Young people in custody
1. Main facts and figures
- in every ethnic group, the number of young people in youth custody went down between 2005/06 and 2017/18
- in the same period, the percentage of the youth custody population that was from the Black ethnic group doubled
- White young people made up 54.6% of young people in custody in 2017/18, down from 71.9% in 2005/06 (but still the highest percentage out of all ethnic groups)
- in 2017/18, more young people were in custody for violence against the person than any other type of offence
The ethnic categories used in this data
The youth custody population was too small to make any reliable generalisations about specific ethnic groups.
Therefore, the data is broken down into the following 4 broad groups:
Asian/Asian British and Other Black/African/Caribbean/Black British Mixed/Multiple ethnic groups White
There’s an extra category for young people whose ethnicity wasn’t known.
For the data covering types of crime and types of custodial order, the following 2 categories have been used:
- White (including White British and White ethnic minorities)
- Other (all other ethnic minorities)
2. Young people in custody by ethnicity over time
|Black||Mixed||White||Other inc Asian||Unknown|
|Time||Black %||Black Number||Mixed %||Mixed Number||White %||White Number||Other inc Asian %||Other inc Asian Number||Unknown %||Unknown Number|
3. Young people in custody by ethnicity and type of custodial order over time
|White||Other than White|
|Year||White Remand||White DTO||White Section 91||White Other Sentences||Other than White Remand||Other than White DTO||Other than White Section 91||Other than White Other Sentences|
Download table data for ‘Young people in custody by ethnicity and type of custodial order over time’ (CSV) Source data for ‘Young people in custody by ethnicity and type of custodial order over time’ (CSV)
4. Young people in custody by ethnicity and offence group
|Breach of statutory order||Domestic Burglary||Drugs||Robbery||Sexual offences||Violence against the person||Other offences|
|Year||Breach of statutory order % White||Breach of statutory order % Other||Domestic Burglary % White||Domestic Burglary % Other||Drugs % White||Drugs % Other||Robbery % White||Robbery % Other||Sexual offences % White||Sexual offences % Other||Violence against the person % White||Violence against the person % Other||Other offences % White||Other offences % Other|
Young people report their own ethnicity. Staff working in secure training centres and young offender institutions then record this information.
The numbers of young people in custody are counted at the beginning of each month. They are updated to include new admissions during the month, and then averaged across a 12-month period.
Percentages have been rounded to 1 decimal point. Due to this, some figures may not add up to 100. Counts have been rounded to the nearest whole number. All calculations have been made using unrounded figures.
6. Data sources
Type of data
Type of statistic
Ministry of Justice
Purpose of data source
The data is used by the government to develop, monitor and evaluate criminal justice policy for young offenders in England and Wales.