Feeling of community integration


1. Main facts and figures

  • in 2018/19, 81% of people aged 16 and over in England agreed that people from different backgrounds got on well in their local area
  • 86% of Black and Asian people agreed that people from different backgrounds got on well compared with 81% of White people
  • between 2016/17 and 2018/19, there was an estimated 9 percentage point increase in Black people agreeing that people from different backgrounds got on well in their local area
Things you need to know

The data comes from The Community Life Survey (previously the Citizenship Survey). It surveys a random sample of the population to make generalisations about the whole population.

The commentary for this data only includes reliable findings. Findings are reliable ('statistically significant’) when we can be confident they reflect the whole population. This means we would get similar findings 19 times out of 20 if we carried out the same survey on different random samples of the population.

As with all surveys, the estimates are subject to a degree of uncertainty as they are based on a sample of the population. Ethnic minority groups tend to have a smaller number of survey respondents. As a result, their estimates are less reliable than those for White people.

Results by ethnic group are available in the reference tables of the latest Community Life Survey publication.

What the data measures

This data measures how well integrated people feel their neighbourhood is, broken down by ethnicity.

Respondents to the Community Life Survey aged 16 and over were asked: ‘To what extent do you agree or disagree that your local area is a place where people from different backgrounds get on well together?’

Respondents could answer ‘definitely agree’, ‘tend to agree, ‘tend to disagree’ or ‘definitely disagree’.

Those who answered ‘Tend to agree’ or ‘Definitely agree’ were categorised as thinking their area is well integrated.

The ethnic categories used in this data

Respondents were asked to select their ethnic group from a choice of 18 categories.

However, the number of people surveyed was too small to draw any firm conclusions based on the 18 groups.

Therefore, data is shown for these 5 broad groups:

  • Asian
  • Black
  • Mixed
  • White
  • Other

2. By ethnicity

Percentage of individuals who felt people from different backgrounds got on well in their local area, by ethnicity
2016-17 2017-18 2018-19
Ethnicity 2016-17 Percentage 2016-17 Number of respondents 2017-18 Percentage 2017-18 Number of respondents 2018-19 Percentage 2018-19 Number of respondents
All 81 9,963 82 9,551 81 10,344
Asian 85 1,095 84 906 86 901
Black 77 354 78 330 86 335
Mixed 80 460 82 460 83 484
White 81 7,774 83 7,572 81 8,327
Other 81 159 78 120 78 121

Download table data for ‘By ethnicity’ (CSV) Source data for ‘By ethnicity’ (CSV)

Summary of Feeling of community integration By ethnicity Summary

This data shows that:

  • in 2018/19, 81% of people aged 16 and over in England agreed that people from different backgrounds got on well in their local area
  • more than 75% of respondents in every ethnic group agreed that people from different backgrounds got on well
  • Black and Asian people were more likely to agree than White people
  • this compares to 2017/18 when rates were similar between the ethnic groups
  • the percentage of Black people agreeing has increased from 77% in 2016/17 to 86% in 2018/19

3. Methodology

The Community Life Survey consists of an online or paper questionnaire. In 2018/19, it was completed by 10,627 individuals.

It deliberately surveyed more households from ethnic minority groups, (excluding White ethnic minorities). This is because the smaller populations of these groups would otherwise give less reliable results.

The 2016/17 and 2017/18 survey samples are large enough for the results to be broken down by 5 broad ethnic groups. Before 2016/17, sample sizes were smaller. This meant it was only possible to compare White people with those from all other ethnic groups combined.

In 2014/15 and 2015/16, sample sizes ranged from around 2,000 to 3,000 respondents. This was too small to draw reliable conclusions about differences between the White and Other ethnic groups. For these reasons, results for 2016/17 onwards are not compared with those from 2014/15 to 2015/16.

For earlier years, results are available for reference purposes from the Community Life Survey.


Weighting is used to adjust the results of a survey to make them representative of the population and improve their accuracy.

For example, a survey which contains 25% females and 75% males will not accurately reflect the views of the general population, which we know is around 50% male and 50% female.

Statisticians rebalance or ‘weight’ the survey results to more accurately represent the general population. This helps to make them more reliable.

Survey weights are usually applied to make sure the survey sample has broadly the same gender, age, ethnic and geographic makeup as the general population. In this case they also took account of the over-sampling in any national estimates.

Suppression rules and disclosure control

Results are not published when based on fewer than 30 respondents. All the results presented here are based on sample sizes of more than 100 respondents.


Estimates in the charts and tables are given to the nearest percentage.

Quality and methodology information

4. Data sources


Type of data

Survey data

Type of statistic

Official statistics


Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport

Publication frequency


Purpose of data source

The Community Life Survey tracks developments in areas that are important to encouraging social action and empowering communities.

These include:

  • volunteering and charitable giving
  • neighbourhood (views about the local area, community cohesion and belonging)
  • civic engagement and social action
  • well-being

5. Download the data