Fear of crime
There is a new version of this page. View the latest version.
- 1. Navigate to Main facts and figures section
- 2. Navigate toFear of crime by ethnicity section
- 3. Navigate toFear of crime by ethnicity and gender section
- 4. Navigate toFear of crime by ethnicity and age section
- 5. Navigate toFear of crime by ethnicity and socio-economic group section
- 6. Navigate to Methodology section
- 7. Navigate to Data sources section
- 8. Navigate to Download the data section
1. Main facts and figures
in 2015/16, around a fifth of adults in England and Wales believed that they were either ‘very likely’ or ‘fairly likely’ to be a victim of crime in the next year
the figures for fear of crime have remained consistent between 2013 and 2016 for all adults
in 2015/16, a smaller proportion of White adults reported fear of crime compared with Asian adults, adults from Other ethnicities and Black adults
Asian adults and adults from the Other ethnic background category had the highest levels of fear of crime
The ethnic categories used in this data
Where possible, this data includes the 18 ethnic categories listed in the 2011 Census, plus 'Unknown'.
- English/ Welsh/ Scottish/ Northern Irish/ British
- Gypsy, Traveller or Irish Traveller
- Any other White background
Mixed/Multiple ethnic groups:
- White and Black Caribbean
- White and Black African
- White and Asian
- Any other Mixed/ Multiple ethnic background
- Any other Asian background
- Any other Black/African/Caribbean background
Other ethnic group:
- Any other ethnic group
However, in cases where the number of people surveyed (the ‘sample size’) was too small to draw any firm conclusions, the CSEW breaks the data down into the following broader categories.
Either 5 ethnic categories:
- Mixed / Multiple ethnic groups
- Asian / Asian British
- Black / African / Caribbean / Black British
- Other ethnic group
Or 2 ethnic categories: White and Other, that is, White ethnic groups (including White British and White ethnic minorities) compared with all other ethnic minorities
2. Fear of crime by ethnicity
|Ethnicity||2013/14 %||2013/14 Number||2014/15 %||2014/15 Number||2015/16 %||2015/16 Number|
|Black other||withheld because a small sample size makes it unreliable||45||26||57||28||58|
|Mixed White/Black African||withheld because a small sample size makes it unreliable||45||withheld because a small sample size makes it unreliable||45||withheld because a small sample size makes it unreliable||43|
|Mixed White/Black Caribbean||25||119||21||97||18||133|
|White Gypsy/Traveller||withheld because a small sample size makes it unreliable||12||withheld because a small sample size makes it unreliable||10||withheld because a small sample size makes it unreliable||15|
Summary of Fear of crime Fear of crime by ethnicity Summary
3. Fear of crime by ethnicity and gender
|Ethnicity||All %||All Number||Male %||Male Number||Female %||Female Number|
Summary of Fear of crime Fear of crime by ethnicity and gender Summary
4. Fear of crime by ethnicity and age
|Age group||Asian %||Asian Number||Black %||Black Number||Mixed %||Mixed Number||White %||White Number||Other %||Other Number|
|65-74||28||329||34||152||21||61||15||15,539||withheld because a small sample size makes it unreliable||41|
|75+||27||135||14||128||withheld because a small sample size makes it unreliable||26||9||12,635||withheld because a small sample size makes it unreliable||28|
Summary of Fear of crime Fear of crime by ethnicity and age Summary
5. Fear of crime by ethnicity and socio-economic group
|Socio-economic group||Asian %||Asian Number||Black %||Black Number||Mixed %||Mixed Number||White %||White Number||Other %||Other Number|
|Managerial and professional occupations||28||1,618||26||778||21||332||17||31,910||28||195|
|Routine and manual occupations||30||1,389||28||954||23||304||19||32,943||23||167|
|Never worked and long-term unemployed||26||556||19||226||30||55||20||2,758||34||97|
|Full time students||23||418||22||221||25||101||15||2,442||22||102|
|Not classified||withheld because a small sample size makes it unreliable||40||withheld because a small sample size makes it unreliable||21||withheld because a small sample size makes it unreliable||4||17||487||withheld because a small sample size makes it unreliable||2|
Summary of Fear of crime Fear of crime by ethnicity and socio-economic group Summary
The data is all drawn from the Crime Survey for England and Wales (CSEW), which is a continuous survey, and broken down by ethnic group, as reported by survey respondents.
CSEW estimates are based on analysis of structured face-to-face interviews carried out using computer-assisted personal interviewing (CAPI). Data is weighted and two stages are used in the weighting of the CSEW sample. In 2015/16, the response rate was 72%.
The CSEW is a household sample survey and, as such, estimates are based on a representative sample of the population of England and Wales aged 16 and over. A sample, as used in the CSEW, is a small-scale representation of the population from which it is drawn.
The CSEW collects information from approximately 35,000 households each year. Since those responses reflect only a fraction of the total population of England and Wales, a procedure is used to give different weights to different households and individuals based on their sex / age / region composition in such a way that the weighted distribution of responding household and individuals in these households matches the known distribution in the population as a whole.
First, weights are applied to the raw data to compensate for unequal address selection probabilities (given, some areas are more populated than others), to compensate for the observed variation in response rates between different types of neighbourhood, to compensate for situations in which only one dwelling unit can be selected in multiple ‘dwelling unit' households and to account for different probabilities of a respondent being selected based on different sized households.
Second, calibration weighting is used to make adjustments for known differentials in response rates between different regions and between different age by six sub-groups.
Suppression rules and disclosure control
Estimates from the Crime Survey for England and Wales have National Statistics status.
National Statistics are a subset of official statistics which have been certified by the UK Statistics Authority as compliant with its Code of Practice for Official Statistics, including requirements on disclosure control. Estimates based on a number of respondents (known as the 'unweighted base') that is less than 50 are suppressed as these estimates are deemed to be less reliable.
Estimates in the charts and tables are given to the nearest whole number but more detailed estimates to 1 decimal place are available in the download
Further technical information
Accuracy: Since the Crime Survey for England and Wales (CSEW) is based on a sample of the population, estimates have a margin of quantifiable and non-quantifiable error associated with them. Non-quantifiable error includes:
- when respondents have recalled crimes in the reference period that actually occurred outside that period
- crimes that did occur in the reference period that were not mentioned at all (either because respondents failed to recall a fairly trivial incident or, conversely, because they did not want to disclose an incident, such as a domestic assault)
- respondents saying they reported crimes to police when they did not (a 'socially desirable' response)
- some incidents reported during the interview being miscoded ('interviewer or coder error')
Coverage issues: The CSEW does not cover those living in communal establishments (such as care homes, student halls of residence and prisons), or crimes against commercial or public sector bodies.
7. Data sources
Type of data
Type of statistic
Office for National Statistics
Purpose of data source
The Crime Survey for England and Wales (CSEW) is a face-to-face survey in which people living in households in England and Wales are asked about their experiences of a selected range of criminal offences in the 12 months prior to the interview.
The CSEW is able to capture a broad range of victim-based crimes experienced by those interviewed, not just those that have been reported to, and recorded by, the police.
8. Download the data
This file contains the following: ethnicity, year, geography, gender, socio-economic status, value, denominator