1. Main facts and figures
- overall, in 2016/17, there was an average of 418 incidents per month where force was used by staff on young people in young offender institutions and secure training centres in England and Wales
- the rate of use of force incidents was lower for White young people in custody than for young people from all other ethnic groups combined
- the greatest differences between White young people in custody and those from all other ethnic groups combined in the rate force was used were found in Feltham Young Offender Institution and Cookham Wood Young Offender Institution
The ethnic categories used in this data
The number of young people involved in incidents of use of force was too small to draw any firm conclusions based on specific ethnic categories. Therefore, the data is broken down into the following 2 broad categories:
- White – White ethnic groups (including White British and White ethnic minorities)
- Other – all other ethnic minorities
2. By ethnicity of offender
|Establishment||Average number of incidents per 100 young people||Average number of incidents||Average number of incidents per 100 young people||Average number of incidents|
|Cookham Wood YOI||30.8||22||47.1||52|
Young people report their own ethnicity. Staff working in secure training centres and young offender institutions then record this information on an administrative system.
Use of force incidents are measured as the rate per 100 young people in custody. The numbers of young people in custody are counted at the beginning of each month, updated to include new admissions during the month, and then averaged across a 12-month period.
The data does not include young people in custody for whom ethnicity wasn’t known.
Rates per 100 young people have been rounded to 1 decimal place.
Further technical information
Data received from the establishments through monthly returns is validated through a reconciliation process on an annual basis. Figures published before the release of the 2016/17 Youth justice statistics may have been revised since their original publication.
4. Data sources
Type of data
Type of statistic
Ministry of Justice
Purpose of data source
The data is used by the government to develop, monitor and evaluate criminal justice policy for young people in custody. It reports on activity in the criminal justice system for England and Wales, giving information for the latest year and also longer-term trends.
5. Download the data
This file contains the following: ethnicity, year, geography, value, numerator