen 15.8 11.6 20.4 27.1 18.9 36.0 7.7 ~0 20.0 33.3 N/A* 33.3 13.3 4.8 20.8 5.5 5.1 5.9
Blackpool 4.0 3.3 4.7 ~0 ~0 ~0 ~0 ~0 ~0 ~0 ~0 ~0 ~0 ~0 ~0 4.2 3.5 5.0
Bolton 14.6 9.6 20.0 23.9 12.9 35.8 21.2 19.2 23.3 60.0 N/A* 60.0 12.8 11.1 14.5 11.3 7.8 15.0
Bournemouth 23.2 20.0 26.5 39.0 30.4 50.0 14.3 ~0 25.0 57.1 50.0 62.5 16.2 14.6 18.2 23.0 20.0 25.9
Bracknell Forest 16.2 12.2 20.3 23.7 22.6 25.0 14.3 11.1 16.7 ~0 N/A* ~0 19.5 16.7 23.5 15.7 11.2 20.1
Bradford 12.6 9.5 15.8 14.1 10.6 17.5 12.5 13.7 11.3 33.3 100.0 ~0 8.2 6.2 10.5 11.5 8.6 14.6
Brent 27.6 23.2 32.4 34.3 27.2 42.2 18.1 12.7 23.1 33.3 33.3 N/A* 24.2 14.4 35.8 22.7 19.0 27.0
Brighton and Hove 17.2 15.1 19.4 19.3 17.9 20.7 13.8 11.5 15.6 38.5 33.3 42.9 19.9 16.5 23.4 16.7 14.7 18.9
Bristol, City of 13.4 9.1 17.4 16.5 11.3 21.9 7.0 3.5 10.3 23.1 ~0 33.3 12.9 9.8 16.0 14.1 9.6 18.3
Bromley 27.3 21.2 33.4 56.0 60.0 52.7 25.8 13.5 35.3 60.6 53.8 65.0 24.9 23.0 26.6 26.2 20.0 32.7
Buckinghamshire 26.4 21.5 31.7 25.1 18.6 32.0 26.2 17.6 34.4 44.4 42.9 45.5 28.4 27.4 29.6 26.5 22.0 31.3
Bury 16.7 14.2 19.4 19.2 14.4 24.0 8.7 10.3 5.9 37.5 50.0 25.0 12.4 13.2 11.4 16.4 13.6 19.3
Calderdale 16.5 13.7 19.2 15.6 12.5 19.0 11.5 9.1 13.3 50.0 66.7 ~0 21.9 22.5 21.2 16.4 13.4 19.4
Cambridgeshire 19.8 16.1 23.7 27.4 23.0 31.3 13.1 12.9 13.3 58.3 66.7 50.0 27.3 24.6 30.3 19.1 15.2 23.3
Camden 19.8 12.8 24.9 13.5 8.4 18.2 12.8 9.0 15.5 27.3 20.0 33.3 18.8 13.2 22.1 27.7 18.0 34.6
Central Bedfordshire 11.8 9.7 14.0 10.0 3.8 16.7 10.7 13.0 9.1 44.4 ~0 80.0 7.9 7.4 8.3 11.9 9.9 13.9
Cheshire East 15.9 10.5 21.4 16.4 9.7 23.3 16.7 ~0 33.3 37.5 25.0 50.0 12.9 12.0 14.3 15.8 10.4 21.4
Cheshire West and Chester 17.4 12.7 22.3 26.7 21.1 36.4 8.3 ~0 16.7 30.0 16.7 50.0 22.0 10.3 33.3 17.1 12.8 21.8
City of London N/A* N/A* N/A* N/A* N/A* N/A* N/A* N/A* N/A* N/A* N/A* N/A* N/A* N/A* N/A* N/A* N/A* N/A*
Cornwall 11.9 8.3 15.6 12.5 11.1 14.3 20.0 ~0 33.3 ~0 ~0 ~0 19.5 15.6 24.3 11.7 8.1 15.4
County Durham 13.2 10.6 15.9 15.6 13.0 22.2 18.2 12.5 33.3 66.7 75.0 50.0 12.2 14.3 10.7 13.2 10.5 16.0
Coventry 12.3 8.2 16.7 19.1 12.5 25.9 10.1 6.4 14.1 33.3 25.0 50.0 9.9 8.0 12.0 10.6 7.0 14.2
Croydon 16.0 11.4 20.3 17.2 13.0 21.4 12.0 6.2 17.5 61.5 50.0 71.4 18.4 15.0 21.4 17.9 13.3 21.9
Cumbria 15.0 11.2 18.9 26.7 21.4 31.3 13.3 15.4 ~0 46.7 44.4 50.0 22.0 14.8 28.1 14.7 10.8 18.7
Darlington 16.0 14.1 18.0 15.6 18.2 14.3 20.0 ~0 33.3 ~0 ~0 ~0 18.8 15.4 21.1 15.7 13.4 18.3
