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A* to C in English and Maths GCSE attainment for children aged 14 to 16 (key stage 4)

The main facts and figures show that:

  • in 2015/16, there were 540,689 pupils in key stage 4, of which ethnicity was known for 534,918 pupils (99%)

  • 78.2% were White, 9.5% were Asian, 5.2% were Black, 4.2% were Mixed, 1.5% came from the Other ethnic group and 0.4% were Chinese

  • Chinese pupils were the most likely achieve A* to C in English and Maths GCSE, whereas Gypsy/Roma pupils were the least likely

  • across all ethnic groups, girls were more likely to achieve A* to C in English and Maths GCSE than boys – 67% of girls did so, compared to 59% of boys

  • the pupils least likely to achieve were Gypsy/Roma boys – 9% of this group attained A* to C in English and Maths GCSE

  • across all ethnic groups, pupils eligible for free school meals (FSM) were less likely to achieve A* to C in English and Maths GCSE than those not eligible: 39% of FSM-eligible pupils did so, compared to 67% of those not eligible

  • Gypsy/Roma boys eligible for FSM were the least likely to achieve – 7% of this group attained A* to C in English and Maths GCSE

Things you need to know

Please be aware that some of the statistics quoted here for some ethnic groups are based on very small numbers of pupils (for example, only 130 Chinese children were eligible for FSM in 2015/16) and are highly variable over time.

Attainment is lower for children from a Traveller of Irish heritage background – however, there were only 122 pupils from this background in key stage 4 in 2015/16. This was a much smaller number than for other ethnic groups (for example, there were 20,434 Pakistani pupils in key stage 4). Therefore, data comparisons between Traveller of Irish Heritage pupils and other ethnic groups may be unreliable.

Ethnicity was not supplied for 1.1% of pupils at the end of key stage 4 (5,771 pupils). This includes pupils for whom ethnicity was not collected or could not be determined, and pupils who refused to give their ethnicity.

Any unapproved qualifications, such as unregulated international GCSEs, are not included in this data. Therefore, this data does not represent all qualifications taken by pupils, only those approved by the English Baccalaureate (EBacc).

The EBacc is a measure of school performance that is awarded to pupils who get a grade C or above in the 5 core academic subjects (English, Maths, Science, a language, and History or Geography) at key stage 4 in any government-funded school. It was first introduced into the performance tables in the 2009 academic year.

Qualifications approved by the Ebacc count towards the secondary school performance tables. The figures vary between ‘all schools’ and ‘state schools’ mainly due to the impact of unregulated international GCSEs taken in independent schools.

In the published ‘statistical first release’ (SFR) for A* to C GCSE attainment, the Department for Education (DfE) has ‘suppressed’ very small numbers (for example, values of 1 or 2, a percentage based on 1 or 2 pupils who achieved, or 0, 1 or 2 pupils who did not achieve a particular level).

This is because, where the size of the ethnic group population is small enough that an individual’s identity could come to light, information is excluded, or 'suppressed', to preserve confidentiality. This is consistent with DfE’s statistical policy statement on confidentiality.

Data for some Muslim and Sikh schools was not included in the statistics for faith schools, because the small numbers of pupils make it impossible to draw meaningful conclusions about their attainment. Data for faith schools is also only provided for pupils in state-funded mainstream schools.

What the data measures

This data measures the percentage of pupils within each ethnic group achieving A* to C in English and Maths GCSE.

It also looks at the total number of children achieving A* to C, and analyses each ethnic group’s percentage share of that total.

The data covers the academic year 2015/16 (September 2015 to July 2016).

Key stage 4 covers school years 10 and 11, when children are aged 14 to 16.

The ethnic categories used in this data

This data uses categories from the Department of Education’s school census, which is broadly based on the 2001 national census, with three exceptions:

  • Traveller of Irish Heritage and Gypsy/Roma children have been separated into two categories
  • Sri Lankan has been added to the Asian/Asian British group but is not reported separately
  • Chinese pupils have been assigned a separate category

These changes were made after consultations with local authorities and lobby groups.

The categories in the school census are as follows:

White:

  • White British
  • White Irish
  • Traveller of Irish Heritage
  • Gypsy/Roma
  • Other White

Mixed/Multiple ethnic groups:

  • White and Black Caribbean
  • White and Black African
  • White and Asian
  • Other Mixed background

Asian/Asian British:

  • Indian
  • Pakistani
  • Bangladeshi
  • Sri Lankan
  • Other Asian background

Black/African/Caribbean/Black British:

  • Black African
  • Black Caribbean
  • Other Black background

Chinese

Other ethnic group

Information is provided for both detailed and broad ethnic groups categories where possible and when the data is available.

The 6 broad categories used are as follows:

  • White
  • Mixed/Multiple ethnic groups
  • Asian/Asian British
  • Black/African/Caribbean/Black British
  • Other ethnic group
  • Chinese

However, region, local authority, school admission, school type, special education needs (SEN) and religion of school data is only provided for 5 broad ethnic groups. Information about the specific ethnic categories is excluded to preserve confidentiality and ensure individuals cannot be identified. Information about the Other ethnic group is not given because DfE does not publish data for this group at these levels.

The 5 broad categories are as follows:

  • White
  • Mixed/Multiple ethnic groups
  • Asian/Asian British
  • Black/African/Caribbean/Black British
  • Chinese

Ethnic groups and how data on ethnicity is collected

A* to C in English and Maths GCSE by ethnicity

Percentage of pupils attaining A* to C in English and Maths GCSE by ethnicity

Ethnicity % Pupils
All 63 540,689
Asian 67 51,218
Bangladeshi 67 8,319
Indian 77 14,046
Pakistani 58 20,434
Asian other 73 8,419
Black 59 27,924
Black African 63 17,349
Black Caribbean 51 7,216
Black other 55 3,359
Chinese 83 2,026
Mixed 63 22,868
Mixed White/Asian 72 5,089
Mixed White/Black African 62 2,687
Mixed White/Black Caribbean 54 7,160
Mixed other 65 7,932
White 63 422,763
White British 63 395,316
White Irish 72 1,774
White Irish Traveller 21 122
White Gypsy/Roma 10 1,107
White other 59 24,444
Other 62 8,119
Unknown 53 5,771

Summary

The data shows that:

  • in 2015/16, the national average for A* to C attainment in English and Maths GCSE was 63%

  • Chinese pupils were the most likely to achieve A* to C in English and Maths GCSE

  • Chinese, Indian, Other Asian, White Irish, Mixed White and Asian, Bangladeshi and Other Mixed pupils were all above the national average

  • the Gypsy/Roma ethnic group had the lowest percentage of pupils achieving A* to C in English and Maths GCSE (10% did so), followed by children from a Traveller of Irish Heritage background (21% did so)

A* to C in English and Maths GCSE by ethnicity and free school meals (FSM)

Percentage of pupils attaining A* to C in English and Maths GCSE by ethnicity and free school meals

FSM Non-FSM
Ethnicity % Pupils % Pupils
All 39 72,528 67 468,161
Asian 54 9,018 70 42,200
Bangladeshi 61 2,461 70 5,858
Indian 62 1,042 79 13,004
Pakistani 47 4,536 61 15,898
Asian other 58 979 75 7,440
Black 49 6,544 62 21,380
Black African 53 4,086 66 13,263
Black Caribbean 39 1,689 54 5,527
Black other 47 769 58 2,590
Chinese 79 130 83 1,896
Mixed 43 4,240 67 18,628
Mixed White/Asian 48 732 76 4,357
Mixed White/Black African 48 529 65 2,158
Mixed White/Black Caribbean 37 1,620 58 5,540
Mixed other 45 1,359 69 6,573
White 34 49,595 67 373,168
White British 34 46,438 67 348,878
White Irish 40 213 77 1,561
White Irish Traveller 16 73 29 49
White Gypsy/Roma 9 330 11 777
White other 46 2,541 60 21,903
Other 52 2,024 65 6,095
Unknown 35 977 56 4,794

Summary

Eligibility for FSM is used as an indicator of deprivation by the Department for Education. For more about who qualifies for FSM, see Methodology.

