Feeling of belonging to Britain
1. Main facts and figures
- in 2018/19, 84% of people aged 16 and over in England said they felt strongly that they belong to Britain
- across the different ethnic groups, between 62% and 85% of people said they felt strongly that they belong to Britain
- White people were more likely to say they felt strongly that they belong to Britain than people from the Black and Other ethnic groups
The ethnic categories used in this data
Respondents were asked to select their ethnic group from a choice of 18 categories.
However, the number of people surveyed was too small to draw any firm conclusions based on the 18 groups.
Therefore, data is shown for these 5 broad groups:
2. By ethnicity
|Ethnicity||2016-17 %||2016-17 Number of respondents||2017-18 %||2017-18 Number of respondents||2018-19 %||2018-19 Number of respondents|
Summary of Feeling of belonging to Britain By ethnicity Summary
The Community Life Survey consists of an online or paper questionnaire. In 2018/19, it was completed by 10,627 individuals.
It deliberately surveyed more households from ethnic minority groups, (excluding White ethnic minorities). This is because the smaller populations of these groups would otherwise give less reliable results.
The 2016/17 to 2018/19 survey samples are large enough for the results to be broken down by 5 broad ethnic groups.
In 2014/15 and 2015/16, sample sizes ranged from around 2,000 to 3,000 respondents. This was too small to draw reliable conclusions about differences between the White and Other ethnic groups. For these reasons, results for 2016/17 onwards are not compared with those from 2014/15 to 2015/16.
For earlier years, results are available for reference purposes from the Community Life Survey.
Weighting is used to adjust the results of a survey to make them representative of the population and improve their accuracy.
For example, a survey which contains 25% females and 75% males will not accurately reflect the views of the general population, which we know is around 50% male and 50% female.
Statisticians rebalance or ‘weight’ the survey results to more accurately represent the general population. This helps to make them more reliable.
Survey weights are usually applied to make sure the survey sample has broadly the same gender, age, ethnic and geographic make up as the general population. In this case they also took account of the over-sampling in any national estimates.
Suppression rules and disclosure control
Results are not published when based on fewer than 30 respondents. All the results presented here are based on sample sizes of more than 80 respondents.
Estimates in the charts and tables are given to the nearest percentage.
4. Data sources
Type of data
Type of statistic
Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport
Purpose of data source
The Community Life Survey tracks developments in areas that are important to encouraging social action and empowering communities.
- volunteering and charitable giving
- neighbourhood (views about the local area, community cohesion and belonging)
- civic engagement and social action