Single separation incidents for young people in custody

Published

Contents
  1. 1. Main facts and figures
  2. 2. By ethnicity
  3. 3. Methodology
  4. 4. Data sources
  5. 5. Download the data

1. Main facts and figures

  • in 2016/17, White young people in custody had a higher rate of single separation incidents (where they are locked alone in a room) per 100 young people in custody per month, compared with young people from all other ethnic groups combined
  • between 2010/11 and 2016/17, the rate of single separation incidents for White young people was consistently higher than for young people from all other ethnic groups combined
Things you need to know

Simple conclusions or direct comparisons between ethnic groups should be avoided, because the circumstances are different for each use of force.

The data counts every single separation incident. Some individual young people may be involved in repeated single separation incidents, so they will be included in the data multiple times. This means that the rate per 100 young people in custody per month should be considered with some caution.

What the data measures

This data measures the average number of ‘single separation incidents’ per 100 young people in custody per month (the rate) in each year covered, broken down by 2 broad ethnic groups.

A single separation incident is when a young person in custody is locked alone in their bedroom or other area as a way to control them.

'Young people’ are aged between 10 and 17 years. The data may also include some 18 year olds.

The data includes young people held in:

  • secure children’s homes
  • secure training centres

For each financial year covered, the data in the table shows the:

  • average number of single separation incidents in custody per month
  • average rate of single separation incidents per 100 young people in custody per month

If a young person has multiple single separation incidents, each one is counted as a separate incident.

The ethnic categories used in this data

The number of young people involved in single separation incidents was too small to draw any firm conclusions based on specific ethnic categories. Therefore, the data is broken down into the following 2 broad categories:

  • White – White ethnic groups (including White British and White ethnic minorities)
  • Other – all other ethnic minorities

2. By ethnicity

Rate of single separation incidents per 100 young people in custody per month, and average number of single separation incidents per month, by ethnicity
White Other
Year Number of single separation incidents per 100 young people per month Average number of single separation incidents per month Number of single separation incidents per 100 young people per month Average number of single separation incidents per month
2010/11 66.2 277 59.9 95
2011/12 59.7 240 44.0 83
2012/13 52.2 187 22.8 39
2013/14 48.3 168 19.1 31
2014/15 37.2 102 29.6 46
2015/16 58.7 152 39.6 52
2016/17 103.3 216 75.0 78

Download table data (CSV) Source data (CSV)

Summary

A single separation incident is when a young person in custody is locked alone in their bedroom or other area as a way to control them.

This data shows that:

  • in 2016/17, there was an average of 103.3 single separation incidents per 100 White young people in custody per month, compared with 75.0 per 100 people per month for young people from all other ethnic groups combined

  • between 2010/11 and 2016/17, the rate of single separation incidents per 100 White young people was consistently higher than for young people from all other ethnic groups combined

  • the rate of single separation incidents per 100 White young people, which had been falling between 2010/11 and 2014/15, rose from 37.2 to 103.3 between 2014/15 and 2016/17
  • the rate of single separation incidents per 100 young people from all other ethnic groups combined, which had been falling between 2010/11 and 2013/14, rose from 19.1 to 75.0 between 2013/14 and 2016/17

3. Methodology

Young people report their own ethnicity. Staff working in secure training centres and young offender institutions then record this information on an administrative system.

Single separation incidents are measured as the number per 100 young people in custody. The numbers of young people in custody are counted at the beginning of each month, updated to include new admissions during the month, and then averaged across a 12-month period.

The data does not include young people in custody for whom ethnicity wasn’t known.

Rounding

Rates per 100 young people have been rounded to 1 decimal place.

Related publications

Youth justice statistics since 2008.

Further technical information

Data received from the establishments through monthly returns is validated through a reconciliation process on an annual basis. Figures published before the release of the 2016/17 Youth justice statistics may have been revised since their original publication.

4. Data sources

Source

Type of data

Administrative data

Type of statistic

National Statistics

Publisher

Ministry of Justice

Publication frequency

Yearly

Purpose of data source

Youth justice data is used by the government to develop, monitor and evaluate criminal justice policy for young people in custody. It reports on activity in the criminal justice system for England and Wales, giving information for the latest year and also longer-term trends.

5. Download the data

Single separation incidents - Spreadsheet (csv) 2 KB

This file contains the following: ethnicity, year, value, denominator, numerator