The data shows that:

  • 13% of pupils (72,528 children) in key stage 4 were eligible for free school meals (FSM) in 2015/16

  • 25% of pupils from any Other ethnic background were eligible for FSM, 23% of Black pupils, 19% of pupils from a Mixed race background, 18% of Asian pupils, 12% of White pupils and 6% of Chinese pupils

  • across all ethnic groups, FSM-eligible pupils were less likely to achieve A* to C in English and Maths GCSE than those not eligible: 39% of pupils eligible for FSM achieved A* to C in English and Maths GCSE, which is below the national average of 63%

  • of the broad ethnic groups, Chinese pupils had the highest percentage of FSM-eligible pupils achieving A* to C in English and Maths GCSE – 79% did so

  • White FSM-eligible pupils were least likely to achieve A* to C in English and Maths GCSE – 34% did so

  • looking at the specific ethnic groups, Gypsy/Roma FSM-eligible children were least likely to achieve A* to C in English and Maths GCSE – 9% did so

  • Irish children had the largest gap in attainment between FSM eligible and those not eligible with 40% of FSM-eligible pupils achieving A* to C in English and Maths GCSE compared to 77% of those not eligible (a 37 percentage point gap)

A* to C in English and Maths GCSE by ethnicity and area

Percentage of pupils attaining A* to C in English and Maths GCSE by ethnicity and local authority

