Single separation incidents for young people in custody

Published

1. Main facts and figures

  • between April 2018 and March 2019, there was a higher rate of single separation incidents (where a young person is locked alone in a room during the day and against their will) among White young people in custody compared with young people from all other ethnic groups combined

  • the year ending March 2018 was the only year that White young people had a lower rate of single separation incidents than those from all other ethnic groups combined

Things you need to know

The circumstances are different for each single separation incident. You should avoid simple conclusions or direct comparisons between ethnic groups.

The data counts every single separation incident. It does not show:

  • the number of prisoners involved in single separation incidents
  • how often they were involved

Young people involved in repeated incidents will be included in the data more than once.

The data does not include young people in custody whose ethnicity wasn’t known.

What the data measures

This data measures the average number of single separation incidents per 100 young people in custody per month. It also shows the average number of incidents per month.

It includes young people being held in:

  • secure children’s homes
  • secure training centres

'Young people’ are 10 to 17 years old. The data may also include some 18 year olds.

The ethnic categories used in this data

The number of young people involved in restrictive physical interventions was too small to make reliable generalisations about specific ethnic categories.

Because of this, we show data for 2 ethnic groups:

  • White – White ethnic groups (including White British and White ethnic minorities)

  • Other – all other ethnic minorities

2. By ethnicity over time

Rate of single separation incidents per 100 young people in custody per month, and average number of single separation incidents per month, by ethnicity over time
White Other than White
Time White Number of single separation incidents per 100 young people per month White Average number of single separation incidents per month Other than White Number of single separation incidents per 100 young people per month Other than White Average number of single separation incidents per month
2010/11 66.2 276.9 59.9 94.9
2011/12 59.7 240.1 44.0 83.3
2012/13 52.2 187.4 22.8 38.6
2013/14 48.3 168.1 19.1 31.3
2014/15 37.2 101.5 29.6 46.2
2015/16 58.7 152.0 39.6 51.6
2016/17 103.3 216.4 75.0 77.8
2017/18 94.7 211.8 95.9 106.5
2018/19 95.9 165.9 78.1 93.3

Download table data for ‘By ethnicity over time’ (CSV) Source data for ‘By ethnicity over time’ (CSV)

Summary of Single separation incidents for young people in custody By ethnicity over time Summary

The data shows that, on average in the year ending March 2019, there were:

  • 95.9 single separation incidents per 100 White young people in custody per month

  • 78.1 per 100 young people from all other ethnic groups combined

It also shows that:

  • the year ending March 2018 was the only year in which White young people had a lower rate of single separation incidents than those from all other ethnic groups combined

  • the rate of single separation incidents per 100 White people rose from 37.2 to 95.9 between April 2014 to March 2019, following a period of 5 years where the rate had fallen from 66.2 to 37.2

  • the rate of single separation incidents per 100 young people from all other ethnic groups combined rose from 19.1 to 95.9 between April 2013 to March 2018, before falling to 78.1 in the year ending March 2019

3. Methodology

Young people in custody report their own ethnicity, which staff then record.

The number of young people in custody is counted at the start of each month. Figures also include new admissions during the month, and then averaged across a 12-month period.

Rounding

Average numbers of incidents and rates per 100 have been rounded to 1 decimal point. All calculations have been made using unrounded figures.

Related publications

Youth justice statistics.

Quality and methodology information

Further technical information

Figures published before the release of the 2018 to 2019 youth justice statistics may have been revised since their original publication.

4. Data sources

Source

Type of data

Administrative data

Type of statistic

National Statistics

Publisher

Ministry of Justice

Publication frequency

Yearly

Purpose of data source

The data is used by the government to develop, monitor and evaluate criminal justice policy for young offenders in England and Wales.

5. Download the data

Single Separation Incidents in custody data - Spreadsheet (csv) 2 KB

This file contains the following: measure, ethnicity, year, value, numerator, denominator