Derby 15.5 12.1 19.2 19.3 17.2 21.4 15.6 10.9 20.0 25.0 25.0 25.0 14.4 10.9 20.3 14.7 11.2 18.5
Derbyshire 13.3 9.0 17.8 17.1 12.2 24.1 18.5 25.0 9.1 33.3 33.3 33.3 13.5 7.0 20.0 13.2 8.9 17.6
Devon 14.2 10.9 17.8 26.1 37.5 20.0 ~0 ~0 ~0 46.2 60.0 37.5 11.0 11.9 10.0 14.2 10.7 18.1
Doncaster 7.4 5.5 9.5 13.7 11.1 17.1 3.7 7.1 ~0 20.0 ~0 33.3 8.8 4.9 14.8 7.1 5.3 9.0
Dorset 16.4 13.3 20.0 35.7 43.8 25.0 28.6 25.0 33.3 33.3 33.3 33.3 22.8 19.2 29.6 16.2 12.9 19.8
Dudley 11.6 7.7 15.7 16.2 10.1 22.1 11.0 6.3 17.6 75.0 100.0 50.0 14.4 9.4 20.0 10.9 7.5 14.4
Ealing 27.5 22.4 32.3 23.1 19.7 26.1 16.3 10.8 21.8 81.8 87.5 66.7 35.1 25.5 44.0 36.4 31.2 41.7
East Riding of Yorkshire 14.8 10.2 19.5 57.1 40.0 100.0 ~0 ~0 N/A* ~0 ~0 N/A* 17.2 9.4 26.9 14.7 10.1 19.4
East Sussex 12.9 9.6 16.5 32.5 23.3 38.0 12.0 20.0 ~0 41.7 66.7 33.3 14.2 11.3 16.5 12.5 9.2 16.1
Enfield 19.3 15.0 23.8 40.1 31.8 49.3 12.9 8.1 17.9 82.4 62.5 100.0 23.2 20.5 26.3 17.4 14.2 20.8
Essex 14.7 11.4 18.2 41.6 36.0 48.8 21.8 11.9 30.3 56.1 45.0 66.7 15.9 14.9 17.0 13.4 10.3 16.7
Gateshead 16.2 12.5 20.0 27.3 22.6 38.5 14.3 ~0 30.0 60.0 100.0 50.0 30.0 14.3 38.5 15.2 12.0 18.5
Gloucestershire 19.8 15.9 23.9 33.5 23.7 45.6 18.3 20.0 16.7 53.3 37.5 71.4 23.4 21.2 25.4 19.0 15.1 23.1
Greenwich 15.3 11.2 19.5 15.7 15.1 16.5 14.1 8.0 20.1 31.3 30.0 33.3 15.9 8.4 24.1 15.6 12.6 18.6
Hackney 22.3 19.2 24.8 25.2 21.3 28.7 17.5 11.7 21.8 33.3 ~0 60.0 22.7 21.2 24.1 25.7 23.3 27.5
Halton 14.5 11.1 17.9 25.0 50.0 ~0 N/A* N/A* N/A* ~0 N/A* ~0 29.0 33.3 23.1 13.9 10.2 17.7
Hammersmith and Fulham 32.4 25.7 38.9 26.3 19.0 35.3 19.4 16.6 22.0 33.3 28.6 40.0 29.4 15.8 40.6 43.6 34.0 53.2
Hampshire 16.0 12.4 19.8 24.1 16.9 32.7 16.3 12.7 20.0 16.2 16.7 15.8 23.5 22.0 25.0 15.4 11.9 19.2
Haringey 19.3 15.6 22.9 22.8 14.7 30.1 8.8 4.7 13.5 55.6 60.0 50.0 23.9 17.4 30.1 22.6 21.1 24.1
Harrow 24.5 18.1 30.6 30.6 23.5 37.9 16.4 7.2 23.7 25.0 ~0 50.0 26.9 22.4 31.7 18.9 14.1 23.3
Hartlepool 9.1 4.9 13.2 24.0 15.4 33.3 25.0 N/A* 25.0 ~0 N/A* ~0 17.6 22.2 12.5 8.5 4.3 12.7
Havering 19.2 16.0 22.6 27.4 25.7 29.2 20.2 13.0 27.0 57.1 50.0 60.0 15.4 19.0 10.9 18.8 15.9 21.9
Herefordshire, County of 14.9 10.0 20.1 57.1 ~0 80.0 ~0 ~0 ~0 50.0 50.0 N/A* 16.2 23.1 12.5 14.7 9.9 19.9
Hertfordshire 25.0 20.4 29.8 39.8 31.4 49.7 18.6 14.2 22.9 50.8 42.9 56.8 26.9 25.7 28.1 23.6 19.2 28.2
Hillingdon 18.7 13.8 23.9 29.9 22.2