All Asian Black Chinese Mixed White
Local authority % Pupils % Pupils % Pupils % Pupils % Pupils % Pupils
All - England 63 537,808 68 50,541 60 27,589 84 1,987 63 22,753 63 421,440
County Durham 62 4,979 70 33 50 6 withheld to protect confidentiality 6 67 42 63 4,846
Darlington 62 1,139 52 21 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 3 73 15 62 1,086
Gateshead 65 1,913 86 35 57 14 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 80 20 64 1,810
Hartlepool 55 1,068 71 14 withheld to protect confidentiality 5 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 63 8 55 1,036
Middlesbrough 55 1,464 72 172 67 15 N/A * 0 66 53 53 1,164
Newcastle upon Tyne 62 2,393 67 249 50 80 46 13 71 65 62 1,913
North Tyneside 68 1,945 58 38 73 11 100 9 86 35 68 1,833
Northumberland 61 3,198 79 42 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 100 6 69 36 61 3,100
Redcar and Cleveland 61 1,620 57 21 100 3 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 65 20 61 1,567
South Tyneside 62 1,535 67 57 withheld to protect confidentiality 8 N/A * 0 53 17 63 1,421
Stockton-on-Tees 64 1,994 63 106 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 64 25 64 1,842
Sunderland 59 2,828 72 90 50 16 100 3 56 27 59 2,677
Blackburn with Darwen 65 1,754 71 735 53 15 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 74 61 61 922
Blackpool 48 1,331 63 19 44 9 100 5 42 24 48 1,270
Bolton 59 3,240 69 611 46 124 withheld to protect confidentiality 7 50 88 58 2,354
Bury 62 2,060 63 244 47 36 withheld to protect confidentiality 4 61 101 63 1,636
Cheshire East 68 3,740 66 62 62 13 73 15 66 93 68 3,509
Cheshire West and Chester 66 3,443 76 37 50 12 withheld to protect confidentiality 8 71 72 65 3,283
Cumbria 63 5,134 65 31 46 13 withheld to protect confidentiality 9 83 53 63 4,987
Halton 60 1,373 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality N/A * 0 76 25 60 1,335
Knowsley 40 1,147 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 57 21 39 1,103
Lancashire 64 12,106 59 1,147 71 38 88 32 66 277 64 10,512
Liverpool 57 4,611 70 132 54 137 82 45 52 203 57 3,919
Manchester 55 4,715 64 974 57 741 81 43 50 344 51 2,312
Oldham 57 2,920 56 822 53 47 withheld to protect confidentiality 7 48 90 58 1,901
Rochdale 59 2,315 61 551 68 63 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 61 83 58 1,601
Salford 53 2,084 68 38 63 78 withheld to protect confidentiality 6 60 80 52 1,832
Sefton 60 3,076 70 23 40 15 100 8 63 60 61 2,896
St. Helens 60 1,767 withheld to protect confidentiality 14 63 8 100 4 80 15 61 1,675
Stockport 66 2,816 68 168 67 21 56 16 73 105 66 2,463
Tameside 64 2,493 67 253 66 35 67 12 68 74 63 2,078
Trafford 75 2,758 81 327 69 75 90 49 73 132 75 2,118
Warrington 64 2,365 80 49 36 14 withheld to protect confidentiality 6 51 35 64 2,216
Wigan 63 3,407 63 30 69 16 100 3 55 66 63 3,271
Wirral 66 3,402 78 64 withheld to protect confidentiality 8 100 14 70 69 66 3,222
Barnsley 59 2,088 withheld to protect confidentiality 6 33 15 N/A * 0 71 35 59 2,018
Bradford 52 5,859 51 2,482 56 81 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 46 218 54 2,979
Calderdale 65 2,524 59 375 60 20 100 4 59 93 67 2,021
Doncaster 60 3,026 61 77 46 35 withheld to protect confidentiality 10 57 61 59 2,808
East Riding of Yorkshire 67 3,346 67 12 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 3 67 46 67 3,222
Kingston upon Hull, City of 51 2,255 71 17 48 23 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 57 44 53 2,028
Kirklees 61 4,534 60 1,139 51 85 100 10 47 225 63 3,029
Leeds 60 7,483 60 849 52 440 75 28 58 335 61 5,700
North East Lincolnshire 56 1,596 withheld to protect confidentiality 10 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 55 38 56 1,486
North Lincolnshire 64 1,856 79 62 73 11 100 4 58 19 64 1,751
North Yorkshire 68 6,188 76 93 67 18 100 13 66 124 67 5,886
Rotherham 62 3,335 58 231 61 38 withheld to protect confidentiality 8 67 58 62 2,980
Sheffield 59 5,242 57 501 56 260 83 18 53 265 61 4,001
Wakefield 64 3,645 65 116 63 38 withheld to protect confidentiality 6 64 64 64 3,407
York 69 1,585 100 11 56 9 withheld to protect confidentiality 9 82 33 68 1,511
Derby 54 2,787 53 482 45 85 withheld to protect confidentiality 8 51 166 55 2,015
Derbyshire 62 7,628 withheld to protect confidentiality 75 withheld to protect confidentiality 19 71 14 59 161 62 7,297
Leicester 57 3,409 68 1,631 53 345 withheld to protect confidentiality 3 51 210 44 1,149
Leicestershire 65 7,017 79 505 70 43 73 22 68 246 64 6,108
Lincolnshire 62 7,807 87 76 62 34 82 33 69 134 62 7,464
Northamptonshire 60 7,650 70 326 60 282 withheld to protect confidentiality 20 54 327 59 6,612
Nottingham 50 2,534 62 438 51 248 100 8 53 231 46 1,528
Nottinghamshire 66 7,883 73 180 76 78 88 25 69 255 66 7,243
Rutland 76 489 withheld to protect confidentiality 4 withheld to protect confidentiality 3 N/A * 0 67 9 77 472
Birmingham 60 12,035 61 4,580 55 1,489 82 45 58 834 61 4,492
Coventry 61 3,463 74 660 59 276 withheld to protect confidentiality 9 53 181 58 2,275
Dudley 56 3,591 56 298 46 70 withheld to protect confidentiality 4 53 183 56 2,974
Herefordshire, County of 62 1,732 withheld to protect confidentiality 5 withheld to protect confidentiality 5 100 4 80 25 62 1,681
Sandwell 50 3,499 59 934 47 257 withheld to protect confidentiality 5 48 223 46 1,986
Shropshire 63 2,986 withheld to protect confidentiality 19 withheld to protect confidentiality 7 withheld to protect confidentiality 8 66 53 63 2,857
Solihull 65 2,987 72 278 54 72 withheld to protect confidentiality 10 57 181 66 2,375
Staffordshire 60 8,758 60 254 60 37 80 20 57 189 60 8,176
Stoke-on-Trent 56 2,269 60 301 44 48 withheld to protect confidentiality 9 48 69 55 1,801
Telford and Wrekin 59 2,014 53 117 53 36 withheld to protect confidentiality 9 56 70 59 1,769
Walsall 57 3,261 67 628 55 139 100 3 54 155 55 2,306
Warwickshire 67 5,585 77 263 52 50 69 16 72 187 67 5,003
Wolverhampton 59 2,470 74 530 53 221 withheld to protect confidentiality 3 48 223 56 1,457
Worcestershire 65 5,565 63 142 30 20 withheld to protect confidentiality 8 65 169 65 5,183
Bedford 59 1,862 63 273 53 109 100 3 53 143 59 1,308
Cambridgeshire 68 5,707 80 190 57 56 87 30 72 194 67 5,139
Central Bedfordshire 64 2,596 59 46 52 44 withheld to protect confidentiality 10 58 103 65 2,376
Essex 64 14,607 83 337 71 333 80 51 66 541 64 13,142
Hertfordshire 70 12,613 77 849 71 447 84 63 65 702 69 10,336
Luton 56 2,442 62 967 54 294 withheld to protect confidentiality 4 47 192 52 937
Norfolk 61 8,014 85 88 66 68 84 25 57 178 61 7,551
Peterborough 55 2,292 54 367 62 73 withheld to protect confidentiality 8 63 105 54 1,698
Southend-on-Sea 69 2,047 84 135 78 125 withheld to protect confidentiality 22 66 91 67 1,649
Suffolk 60 7,158 67 102 47 53 withheld to protect confidentiality 4 56 305 60 6,440
Thurrock 62 1,721 69 65 75 164 67 9 77 61 59 1,385
Camden 63 1,422 64 272 59 345 withheld to protect confidentiality 10 56 142 65 549
City of London N/A * N/A * N/A * N/A * N/A * N/A * N/A * N/A * N/A * N/A * N/A * N/A *
Hackney 70 2,038 75 272 65 719 withheld to protect confidentiality 12 69 193 73 687
Hammersmith and Fulham 70 1,350 78 116 59 333 withheld to protect confidentiality 6 69 133 75 624
Haringey 64 2,231 72 127 57 639 67 12 68 253 65 1,005
Islington 64 1,397 78 170 63 423 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 64 158 60 506
Kensington and Chelsea 76 740 81 26 72 148 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 74 113 76 297
Lambeth 62 1,887 81 79 58 945 withheld to protect confidentiality 15 59 228 69 491
Lewisham 56 2,334 67 129 52 1,041 76 37 64 286 54 698
Newham 63 3,489 70 1,601 60 917 73 11 51 199 54 582
Southwark 69 2,386 77 124 71 1,094 91 34 66 255 66 685
Tower Hamlets 63 2,570 68 1,685 61 307 100 10 55 129 52 316
Wandsworth 70 1,660 77 333 61 458 100 14 72 188 71 571
Westminster 72 1,566 72 199 65 333 withheld to protect confidentiality 18 75 130 78 483
Barking and Dagenham 60 2,201 72 398 63 551 withheld to protect confidentiality 6 55 141 55 1,051
Barnet 73 3,647 86 512 64 489 87 46 73 363 72 1,835
Bexley 67 3,192 84 207 77 532 85 40 63 161 62 2,183
Brent 64 3,035 70 900 54 767 withheld to protect confidentiality 9 55 158 59 579
Bromley 72 3,305 89 167 68 272 89 36 74 229 74 2,419
Croydon 61 3,844 74 453 59 1,124 withheld to protect confidentiality 21 59 424 63 1,534
Ealing 65 2,781 69 747 55 574 withheld to protect confidentiality 5 72 195 66 826
Enfield 63 3,579 81 313 59 879 85 20 65 324 61 1,754
Greenwich 61 2,204 75 207 67 604 83 24 62 208 55 1,071
Harrow 68 2,127 76 900 60 344 73 11 64 163 62 610
Havering 64 2,917 72 117 66 362 withheld to protect confidentiality 11 61 127 64 2,237
Hillingdon 65 3,136 74 751 59 327 withheld to protect confidentiality 12 68 299 61 1,479
Hounslow 66 2,667 77 696 60 344 withheld to protect confidentiality 5 74 224 66 951
Kingston upon Thames 78 1,515 86 343 66 73 withheld to protect confidentiality 23 83 115 75 871
Merton 70 1,440 71 222 63 299 100 6 74 155 70 734
Redbridge 72 3,363 78 1,623 62 494 withheld to protect confidentiality 20 61 230 69 903
Richmond upon Thames 71 1,367 70 96 50 48 withheld to protect confidentiality 12 70 135 73 1,025
Sutton 77 2,667 93 524 74 212 100 41 76 201 71 1,623
Waltham Forest 64 2,539 71 635 57 598 55 22 62 227 63 969
Bracknell Forest 61 1,076 78 41 69 26 100 4 69 49 60 946
Brighton and Hove 65 2,139 63 82 51 41 100 3 69 181 65 1,802
Buckinghamshire 74 5,622 69 855 61 132 withheld to protect confidentiality 18 68 312 75 4,220
East Sussex 63 4,930 75 60 61 31 100 9 63 166 63 4,532
Hampshire 67 13,101 75 333 53 115 89 35 66 350 67 12,110
Isle of Wight 52 1,305 50 12 N/A * 0 withheld to protect confidentiality 3 56 27 52 1,249
Kent 64 15,727 86 526 78 303 92 64 73 536 62 14,022
Medway 65 2,967 82 157 64 116 withheld to protect confidentiality 11 62 125 64 2,508
Milton Keynes 60 2,800 72 204 55 338 67 15 59 187 59 1,994
Oxfordshire 66 5,975 60 317 58 126 81 26 59 288 67 5,136
Portsmouth 58 1,729 74 95 70 33 withheld to protect confidentiality 7 63 54 57 1,515
Reading 64 1,169 75 221 51 90 100 21 56 98 62 711
Slough 72 1,632 79 798 63 148 100 5 74 112 63 497
Southampton 57 1,952 78 176 59 56 withheld to protect confidentiality 9 56 95 54 1,593
Surrey 70 10,399 74 602 63 180 86 44 74 473 70 8,958
West Berkshire 65 1,906 76 50 60 25 withheld to protect confidentiality 12 63 75 66 1,704
West Sussex 65 8,118 71 330 39 120 58 12 61 258 65 7,316
Windsor and Maidenhead 72 1,470 68 191 66 29 100 8 79 99 73 1,119
Wokingham 73 1,601 70 166 64 75 100 10 64 89 75 1,231
Bath and North East Somerset 70 2,022 withheld to protect confidentiality 24 50 24 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 65 74 70 1,863
Bournemouth 67 1,617 85 40 59 17 withheld to protect confidentiality 7 71 73 66 1,429
Bristol, City of 60 3,138 67 253 48 282 73 15 64 209 60 2,316
Cornwall 64 5,432 67 21 44 9 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 71 99 64 5,232
Devon 65 6,971 77 26 71 14 withheld to protect confidentiality 13 63 95 65 6,726
Dorset 65 4,153 65 46 withheld to protect confidentiality 9 withheld to protect confidentiality 11 68 80 65 3,933
Gloucestershire 66 6,385 86 146 51 63 83 23 62 195 66 5,882
Isles of Scilly 70 23 N/A * 0 N/A * 0 N/A * 0 N/A * 0 67 21
North Somerset 63 2,176 81 32 33 15 withheld to protect confidentiality 6 68 66 63 2,043
Plymouth 58 2,640 88 25 17 18 69 13 70 43 57 2,489
Poole 68 1,438 87 31 withheld to protect confidentiality 4 withheld to protect confidentiality 5 79 47 68 1,338
Somerset 63 5,137 76 50 50 14 73 11 67 100 63 4,933
South Gloucestershire 60 2,770 72 67 51 43 100 6 54 109 60 2,530
Swindon 61 2,109 67 195 62 42 withheld to protect confidentiality 10 67 60 60 1,756
Torbay 63 1,511 withheld to protect confidentiality 12 57 7 100 8 75 40 65 1,335
Wiltshire 66 4,899 73 70 55 38 100 6 73 115 66 4,582

