First year entrants onto undergraduate degrees
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1. Main facts and figures
in 2015/16, there were 564,700 undergraduate entrants for whom ethnicity was known at UK higher education institutions: 77.1% were White, 10.3% were Asian, 7.4% were Black, 3.8% were from a Mixed ethnic background and 1.4% were from the Other ethnic group
between 2007/08 and 2015/16, the number and percentage of undergraduate entrants increased for all ethnic minority groups, but decreased for the White ethnic group
the number of undergraduate entrants reached a high of 721,165 in 2009/10; there has since been a decline, dropping to 555,625 in 2012/13, the lowest number over the 9 years shown here
The ethnic categories used in this data
The Higher Education Statistics Agency collects 11 detailed categories of ethnicity.
The ethnic category groups included in the White group differ between England and Wales and Scotland and Northern Ireland. To present data for the whole of the UK, the statistics here have been aggregated into the 5 broad categories used in the:
- 2001 Census (before 2012/13)
- 2011 Census (from 2012/13 onwards)
The broad ethnic groups are:
- Asian or Asian British
- Black or Black British
- White Scottish (Scottish higher education institutions only)
- Irish Traveller (Northern Irish higher education institutions only), Gypsy or Traveller
- other White background (Scottish higher education institutions only)
In the 2001 Census, Chinese people were counted under the Other ethnic group. In the 2011 Census, Chinese people were counted under the Asian ethnic group.
HESA also collects data of students whose ethnicity is categorised as unknown or not applicable. This includes students:
- who did not live in the UK before starting their course
- whose place of residence before starting their course is unknown (2014/15 only)
- who refused to give ethnic information
- whose ethnicity is unknown
Data about these students is not included in the graphs and tables on this page.
2. First year entrants onto undergraduate degrees by ethnicity
|Time||Asian %||Asian Number||Black %||Black Number||Mixed %||Mixed Number||White %||White Number||Other %||Other Number|
Summary of First year entrants onto undergraduate degrees First year entrants onto undergraduate degrees by ethnicity Summary
These statistics have been prepared by the Department for Education using the Higher Education Statistics Agency’s (HESA) student record.
The student record is used to derive the HESA standard registration population.
The standard registration population includes first-year students at registered higher education and further education providers who started their programme of study within the reporting period (1 August to 31 July).
Students must be on courses that lead to the award of a qualification or higher education credit.
In some cases the student’s first year of study may be the second or subsequent year of an undergraduate programme.
Suppression rules and disclosure control
No values needed to be suppressed. Student numbers are rounded to the nearest 5. Percentages are rounded to 1 decimal place.
Student numbers are rounded to the nearest 5. Percentages are rounded to 1 decimal place.
The analysis on this page relates to statistics published annually by HESA in the statistical first release Enrolments and qualifications obtained at higher education providers in the United Kingdom
Further technical information
4. Data sources
Type of data
Type of statistic
Higher Education Statistics Agency
Purpose of data source
The Higher Education Statistics Agency has been collecting student information (known as the ‘student record’) since 1994/95.
The data it contains is used extensively by various stakeholders for higher education:
- performance indicators
- publications (including UNISTATS)
- league tables
The student record collects individual data about students including:
- the student’s entry profile and personal characteristics
- module and course-level data
- funding information
- qualifications awarded
5. Download the data
This file contains: ethnicity, year, value, denominator and numerator.