Car or van ownership


  1. 1. Main facts and figures
  2. 2. By ethnicity
  3. 3. Methodology
  4. 4. Data sources
  5. 5. Download the data

1. Main facts and figures

  • overall, an average of 19% of people had no access to a car or van in 2013/17, the same figure as in 2002/6
  • in every period from 2002/6 to 2013/17, White people were more likely to live in a household with access to a car or van than any other ethnic group
  • in 2013/17, Black people were more than twice as likely as White people to live in a household with no access to a car or van
Things you need to know

The National Travel Survey (NTS) has been run in the same way from 2002/06 to 2013/17. This means there is a high level of consistency in the data.

To increase the reliability of the data, the Department for Transport combines data for each year into a 5-year average. This process continues over a series of overlapping 5-year periods.

This type of survey methodology increases the reliability of the data. However, tests for significant differences between ethnic groups have not been carried out. Commentary has been supplied for those findings where there are relatively large differences between ethnic groups or modes of transport.

Since 2013, the NTS has surveyed people living in England only, whereas previously it also included residents of Scotland and Wales. To ensure the data on this page is consistent, responses from residents of Scotland and Wales for the years up to 2013 have been excluded.

The number of respondents for each ethnic group in the 2013/17 period (before weighting was applied) was:

  • Asian: 4,755
  • Black: 1,998
  • Mixed: 635
  • White: 61,425
  • Other: 805

Because of the smaller number of respondents from the Mixed and Other ethnic groups, any generalisations based on the results for these groups should be used with caution.

People from ethnic minority groups are more likely than White people to live in urban areas, where fewer people own and drive cars. (The 2011 Census found that 98% of Black and Asian people lived in urban areas, compared to 80% of White people. Find out more about regional ethnic diversity).

The data for ‘All ethnic groups’ includes people who did not give their ethnicity. In the data for 2013/17, 37 people answering this question (0.05%) did not state their ethnicity.

What the data measures

This data measures the percentage of people aged 17 and over in England living in households with no access to a car or van. Data is broken down by ethnicity.

The data comes from the Department for Transport’s National Travel Survey.

The ethnic categories used in this data

For this data, the number of people surveyed (the ‘sample size’) was too small to draw any firm conclusions about specific ethnic categories. Therefore, the data is broken down into the following 5 broad groups:

  • Asian/Asian British
  • Black/African/Caribbean/Black British
  • Mixed/Multiple ethnic groups
  • White
  • Other ethnic group

2. By ethnicity

Percentage of people aged 17 years and over with no access to a car or van, by ethnicity over time
Time All Asian Black Mixed White Other
% % % % % %
2002/06 19 23 40 39 18 37
2003/07 19 23 42 38 18 38
2004/08 19 22 42 35 18 38
2005/09 19 22 41 35 18 41
2006/10 19 22 41 33 18 38
2007/11 19 24 42 36 18 38
2008/12 20 25 43 36 18 40
2009/13 20 24 43 36 18 38
2010/14 20 24 43 36 18 34
2011/15 19 24 42 35 18 37
2012/16 19 22 41 30 18 35
2013/17 19 21 41 30 18 35

Download table data (CSV) Source data (CSV)


This data shows that:

  • in the period from 2013 and 2017, an average of 19% of people aged 17 years and over in England lived in a household with no access to a car or van
  • Black people were most likely to have no access to a car or van out of all ethnic groups (at 41%), followed by people from the Other ethnic group (at 35%), people with Mixed ethnicity (at 30%), Asian people (at 21%), and White people (at 18%)
  • for most ethnic groups, the percentage of people in households without access to a car or van in 2013/17 remained broadly similar to the 2002/06 figure
  • although the figures show a 9 percentage point decrease in people with Mixed ethnicity with no access to a car, the numbers of people surveyed was too small to draw firm conclusions on the overall trend for this ethnic group

3. Methodology

The denominators are the weighted number of people aged 17 and over in the National Travel Survey (NTS) in each ethnic group. The numerators are the weighted number of people aged 17 and over in the NTS who lived in households with no access to a car or a van in each ethnic group.

The NTS data collection consists of a face-to-face interview and a 7-day self-completed written travel diary, allowing travel patterns to be linked with individual characteristics. The NTS covers travel by people in all age groups, including children.

In 2013, the survey coverage changed from sampling residents of England, Wales and Scotland, to residents of England only. Approximately 16,000 individuals in 7,000 households in England participate in the NTS each year.


Weighting is used to adjust the results of a survey to make them representative of the population and improve their accuracy.

For example, a survey which contains 25% women and 75% men will not accurately reflect the views of the general population, which has an even 50/50 split.

Statisticians rebalance or ‘weight’ the survey results to more accurately represent the general population. This helps to make them more reliable.

Survey weights are usually applied to make sure the survey sample has broadly the same gender, age, ethnic and geographic make up as the general population.

Responses to the NTS are weighted to take account of different population demographics, but are not grossed to England totals. They are also weighted to take into account people who didn’t respond or didn’t complete their travel diary in full.

Statistics from the NTS were assessed during 2010 by the UK Statistics Authority. An assessment report was published in October 2010. The statistics were confirmed as National Statistics in July 2011.

Suppression rules and disclosure control

Values of fewer than 100 people or 300 trips (before weighting is applied) have been suppressed. ‘Suppression’ means the figures have not been included in the data, because the numbers involved are too small to draw any meaningful conclusions.

For example, in the latest 5-year period, there were only 635 and 805 individuals in the 'Mixed' and 'Other' ethnic groups respectively, so the data does not support further detailed breakdowns as these estimates would be unreliable.

Where the size of the ethnic group population is small enough that an individual’s identity could be revealed, some other figures have also been excluded.


Figures are rounded to the nearest whole percentage. The percentages calculated in the tables are based on unrounded figures.

Related publications

Previous National Travel Survey reports are available.

Quality and methodology information

4. Data sources


Type of data

Survey data

Type of statistic

National Statistics


Department for Transport

Publication frequency


Purpose of data source

The National Travel Survey (NTS) is a household survey designed to monitor long-term trends in personal travel and to inform the development of policy.

It is the main source of data on personal travel patterns within England, Scotland and Wales by residents of England.

The survey collects information on how, why, when and where people travel as well as factors affecting travel (for example, car availability and whether people hold driving licences).

5. Download the data

Car or van ownership - Spreadsheet (csv) 9 KB

This file contains the following: ethnicity, year, value, numerator, denominator, sample size