Summary

The data shows that:

  • Kingston upon Thames in London had the highest percentage of pupils achieving A* to C in English and Maths GCSE (78%)

  • Knowsley in the North West had the lowest percentage of pupils achieving A* to C in English and Maths GCSE (40%)

  • the local authority where Asian pupils were most likely to achieve A* to C in English and Maths GCSE was York in Yorkshire and the Humber, where 100% did so; the local authority where they were least likely to was the Isle of Wight, where 50% did so

  • the local authority where Black pupils were most likely to achieve A* to C in English and Maths GCSE was Redcar and Cleveland in the North East, where 100% did so; the local authority where they were least likely to was Plymouth in the South West, where 17% did so

  • in 30 local authorities, 100% Chinese pupils achieved A* to C in English and Maths GCSE; the local authority were they were least likely to achieve A* to C was Newcastle-upon-Tyne in the North East, where 46% did so

  • the local authority where Mixed pupils were most likely to achieve A* to C in English and Maths GCSE was North Tyneside in the North East, where 86% did so; the local authority where they were least likely to was Blackpool in the North West, where 42% did so

  • the local authority where White pupils were most likely to achieve A* to C in English and Maths GCSE was Westminster in London, were 78% did so; the local authority where they were least likely to was Knowsley in the North West, where 39% did so

A* to C in English and Maths GCSE by ethnicity and gender

Percentage of pupils attaining A* to C in English and Maths GCSE by ethnicity and gender

All Boys Girls
Ethnicity % Pupils % Pupils % Pupils
All 63 540,689 59 275,606 67 265,083
Asian 67 51,218 64 26,559 71 24,659
Bangladeshi 67 8,319 65 4,239 70 4,080
Indian 77 14,046 74 7,321 81 6,725
Pakistani 58 20,434 55 10,559 62 9,875
Asian other 73 8,419 68 4,440 78 3,979
Black 59 27,924 53 13,911 65 14,013
Black African 63 17,349 58 8,669 68 8,680
Black Caribbean 51 7,216 44 3,548 58 3,668
Black other 55 3,359 49 1,694 62 1,665
Chinese 83 2,026 78 1,033 88 993
Mixed 63 22,868 58 11,535 67 11,333
Mixed White/Asian 72 5,089 68 2,542 76 2,547
Mixed White/Black African 62 2,687 57 1,354 66 1,333
Mixed White/Black Caribbean 54 7,160 49 3,614 59 3,546
Mixed other 65 7,932 62 4,025 69 3,907
White 63 422,763 59 215,354 67 207,409
White British 63 395,316 59 201,407 67 193,909
White Irish 72 1,774 69 883 75 891
White Irish Traveller 21 122 18 67 26 55
White Gypsy/Roma 10 1,107 9 534 12 573
White other 59 24,444 55 12,463 63 11,981
Other 62 8,119 58 4,242 66 3,877
Unknown 53 5,771 48 2,972 58 2,799

Summary

The data shows that:

  • across all ethnic groups, boys were less likely to achieve A* to C in English and Maths GCSE compared to girls: overall, 67% of girls achieved A* to C compared to 59% of boys

  • of the broad ethnic groups, Chinese girls had the highest percentage achieving A* to C in English and Maths GCSE (88%), while Black boys had the lowest (53%)

  • looking at the specific ethnic groups, White Gypsy/Roma boys were least likely to achieve A* to C in English and Maths GCSE (9%)

  • the smallest gap between boys and girls, at 3 percentage points, was found in the Gypsy/Roma ethnic group, where 12% of girls achieved A* to C in English and Maths GCSE compared to 9% of boys

  • the largest gap between boys and girls, was found in the Black Caribbean ethnic group, where 58% of girls achieved A* to C in English and Maths GCSE compared to 44% of boys

A* to C in English and Maths GCSE by ethnicity, gender and free school meals (FSM)

Percentage of pupils attaining A* to C in English and Maths GCSE by ethnicity, gender and free school meals

FSM Boys FSM Girls Non-FSM Boys Non-FSM Girls
Ethnicity % Pupils % Pupils % Pupils % Pupils
All 35 37,080 43 35,448 63 238,526 71 229,635
Asian 51 4,724 57 4,294 67 21,835 74 20,365
Bangladeshi 62 1,267 60 1,194 67 2,972 73 2,886
Indian 58 539 67 503 76 6,782 82 6,222
Pakistani 44 2,396 51 2,140 58 8,163 65 7,735
Asian other 53 522 63 457 70 3,918 80 3,522
Black 44 3,317 55 3,227 56 10,594 68 10,786
Black African 49 2,075 58 2,011 61 6,594 71 6,669
Black Caribbean 33 838 46 851 47 2,710 62 2,817
Black other 42 404 53 365 51 1,290 65 1,300
Chinese 76 67 83 63 78 966 88 930
Mixed 38 2,121 47 2,119 63 9,414 71 9,214
Mixed White/Asian 41 362 54 370 73 2,180 79 2,177
Mixed White/Black African 43 275 55 254 61 1,079 69 1,079
Mixed White/Black Caribbean 33 816 42 804 53 2,798 64 2,742
Mixed other 42 668 47 691 65 3,357 73 3,216
White 31 25,284 38 24,311 63 190,070 71 183,098
White British 30 23,654 38 22,784 63 177,753 71 171,125
White Irish 38 115 42 98 74 768 79 793
White Irish Traveller 17 41 16 32 19 26 39 23
White Gypsy/Roma 7 157 12 173 10 377 12 400
White other 44 1,317 49 1,224 56 11,146 64 10,757
Other 49 1,060 55 964 61 3,182 69 2,913
Unknown 30 507 40 470 51 2,465 61 2,329

Summary

Eligibility for FSM is used as an indicator of deprivation by the Department for Education. For more about who qualifies for FSM, see Methodology.

