1. Main facts and figures
- from 2005/06 to 2016/17, the number of young people in youth custody went down for all ethnic groups
- in the same period, the percentage of the youth custody population that was from each of the Asian and Other, and Black ethnic groups doubled
- in 2016/17, White young people made up the highest percentage of young people in custody (at 54.4%)
- in 2016/17, more young people were in custody for violence against the person compared with any other type of offence, accounting for 29.7% of White young people in custody and 47.3% of those from all other ethnic groups combined
The ethnic categories used in this data
The youth custody population was too small to draw any firm conclusions about specific ethnic categories. Therefore, the data is broken down into the following 5 broad groups:
- Mixed/Multiple ethnic groups
- Asian/Asian British and Other
- Black/African/Caribbean/Black British
For the data covering types of crime and types of custodial order, the following 2 categories have been used:
- White (including White British and White ethnic minorities)
- Other (all other ethnic minorities)
2. By ethnicity over time
|Asian and Other||Black||Mixed||White||Unknown|
3. By ethnicity and type of custodial order over time
|Remand||DTO||Section 91||Other Sentences|
|Year||% White||% Other||% White||% Other||% White||% Other||% White||% Other|
4. By ethnicity and offence group
|Breach of statutory order||Domestic burglary||Drugs||Robbery||Sexual offences||Violence against the person||Other offences|
|Year||% White||% Other||% White||% Other||% White||% Other||% White||% Other||% White||% Other||% White||% Other||% White||% Other|
Young people self-report their ethnicity. Staff working in secure training centres and young offender institutions then record this information on an administrative system.
The numbers of young people in custody are counted at the beginning of each month, updated to include new admissions during the month, and then averaged across a 12-month period.
Percentages have been rounded to 1 decimal point. Due to this, some figures may not add up to 100. Counts have been rounded to the nearest whole number. All calculations have been made using unrounded figures.
See the Youth justice annual statistics for unrounded figures and the percentages calculated from them.
6. Data sources
Type of data
Type of statistic
Ministry of Justice
Purpose of data source
The data is used by the government to develop, monitor and evaluate criminal justice policy for young offenders. It reports on activity in the criminal justice system for England and Wales, giving information for the latest year and also longer-term trends.
7. Download the data
This file contains: Measure, Time, Ethnicity, Legal Basis for Detention, Offence Group, Value, Numerator