Employment tribunal claims

Published

Last updated 4 March 2021 - see all updates

1. Main facts and figures

  • in 2007, 14% of employment tribunal claims were made by people from the Asian, Black, Mixed and Other ethnic groups, while employees from these groups made up 9% of the total working population

  • in 2012, 18% of claims were made by people from the Asian, Black, Mixed and Other ethnic groups, while employees from these groups made up 10% of the total working population

  • where the employment tribunal related to discrimination, around a quarter of claims were made by people from the Asian, Black, Mixed and Other ethnic groups in both 2007 and 2012

2. Things you need to know

What the data measures

The data shows the percentage of people from each ethnic group who made claims through an employment tribunal in 2007 and 2012, the most recent data available.

Reasons for making a claim include discrimination, unfair dismissal, and unfair changes to working conditions.

Percentages are rounded to the nearest whole number.

Not included in the data

Percentages lower than 2% are not shown as they may be unreliable.

The ethnic groups used in the data

Data is shown for 5 aggregated ethnic groups:

  • Asian
  • Black
  • Mixed
  • White
  • Other

This means estimates are shown for these groups as a whole. This is because the number of people surveyed was too small to make any reliable conclusions about any of the 18 ethnic groups.

Methodology

Read the detailed methodology document (PDF opens in a new window or tab) for the data on this page.

The data for 2007 includes ‘multiple claims’ – cases where a group of people had the same grievance against an employer and the case was settled collectively. 10% of claims were multiple claims.

The data for 2012 only includes claims by an individual. For this reason, data for 2007 and 2012 is not comparable.

3. By ethnicity

Percentage of employment tribunal claims by ethnicity of claimant
All Unfair dismissal Breach of contract Wages Act Discrimination Other (including redundancy payments)
Ethnicity All 2007 All 2012 Unfair dismissal 2007 Unfair dismissal 2012 Breach of contract 2007 Breach of contract 2012 Wages Act 2007 Wages Act 2012 Discrimination 2007 Discrimination 2012 Other (including redundancy payments) 2007 Other (including redundancy payments) 2012
Asian 5 5 3 5 4 5 5 3 11 9 3 3
Black 5 7 4 7 4 8 5 6 8 12 3 4
Mixed 2 2 withheld because a small sample size makes it unreliable withheld because a small sample size makes it unreliable 2 3 3 3 3 3 2 withheld because a small sample size makes it unreliable
White 86 82 91 85 86 81 82 85 75 73 91 88
Other 2 withheld because a small sample size makes it unreliable withheld because a small sample size makes it unreliable withheld because a small sample size makes it unreliable 2 withheld because a small sample size makes it unreliable 2 withheld because a small sample size makes it unreliable 3 withheld because a small sample size makes it unreliable withheld because a small sample size makes it unreliable 4
Unknown withheld because a small sample size makes it unreliable 2 withheld because a small sample size makes it unreliable withheld because a small sample size makes it unreliable withheld because a small sample size makes it unreliable 2 3 3 2 2 withheld because a small sample size makes it unreliable withheld because a small sample size makes it unreliable

Download table data for ‘By ethnicity’ (CSV) Source data for ‘By ethnicity’ (CSV)

Summary of Employment tribunal claims By ethnicity Summary

This data shows that:

  • in 2012, White people made 82% of all employment tribunal claims, while accounting for 90% of the working population

  • specifically, White people made 85% of claims for both unfair dismissal and breaches of the Wages Act, 73% of discrimination claims, and 88% of claims for other grievances

  • in 2012, Black people made 7% of all employment tribunal claims, while accounting for 2% of the working population

  • specifically, Black people made 7% of claims for unfair dismissal, 8% of claims for breach of contract, 6% of claims for unauthorised deduction of earnings, 12% for discrimination claims, and 4% of claims for other grievances

4. Data sources

Source

Type of data

Survey data

Type of statistic

Official statistics

Publisher

Department for Business, Energy & Industrial Strategy

Publication frequency

Every 4 to 5 years

Purpose of data source

The Survey of Employment Tribunal Applications (SETA) aims to provide information on the characteristics of claimants in employment tribunals.

5. Download the data

Employment tribunal claims - Spreadsheet (csv) 9 KB

This file contains the following: ethnicity, year, tribunal claim type, value, denominator