The data shows that:

  • overall, in every ethnic group, boys and girls not eligible for FSM did better than those who were eligible

  • across all ethnic groups, FSM-eligible girls were more likely to achieve A* to C in English and Maths GCSE than FSM-eligible boys, except for Bangladeshi and White Irish Traveller pupils

  • Chinese boys and girls eligible for FSM had the highest percentage of pupils achieving A* to C in English and Maths GCSE, at 83% and 76% respectively

  • Gypsy/Roma boys eligible for FSM had the lowest percentage of pupils achieving A* to C in English and Maths GCSE (7%)

  • the largest gap between FSM-eligible girls and boys, at 13 percentage points, was found in the Black Caribbean and Mixed White and Asian pupils

A* to C in English and Maths GCSE by ethnicity, gender and area

Percentage of pupils attaining A* to C in English and Maths GCSE by ethnicity, gender and area

All White Mixed Asian Black Chinese
Local authority All Boys Girls All Boys Girls All Boys Girls All Boys Girls All Boys Girls All Boys Girls
All - England 63 59 67 63 59 67 63 59 67 68 65 71 60 54 66 84 80 89
Barking and Dagenham 60 57 63 55 52 57 55 54 57 72 69 76 63 58 68 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality
Barnet 73 71 75 72 69 75 73 74 73 86 88 84 64 59 70 87 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality
Barnsley 59 54 64 59 54 64 71 77 67 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 33 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality N/A * N/A * N/A *
Bath and North East Somerset 70 67 72 70 68 73 65 61 69 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 67 50 57 40 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality
Bedford 59 56 62 59 57 62 53 49 57 63 58 69 53 48 58 100 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality
Bexley 67 63 70 62 60 65 63 64 61 84 76 92 77 70 84 85 86 83
Birmingham 60 56 64 61 56 66 58 57 59 61 58 63 55 46 64 82 76 88
Blackburn with Darwen 65 59 71 61 55 66 74 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 71 66 76 53 36 100 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality N/A *
Blackpool 48 45 51 48 45 50 42 33 50 63 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 44 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 100 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality
Bolton 59 53 66 58 51 64 50 35 67 69 62 77 46 48 45 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality
Bournemouth 67 64 70 66 63 70 71 63 82 85 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 59 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality
Bracknell Forest 61 57 65 60 55 64 69 70 68 78 82 74 69 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 100 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality
Bradford 52 48 56 54 50 57 46 41 50 51 47 55 56 41 69 withheld to protect confidentiality N/A * withheld to protect confidentiality
Brent 64 60 68 59 55 64 55 50 61 70 68 73 54 47 59 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality
Brighton and Hove 65 62 69 65 63 68 69 60 79 63 59 71 51 55 47 100 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality
Bristol, City of 60 56 63 60 56 63 64 59 69 67 64 71 48 42 52 73 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality
Bromley 72 70 74 74 71 76 74 72 76 89 90 88 68 66 69 89 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality
Buckinghamshire 74 71 77 75 73 78 68 69 68 69 64 75 61 53 68 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality
Bury 62 57 67 63 59 67 61 47 76 63 58 69 47 30 69 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality
Calderdale 65 63 68 67 63 71 59 55 63 59 64 54 60 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 100 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality
Cambridgeshire 68 64 71 67 63 71 72 64 80 80 83 77 57 56 58 87 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality
Camden 63 56 69 65 55 72 56 42 67 64 60 69 59 55 61 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 withheld to protect confidentiality
Central Bedfordshire 64 60 69 65 60 69 58 49 68 59 50 68 52 48 57 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 100
Cheshire East 68 62 73 68 62 73 66 56 76 66 73 61 62 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 73 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality
Cheshire West and Chester 66 62 70 65 61 69 71 66 77 76 67 84 50 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 100
City of London N/A * N/A * N/A * N/A * N/A * N/A * N/A * N/A * N/A * N/A * N/A * N/A * N/A * N/A * N/A * N/A * N/A * N/A *
Cornwall 64 61 67 64 61 68 71 76 67 67 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 44 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality
County Durham 62 60 65 63 60 66 67 56 73 70 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 50 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality
Coventry 61 58 64 58 55 61 53 46 61 74 70 79 59 58 60 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality
Croydon 61 55 66 63 56 70 59 52 63 74 73 75 59 54 64 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality
Cumbria 63 58 69 63 58 68 83 86 81 65 64 65 46 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 100 withheld to protect confidentiality
Darlington 62 59 64 62 60 64 73 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 52 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality N/A * withheld to protect confidentiality N/A * withheld to protect confidentiality
Derby 54 49 60 55 49 62 51 44 56 53 50 56 45 29 55 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 100
Derbyshire 62 58 67 62 58 67 59 56 62 withheld to protect confidentiality 55 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 71 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality
Devon 65 61 68 65 61 68 63 61 66 77 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 71 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality
Doncaster 60 55 64 59 55 64 57 47 68 61 57 64 46 41 50 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 withheld to protect confidentiality
Dorset 65 62 67 65 62 67 68 68 67 65 58 73 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 100
Dudley 56 52 60 56 53 60 53 50 56 56 47 66 46 47 44 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality
Ealing 65 61 69 66 65 68 72 68 75 69 65 74 55 48 62 withheld to protect confidentiality N/A * withheld to protect confidentiality
East Riding of Yorkshire 67 63 71 67 63 71 67 57 83 67 43 100 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality
East Sussex 63 59 67 63 60 67 63 58 67 75 69 84 61 55 65 100 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality
Enfield 63 59 67 61 60 63 65 59 74 81 78 83 59 52 66 85 67 100
Essex 64 61 68 64 60 67 66 63 70 83 79 86 71 69 72 80 80 81
Gateshead 65 62 67 64 62 67 80 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 86 75 100 57 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality
Gloucestershire 66 63 70 66 63 70 62 57 67 86 82 91 51 47 56 83 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality
Greenwich 61 59 63 55 52 57 62 58 65 75 78 73 67 65 68 83 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality
Hackney 70 65 73 73 66 78 69 65 72 75 75 75 65 60 69 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 100
Halton 60 59 62 60 58 62 76 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality N/A * withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality N/A * N/A * N/A *
Hammersmith and Fulham 70 66 74 75 75 76 69 62 77 78 71 85 59 54 65 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality
Hampshire 67 63 71 67 63 70 66 60 73 75 70 81 53 48 59 89 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality
Haringey 64 60 68 65 61 70 68 62 74 72 75 71 57 52 61 67 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality
Harrow 68 64 72 62 57 67 64 54 73 76 75 78 60 53 67 73 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality
Hartlepool 55 49 61 55 49 61 63 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 71 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality N/A *
Havering 64 61 67 64 61 67 61 60 62 72 68 75 66 59 72 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 withheld to protect confidentiality
Herefordshire, County of 62 57 68 62 56 68 80 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 100 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality
Hertfordshire 70 65 75 69 65 74 65 60 71 77 73 82 71 63 77 84 90 79
Hillingdon 65 62 69 61 59 63 68 62 73 74 70 78 59 54 65 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 100
Hounslow 66 63 69 66 66 67 74 73 74 77 74 79 60 56 65 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality
Isle of Wight 52 48 56 52 47 57 56 50 67 50 50 50 N/A * N/A * N/A * withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality
Isles of Scilly 70 67 73 67 64 70 N/A * N/A * N/A * N/A * N/A * N/A * N/A * N/A * N/A * N/A * N/A * N/A *
Islington 64 62 66 60 57 64 64 62 66 78 74 81 63 62 64 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality
Kensington and Chelsea 76 74 77 76 75 79 74 74 75 81 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 72 67 78 withheld to protect confidentiality N/A * withheld to protect confidentiality
Kent 64 60 68 62 58 66 73 69 76 86 82 91 78 71 84 92 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality
Kingston upon Hull, City of 51 52 51 53 54 52 57 50 69 71 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 48 50 46 withheld to protect confidentiality N/A * withheld to protect confidentiality
Kingston upon Thames 78 75 81 75 73 78 83 81 84 86 85 86 66 54 83 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 withheld to protect confidentiality
Kirklees 61 55 68 63 58 69 47 42 53 60 53 68 51 43 58 100 100 100
Knowsley 40 37 43 39 36 42 57 55 60 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality N/A * withheld to protect confidentiality
Lambeth 62 58 67 69 68 69 59 59 60 81 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 58 50 66 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality
Lancashire 64 59 68 64 60 69 66 60 71 59 53 64 71 67 77 88 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality
Leeds 60 56 64 61 57 65 58 56 60 60 55 64 52 47 56 75 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality
Leicester 57 53 62 44 42 48 51 49 53 68 64 73 53 47 60 withheld to protect confidentiality N/A * withheld to protect confidentiality
Leicestershire 65 61 69 64 60 68 68 65 73 79 77 81 70 73 65 73 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality
Lewisham 56 49 64 54 51 58 64 58 71 67 62 72 52 43 63 76 71 78
Lincolnshire 62 58 66 62 58 66 69 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 87 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 62 61 63 82 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality
Liverpool 57 52 61 57 53 61 52 42 62 70 69 71 54 43 65 82 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality
Luton 56 53 58 52 48 57 47 42 51 62 63 60 54 49 59 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality
Manchester 55 52 58 51 48 55 50 46 55 64 62 67 57 53 61 81 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality
Medway 65 60 69 64 60 68 62 51 70 82 86 78 64 45 77 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality
Merton 70 66 73 70 66 75 74 67 81 71 73 68 63 58 69 100 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality
Middlesbrough 55 51 58 53 50 57 66 64 68 72 74 70 67 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality N/A * N/A * N/A *
Milton Keynes 60 57 63 59 55 64 59 60 59 72 70 75 55 54 56 67 55 100
Newcastle upon Tyne 62 59 65 62 59 65 71 68 74 67 63 72 50 49 51 46 43 50
Newham 63 60 67 54 49 59 51 48 55 70 68 72 60 56 65 73 50 100
Norfolk 61 58 64 61 58 64 57 58 55 85 77 92 66 55 85 84 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality
North East Lincolnshire 56 52 60 56 51 60 55 52 62 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 100 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality N/A * withheld to protect confidentiality
North Lincolnshire 64 62 67 64 62 66 58 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 79 70 86 73 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 100 100 N/A *
North Somerset 63 59 68 63 59 67 68 59 78 81 83 79 33 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality
North Tyneside 68 65 71 68 65 71 86 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 58 42 65 73 57 100 100 100 100
North Yorkshire 68 63 72 67 63 72 66 65 67 76 72 82 67 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 100 100 100
Northamptonshire 60 55 64 59 55 64 54 52 57 70 66 74 60 51 68 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality
Northumberland 61 59 64 61 58 64 69 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 79 80 77 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 100 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality
Nottingham 50 45 56 46 42 51 53 51 55 62 57 67 51 39 64 100 100 100
Nottinghamshire 66 61 71 66 61 71 69 63 75 73 69 77 76 80 72 88 77 100
Oldham 57 52 61 58 52 64 48 47 48 56 54 58 53 68 32 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality
Oxfordshire 66 61 70 67 62 71 59 56 61 60 54 66 58 51 68 81 64 100
Peterborough 55 51 59 54 50 59 63 55 72 54 53 55 62 48 79 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 withheld to protect confidentiality
Plymouth 58 52 65 57 51 64 70 67 72 88 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 17 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 69 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality
Poole 68 63 74 68 62 73 79 79 78 87 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality
Portsmouth 58 52 66 57 51 64 63 60 66 74 64 80 70 65 75 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 100
Reading 64 63 65 62 62 62 56 62 51 75 71 79 51 50 52 100 100 100
Redbridge 72 68 76 69 66 71 61 51 70 78 74 82 62 54 69 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 withheld to protect confidentiality
Redcar and Cleveland 61 59 63 61 59 63 65 56 73 57 46 70 100 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality N/A * withheld to protect confidentiality
Richmond upon Thames 71 69 73 73 71 76 70 72 69 70 67 72 50 50 50 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality
Rochdale 59 55 63 58 53 63 61 64 60 61 57 64 68 62 76 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality N/A *
Rotherham 62 57 67 62 57 67 67 67 68 58 51 64 61 50 72 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 100
Rutland 76 71 83 77 71 84 67 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality N/A * N/A * N/A *
Salford 53 50 57 52 49 55 60 56 66 68 57 82 63 57 68 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality
Sandwell 50 45 55 46 41 51 48 43 54 59 56 63 47 38 56 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality
Sefton 60 55 66 61 55 68 63 61 66 70 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 40 38 43 100 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality
Sheffield 59 56 63 61 58 63 53 51 55 57 52 61 56 48 66 83 57 100
Shropshire 63 59 67 63 59 68 66 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality
Slough 72 68 77 63 55 71 74 72 77 79 76 82 63 61 65 100 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality
Solihull 65 60 71 66 61 71 57 56 58 72 66 79 54 38 68 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 100
Somerset 63 58 68 63 58 67 67 61 72 76 64 88 50 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 73 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality
South Gloucestershire 60 57 63 60 58 63 54 44 68 72 67 80 51 48 57 100 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality
South Tyneside 62 57 68 63 58 67 53 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 67 46 84 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality N/A * N/A * N/A *
Southampton 57 52 62 54 50 59 56 39 71 78 73 83 59 61 58 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 withheld to protect confidentiality
Southend-on-Sea 69 66 72 67 63 70 66 59 73 84 84 85 78 74 83 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 100
Southwark 69 68 71 66 68 64 66 61 70 77 74 79 71 66 75 91 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality
St. Helens 60 56 64 61 56 65 80 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 100 withheld to protect confidentiality 63 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 100 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality
Staffordshire 60 56 64 60 56 64 57 60 55 60 56 64 60 64 57 80 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality
Stockport 66 63 69 66 63 69 73 70 78 68 59 78 67 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 56 50 60
Stockton-on-Tees 64 60 69 64 60 68 64 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 63 57 69 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality
Stoke-on-Trent 56 53 58 55 52 58 48 44 52 60 60 60 44 42 46 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality
Suffolk 60 56 64 60 57 64 56 50 60 67 71 63 47 32 61 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality
Sunderland 59 54 64 59 54 63 56 50 60 72 74 71 50 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 100 N/A * 100
Surrey 70 66 74 70 66 74 74 69 78 74 70 79 63 65 61 86 76 100
Sutton 77 76 78 71 71 72 76 77 75 93 90 95 74 73 76 100 100 100
Swindon 61 57 65 60 56 65 67 69 65 67 68 67 62 52 71 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality
Tameside 64 60 67 63 60 66 68 56 82 67 62 72 66 71 61 67 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality
Telford and Wrekin 59 55 63 59 55 64 56 50 62 53 53 54 53 57 47 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 100
Thurrock 62 57 67 59 54 64 77 75 79 69 60 77 75 72 77 67 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality
Torbay 63 63 62 65 65 65 75 83 68 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 57 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 100 100 100
Tower Hamlets 63 63 64 52 50 53 55 52 59 68 68 67 61 62 60 100 100 100
Trafford 75 72 79 75 72 77 73 65 80 81 77 85 69 64 74 90 82 100
Wakefield 64 58 70 64 58 70 64 52 73 65 63 66 63 56 77 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality
Walsall 57 54 61 55 52 59 54 46 62 67 65 68 55 47 66 100 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality
Waltham Forest 64 59 68 63 59 68 62 62 61 71 66 76 57 47 64 55 40 67
Wandsworth 70 67 72 71 69 72 72 67 78 77 79 75 61 55 67 100 100 100
Warrington 64 60 67 64 60 67 51 40 67 80 77 84 36 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 100 withheld to protect confidentiality
Warwickshire 67 64 71 67 64 70 72 68 75 77 75 78 52 38 62 69 50 100
West Berkshire 65 60 71 66 61 72 63 61 64 76 72 81 60 62 58 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 100
West Sussex 65 61 69 65 62 69 61 57 65 71 67 75 39 36 43 58 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality
Westminster 72 66 77 78 67 85 75 66 84 72 69 76 65 59 72 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 100
Wigan 63 57 68 63 57 68 55 30 72 63 70 50 69 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 100 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality
Wiltshire 66 62 70 66 62 71 73 72 74 73 76 70 55 50 63 100 100 100
Windsor and Maidenhead 72 67 78 73 68 78 79 79 78 68 58 78 66 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 100 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality
Wirral 66 61 71 66 61 70 70 65 74 78 78 78 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 100 100
Wokingham 73 68 79 75 70 79 64 58 73 70 67 75 64 54 74 100 100 100
Wolverhampton 59 52 66 56 49 63 48 40 56 74 69 79 53 43 64 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality
Worcestershire 65 61 69 65 62 69 65 60 70 63 53 74 30 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality
York 69 64 74 68 64 73 82 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 100 100 100 56 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality

Summary

The data shows that:

  • in most local authorities, more girls achieved A* to C in English and Maths GCSE than boys

  • White pupils saw the biggest gap between girls and boys in Westminster in London

  • Asian pupils saw the biggest gap between girls and boys in in the East Riding of Yorkshire in Yorkshire and the Humber, at 57 percentage points

  • Mixed pupils saw the biggest gap between girls and boys in in Wigan in the North West, at 42 percentage points

  • Black pupils saw the biggest gap between girls and boys in in Blackburn with Darwen, in the North West, at 64 percentage points

  • Chinese pupils saw the biggest gap between girls and boys in Newham in London, and Warwickshire in the West Midlands, at 50 percentage points

A* to C in English and Maths GCSE by ethnicity, gender and basis for school admission

Percentage of pupils attaining A* to C in English and Maths GCSE by ethnicity, gender and basis for school admission

All Asian Black Chinese Mixed White
Admissions basis All Boys Girls All Boys Girls All Boys Girls All Boys Girls All Boys Girls All Boys Girls
All state-funded mainstream schools 64 61 68 68 65 71 60 55 66 84 79 89 64 60 67 64 61 68
Non-selective schools in highly selective areas 55 51 59 63 57 70 61 53 69 74 66 85 57 54 59 55 51 58
Non-selective schools in other areas (inc. low selective areas) 63 60 67 66 63 69 59 54 64 80 75 86 62 58 66 63 60 67
Selective schools 99 99 99 99 99 100 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 99 98 99 99 98 99

Summary

This data groups schools by type into the following 3 categories, according to whether they select their pupils by ability:

  • selective schools
  • non-selective schools in highly selective areas (where 25% or more of state-funded secondary places are in state-funded selective schools)
  • all other non-selective schools (including schools in local authorities with some selection, as well as those with no selection)

The data shows that:

  • in 2015/16, 22,512 of pupils (4%) in key stage 4 were in selective schools, 34,658 (7%) in non-selective schools in highly selective areas, and 472,525 (89%) in non-selective schools in other areas

  • in all types of school except selective schools, a higher percentage girls achieved A* to C in English and Maths GCSE than boys

  • Asian girls in selective schools did best: 100% achieved A*to C in English and Maths GCSE

  • White boys in non-selective schools in highly selective areas did least well: 51% achieved A*to C in English and Maths GCSE

A* to C in English and Maths GCSE by ethnicity and school type

Percentage of pupils attaining A* to C in English and Maths GCSE by ethnicity and school type

All Asian Black Chinese Mixed White
School type Pupils % Pupils % Pupils % Pupils % Pupils % Pupils %
All state-funded mainstream schools 530,580 64 50,515 68 27,407 60 2,008 84 22,465 64 414,528 64
Local authority maintained mainstream schools 191,701 62 21,499 65 11,496 58 591 79 8,130 60 145,402 62
Academies and free schools 337,452 65 28,983 70 15,874 62 1,416 85 14,288 66 268,711 65
Sponsored academies 85,080 53 7,419 59 6,173 58 277 81 3,759 55 64,925 52
Converter academies 247,551 70 20,958 75 9,482 65 1,127 87 10,292 70 200,260 70
Free schools 1,838 65 411 73 60 53 8 withheld to protect confidentiality 79 79 1,187 62
University technical colleges 1,864 51 125 41 130 42 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 108 57 1,412 54
Studio schools 1,119 34 70 37 29 35 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 50 38 927 33
Further education colleges with provision for 14- to 16-year-olds 885 10 N/A * N/A * N/A * N/A * N/A * N/A * N/A * N/A * N/A * N/A *
State-funded special schools 10,109 1 703 withheld to protect confidentiality 517 withheld to protect confidentiality 18 withheld to protect confidentiality 403 1 8,235 1
All state-funded schools 540,689 63 51,218 67 27,924 59 2,026 83 22,868 63 422,763 63

Summary

The data shows that:

  • 35% of pupils were in local authority maintained mainstream schools, 62% were in academies and free schools, 2% were in state-funded special schools and 0.2% in further education colleges in 2015/16

  • overall, there were 530,580 pupils in state-funded mainstream schools, of whom 78% were White, 4% were Mixed, 10% were Asian, 5% were Black and 0.4% were Chinese

  • in all state-funded mainstream schools, Chinese pupils had the highest percentage of pupils achieving A* to C in English and Maths GCSE (84%), while Black pupils had the lowest (60%)

A* to C in English and Maths GCSE by ethnicity, Special Education Needs (SEN) and gender

Percentage of pupils attaining A* to C in English and Maths GCSE by ethnicity, special education needs and gender

All Asian Black Chinese Mixed White
SEN All Boys Girls All Boys Girls All Boys Girls All Boys Girls All Boys Girls All Boys Girls
No identified SEN 70 67 72 73 70 75 66 61 70 86 81 90 69 67 72 70 67 72
All SEN 24 23 27 25 24 26 23 21 26 42 36 52 26 24 30 24 23 27
SEN Support 29 28 31 29 29 30 28 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 49 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 31 28 34 29 28 31
SEN with a statement or EHC plan 10 11 8 10 10 10 8 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 28 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 12 12 10 10 11 8

Summary

Pupils with special education needs (SEN) have learning difficulties or disabilities that make it harder for them to learn than most children of the same age.

From 2015, pupils have been categorised as follows:

  • no identified SEN
  • SEN support: extra or different help is given from that provided as part of the school's usual curriculum, and the class teacher and SEN coordinator (SENCO) may receive advice or support from outside specialists
  • SEN statement or education, health and care (EHC) plan: a pupil is given a * SEN statement or an EHC plan once a formal assessment has been made

The data shows that:

  • in 2015/16, there were 78,682 pupils at the end of key stage 4 with SEN: 80% were White, 7% were Asian, 6% were Black, 4% were Mixed and 0.2% were Chinese

  • of the 78,682 SEN students in total, 74% had SEN support and 26% had SEN with a statement or EHC plan

  • across all ethnic groups, SEN pupils were less likely to achieve an A* to C in English and Maths GCSE than non-SEN pupils: 24% of SEN pupils did so, compared to 70% of pupils without SEN

  • of all SEN pupils, Chinese pupils were the most likely to achieve A* to C in English and Maths GCSE (42%), and Black pupils the least likely (23%)

  • looking at those with SEN support, Chinese pupils were the most likely to achieve A* to C in English and Maths GCSE (49%) and Black pupils the least likely (28%)

  • of SEN pupils with a statement or EHC plan, Chinese pupils were the most likely to achieve A* to C in English and Maths GCSE (28%) and Black pupils the least likely (8%)

A* to C in English and Maths GCSE by ethnicity, type of faith school and gender

Percentage of pupils in ethnic groups achieving A* to C in English and Maths by religious character of school and gender

All Asian Black Chinese Mixed White
Religious character All Boys Girls All Boys Girls All Boys Girls All Boys Girls All Boys Girls All Boys Girls
All state-funded mainstream schools 64 61 68 68 65 71 60 55 66 84 79 89 64 60 67 64 61 68
Church of England schools 66 63 70 71 68 74 62 56 67 88 88 88 66 65 68 66 63 69
Jewish schools 82 82 82 87 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 69 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 78 75 80 82 83 80
Muslim schools 82 85 81 83 86 82 71 70 71 N/A * N/A * N/A * 44 N/A * withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality N/A * withheld to protect confidentiality
No religious character 64 60 67 67 64 70 58 52 63 84 79 89 63 59 67 63 60 67
Other Christian faith schools 64 61 66 80 79 81 63 59 69 85 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 69 70 67 62 59 65
Roman Catholic schools 69 65 72 73 68 79 68 63 72 80 72 85 68 64 72 68 65 71
Sikh school 72 64 81 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality N/A * withheld to protect confidentiality

Summary

This data divides schools into the following religious categories:

  • no religious character
  • Church of England schools
  • Roman Catholic schools
  • Other Christian faith schools (including those of mixed denomination or other Christian beliefs, for example, Greek Orthodox)
  • Jewish schools
  • Muslim schools
  • Sikh schools

The data shows that:

  • in 2015/16, there were 530,580 key stage 4 pupils in state-funded mainstream schools in England

  • 82% of pupils attended schools with with no religious character, 6% attended Church of England schools, 10% attended Roman Catholic schools, 2% attended Other Christian faith schools, 0.2% attended Jewish, 0.1% attended Muslim and 0.03% attended Sikh schools

  • Chinese girls at state-funded mainstream schools and schools with no religious character were most likely to achieve A* to C in English and Maths GCSE – 89% did so

  • Black boys at schools with no religious character were least likely to achieve A* to C in English and Maths GCSE – 52% did so

  • for all ethnic groups, pupils at Jewish and Muslim schools were most like to achieve A*-C in English and Maths GCSE - 82% did so

Methodology and type of data

Type of data

Linked administrative data

Purpose of data source

The main purpose is to measure schools and pupil performance at key stage 4 (GCSE) to monitor and improve standards and inform parental choice.

Methodology

The key stage 4 datasets are compiled using information matched together from three data sources:

  • prior attainment records (key stage 2 results)
  • school census records
  • qualification entries and results collected from awarding bodies

The census data is provided for all pupils aged 5 and over on 31 August 2016. Any information that still needs to be collected is recorded as ‘not yet obtained’.

If a pupil or parent refused to give information, this is recorded as 'refused'. Ethnicity is defined here as a personal awareness of a common cultural identity, and relates to how a person feels, not necessarily how they are seen by others. Ethnicity is subjective, and is therefore not defined by such characteristics as religion, country of birth, etc.

These statistics include pupils whose ethnicity was not obtained, who refused to respond, or whose ethnicity could not be determined. The key stage 4 datasets are compiled using information matched together from three data sources:

  • prior attainment records (key stage 2 results)
  • school census records
  • qualification entries and results collected from awarding bodies

Key stage 4 data received from awarding bodies are combined with pupil characteristics from the school census and prior attainment by the department’s contractor. Records are matched, using identifiers such as surname, forename, date of birth, UPN, gender and postcode. This successfully matches around 98% of results.

The statistics in this commission cover the data collated for the 2016 secondary school performance tables. The performance tables and the related statistical first release report results based on pupils at the end of key stage 4, who are typically aged 15 at the start of the academic year. The coverage of the local authority (LA) and regional statistics is state-funded schools only in England. This includes city technology colleges and academies but excludes hospital schools, pupil referral units and alternative provision.

Pupils are included in the figures for FSM if their families have claimed eligibility for FSM at the time of the annual spring school census. This FSM definition includes all who were eligible to receive free school meals, not only those who actually received free school meals. Pupils not eligible for free school meals or unclassified pupils are described as ‘All other pupils’.
Parents are able to claim FSM if they receive a qualifying benefit.

FSM is used as an indicator of disadvantage, but when drawing conclusions, it should be remembered that not all eligible parents apply for FSM and families who don’t quite reach the eligibility threshold for FSM may still be suffering deprivation.

Rounding

All charts and tables are rounded to the nearest whole number, whereas in the downloads percentages are given to one decimal place.

Related publications

Schools, pupils and their characteristics: January 2016

Quality and methodology information

Data source details

Source

Key stage 4 statistics

Department

Department for Education

Type of statistic

National statistic

Publication frequency

Annual

Suppression rules

Values of 1 or 2, or a percentage based on 1 or 2 pupils who achieved; or 0, 1 or 2 pupils who did not achieve a particular level are suppressed in circumstances where non-suppression would lead to disclosure of pupils. Some additional figures have been suppressed to prevent the possibility of a suppressed figure being revealed.

This suppression is consistent with our Statistical policy statement on confidentiality.

Schools are able to apply for pupils to be removed from their figures, if they have recently arrived from overseas and their first language is not English.

We allow the removal of these pupils from the school and local authority figures as they can have an impact on some schools’ figures (since some schools have significant numbers of such pupils).

However, we continue to include these pupils in the national figures so that they reflect the attainment of all pupils.

Schools can also apply for pupils to be removed if a pupil has been admitted following a permanent exclusion from another school, if the pupil is not at the end of key stage 4, if the pupil has permanently left England, or the pupil is deceased.

It may not be appropriate for schools to be held accountable for these pupils and therefore with adequate evidence we allow the removal of them so they are not included in the school's performance measures.

Disclosure control

The Code of Practice for Official Statistics requires DfE to take reasonable steps to ensure that their published or disseminated statistics protect confidentiality.

For more information about DfE’s disclosure control procedures for its statistical releases please see DfE’s statistical policy statement on confidentiality

Download the data

a-to-c-in-english-and-maths-gcse-attainment-for-children-aged-14-to-16-key-stage-4-in-england.csv

This file contains the following: ethnicity, year, gender, FSM, admissions basis, type of school, SEN, religious character, value and denominator

a-to-c-in-english-and-maths-gcse-attainment-for-children-aged-14-to-16-key-stage-4-by-local-authority.csv

This file contains the following: ethnicity, year, local authority, gender, value and denominator